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John B. Watson

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Tira Strickland

on 12 November 2017

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Transcript of John B. Watson

John Broadus Watson(January 9, 1878 – September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.
John B. Watson

Early Life
Watson didn’t have the clean scholarly attributes that you would expect of someone who would becomes a widely renown psychologist. He was a very troubled youth getting arrested twice during high school for fighting and other disorderly behavior while performing poorly academically.
Early Life cont.
Despite having poor academic performance he managed to get accepted into Furman University in 1894 due to assistance by his mother through her professional connections, at the age of 16 years old,graduating from Furman University with a master’s degree, only at the age of 21 years old.
Academic Career
He later entered University of Chicago where he would meet his wife Mary Ickes. University of Chicago where he would first study philosophy under John Dewey before seeking a different academic path within psychology discovering and developing his behaviorist views which would be one of his biggest contributions to Psychology.In 1903, he graduated from University of Chicago with a Ph.D.
Academics cont.
In 1908, due to his reputation as top researcher in animal behavior he would then be offered a position at John Hopkins University becoming a professor of psychology.This is where he developed most of his behaviorist studies and experiments.
The impact of behaviorism by Watson began with his groundbreaking article he published in 1913 referred to as “The Behaviorist Manifesto”, “Psychology as The Behaviorist Views it”. This article was a philosophy of his behaviorist view of psychology in which he saw behaviorism as the scientific study of human behavior. Watson’s view combated against Sigmund Freud’s theories as “behaviorism rejected the concept of the unconscious and the internal mental state of a person because it was not observable and was subject to the psychologist's subjective interpretation”.
One of Watson most famous behaviorist experiments was “Little Albert Experiment” in 1920. The “Little Albert Experiment” explored classical conditioning on a nine-month-old boy named Albert where he demonstrated that he could condition him to fear something that he otherwise didn’t fear before. It consisted of Watson presenting Albert with a white rat in which he had no fear of, then the next time he presented Little Albert with a right rat he would simultaneously sound a loud noise which would scare him and make him cry which resulted in Albert being scared of the white rat just at the sight of that from then onward.
John Broadus Watson ,was born January 9,1878 in Travelers Rest,near Greenville, South Carolina. He was born to his mother,Emma Watson and father Pickens Butler ,who were poor and owned a farm. Hiis father who was an alcoholic who would then leave the family later on during Watson’s childhood and his mother who was extremely religious disavowing drinking,smoking and other things,even naming Watson himself, after a minister in hopes that he would become one.
John Hopkins University is where Watson would begin an infamous affair with one of his top research assistants named Rosalie Rayner. The affair lead to a divorce between him and his wife Mary Ickes which would then call for Watson to be asked to leave his position at John Hopkins University in 1920 later to marry Rayner only a year later and he would remain with Rayner until her death at 36. The scandal of his affair proved so detrimental to his academic career that his reputation had been ruined eventually causing him to start a new career in a different field
Watson later on in life after his career in psychology would go on receive a gold medal for his contribution to the field of psychology by the American Psychological Association before his death in 1958,being had served as president of the American Psychological Association prior in 1915.
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