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Introduction to Intelligence
Transcript of Introduction to Intelligence
test measures what the test is supposed to
test has consistent results over each time
Purpose: To predict future performance
A Little History...
WAIS - IV
Process of determining meaningful test scores
Ex. SAT / ACT
Purpose: To measure current skills and abilities
Ex. End of Course exams / AP Exams
Check out the following video as an introduction...
Currently, there are two broad categories of...
These should have
These should have
use of procedures and content that is the same each time
Since most "I.Q." tests are Group Tests, let's look at how they are developed...
These tests can be either...
Individual scored according to content criteria
Individual scored according to how everyone else does
First group takes test and is scored
Scores are put in a Distribution of Scores (like this one)
If scores look like a "Normal" distribution... the test is NORMED
"I.Q.", then, is determined by where YOUR score falls in the distribution (see below)
As you could deduce from the 'Crash Course' video, the first I.Q. tests were Aptitude Tests
Ex. A.C.T. is supposed to predict how well you will do in college
Ex. Literacy End of Course exam should measure how strong your literacy skills ARE
There are FOUR main Theories of Intelligence we will explore...
Spearman's g (general intelligence)
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory
Emotional Intelligence (Goleman)