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Introduction to Intelligence

Presentations over study of research methods and psychological testing for AP Psychology.
by

Derek Miller

on 29 September 2016

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Transcript of Introduction to Intelligence

Side note: All tests should have...
Validity
test measures what the test is supposed to
Reliability
test has consistent results over each time
Intelligence Tests
Aptitude Tests
Achievement Tests
Purpose: To predict future performance
A Little History...
Alfred Binet
Lewis Terman
David Wechsler
WAIS - IV
Standardization
Process of determining meaningful test scores
Ex. SAT / ACT
Purpose: To measure current skills and abilities
Ex. End of Course exams / AP Exams
and
Intelligence
Check out the following video as an introduction...

Currently, there are two broad categories of...
These should have
Predictive Validity
These should have
content validity
use of procedures and content that is the same each time
Norming
Since most "I.Q." tests are Group Tests, let's look at how they are developed...
These tests can be either...
Individual Tests
Group Tests
Individual scored according to content criteria
Individual scored according to how everyone else does
First group takes test and is scored
Scores are put in a Distribution of Scores (like this one)
If scores look like a "Normal" distribution... the test is NORMED
"I.Q.", then, is determined by where YOUR score falls in the distribution (see below)
Average
Genius
Mental Retardation
As you could deduce from the 'Crash Course' video, the first I.Q. tests were Aptitude Tests
Ex. A.C.T. is supposed to predict how well you will do in college
Ex. Literacy End of Course exam should measure how strong your literacy skills ARE
There are FOUR main Theories of Intelligence we will explore...
Intelligence Theories
Spearman's g (general intelligence)
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory
Emotional Intelligence (Goleman)
Full transcript