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The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Transcript of The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
At Quebec City the British defeated the French and captured the city. Major General James Wolfe got shot by several musket balls just below his ribs and died on the battlefield. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wolfe Voices and Visions Grade 7 Textbook The British were the forces attacking against the French. Their original plan was to surround the fort and cut off all supplies headed towards it but this tactic would not work. The fort was on top of a large hill. The British were unable to attack the well-defended fortress because the hill looked near impossible to climb. The British had arrived a short time before winter to attack the French and needed to fight the French before the coldness soon came. The British decided that they would lure the French out of their safe fortress onto the field to fight. The French and the British Before the Battle Cannon balls were shot at the opposing army for almost nine weeks. The Fortress of Quebec had become destroyed but the British were unable to climb the hill to attack the French; Quebec had not been captured yet.
The commander of the French troops, Marquise de Montcalm, would not send his army to fight the British yet.
The British were very determined to fight the French and capture Quebec before winter. Major General James Wolfe sent his armies to massacre the villages and farms of habitants that lived at the base of the hill in hope to draw out the French soldiers. This tactic only caused the habitants to flee to the Fort Quebec for safety.
Winter was only days away and the British had not yet had their chance to capture Quebec. The British Battle Tactics When the sun came up on September 12th, the French were very surprised to see about 4400 British soldiers on the Plains of Abraham just out side of Quebec. They were in battle-ready and waiting to fight the French.
The British had secretly climbed to the high clifftop where the Plains of Abraham were. They could wait just behind the Fortress of Quebec and attack the French when they weren't expecting it. The French Battle Tactics Since the British showed up unexpected, ready to fight, the French did not plan how they would defend their city against the British. When the British showed up Marquise de Montcalm had to make a huge decision; would the French troops wait for reinforcements? Or would they go out side of the city and fight the British before they got stronger?
Inside of the fort Montcalm had 6000 soldiers and 300 aboriginal allies; more troops than the British had waiting for them outside.
Montcalm decided to go meet the enemy in battle before the British got any stronger. During the Battle 4000 French troops were lead out of the safety of the fortress to battle the 4400 British forces waiting for them.
The British were lined up on two lines that extended one mile over the whole field. The french formed several lines that did not extend far. The French fired at the British but were too far away. A giant volley of musket balls were shot at the French. It caused great damage but they fired back, also causing lots of damage in the British army. The French and British fired at each other and engaged in sword battle. After about 15 minutes of killing, the French realized that they were being defeated and retreated back to the fortress. The British pursued them and claimed the fort for Britain.
About 1300 men died in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. There has never been a bloodier battle on Canadian soil. After The Battle After the Battle of the Plains of Abraham the remaining British soldiers occupied the city of Quebec for the winter. During the harsh weather, more British soldiers died of disease than those who died in battle. French soldiers who survived the battle retreated to Montreal. Aboriginal allies were no longer willing to fight for the French.
On September 8th, 1760, the French surrendered; New France was now in command of the British. New France British Musket Gun Cannon Video Quiz 1. How long did the Battle of the Plains of Abraham last?
A. 10 minutes
B. 15 hours
C. 15 minutes
D. 1 hour 2. How many French soldiers fought in the Battle?
D. 1000 3. How many British soldiers fought in the battle?
D. 4400 4. How did Major General James Wolfe die?
A. He died by getting hit by several musket balls just below his ribs and died on the battle field.
B. He died by getting hit by several musket balls just below his ribs and died the day after.
C. He died by getting hit by a musket ball in the abdomen and died on the battle field.
D. He died by getting hit by a musket ball in the abdomen and died the day after Answers 1. C