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Ancient Celtic Religion
Transcript of Ancient Celtic Religion
The Celts were an ethno-linguistic group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Medieval Europe.
The Druids were the educated class of the Celts.
The Druids were established as a spiritual class of healers, teachers and rulers.
Druids may call themselves animists, polytheists, pantheists, monotheists or duotheists. The History of Ancient Celtic Religion The Celtic Druids shared a belief in a fundamentally spiritual nature of life.
Druids believed in a succession of reincarnations, which could be into a human or animal form, or even an inanimate object such as a tree or a rock.
They believed in an "Otherworld", that existed as a another dimension beyond their perception (senses). This is the place that they went to after death (the Christian Heaven), but could also visit in dreams, meditation, under hypnotic trance, etc. Beliefs Of The Celtic Druids The earliest record of the Druids comes from two Greek scriptures/texts dating back to the year 300 BCE.
They mention the existence of "Druidas" (wise men) belonging to the Keltois (who were known as "Celts") and the Galatias (known as the "Galatians of the Gauls")
During the Middle Ages, the Druids appeared in a number of written sources.
They also appeared in the hagiographies of various saints and they were all written by christian monks. Sacred Stories And Scriptures/Writings Druid ceremonies began with offering peace to cardinal direction, which was then followed by the Druid's Peace Prayer and the plantation of Peace Groves.
Their ritual practices and beliefs were constructed to bring man into a closer harmony with nature. Sacred Rituals, Prayers and Festivals Monotheistic Druids are people who believe that there is a God, Goddess or a Being named "Spirit" or "Great Spirit". This was to leave out misleading associations to gender.
Celtic society was divided into three classes: a warrior aristocracy, an intellectual class comprising of Druid, Poet and Jurist, and the rest of society.
Women participated both in Warfare and Kingship, even though there was a minority of the female population in these aspects. Sacred People And Social Structures The Celtic Cross (image below) is known throughout the world as the emblem of Celtic Christianity and appeared in the fifth century, AD.
The symbol itself represents "eternal life." The horizontal axis means "the earthly world" and the vertical axis means "the heavenly world", coming together and united as heaven and earth. Sacred Signs and Symbols The Popularity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Druid To define "Monotheistic Druid"
http://www.druidry.org/druid-way/druid-beliefs OR file:///C:/Users/Anne/Desktop/Druids%20-%20Celtic%20Religion%20%28Religion%20Presentation%29.htm Information on "Druidry Beliefs"
http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/d/druids_the_a_brief_cultural_history.html The Origin of the Druids
http://www.ramshornstudio.com/celtic_crosses.htm Information on "Celtic Cross"
http://cabmgmnt.hubpages.com/hub/The-Meaning-of-the-Celtic-Triad-Symbol Information on "Celtic Knot"
http://www.faithandworship.com/Celtic_Blessings_and_Prayers.htm Celtic Blessing
Video of Stonehenge: Reference - Youtube
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celts Groups of Celtic People
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/101803/Celtic-religion Popularity Bibliography The Celtic Knot (image above) is known as a "Triquetra", "Trinity Knot", "Celtic Triad", etc.
In Christian art, the Celtic Knot represents the Trinity, the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit.
It is commonly seen on stained glass, sculpture, christian garments and books. "I lay my head to rest
and in doing so
lay at your feet
the faces I have seen
the voices I have heard
the words I have spoken
the hands I have shaken
the service I have given
the joys I have shared
the sorrows revealed
I lay them at your feet
and in doing so
lay my head to rest" A Celtic blessing translated from Gaelic: The festival of the Celtic Goddess Brigid on February the 2nd, was later replaced by the Catholic Church with Candlemas Day. This occasion is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and it features candlelight processions. So, Brigid (also known as the "lightbringer") is a feature of both Pagan and Christian versions of the same festival. This video is about Stonehenge, which is believed to have been constructed by the Druids as a place of worship: The Celts reached their apogee (high development) of their influence and worldwide expansion during 4th century, BC.
At the the time when there was an extinction in christian druids in Wales, the offices of "bard" and "seer" persisted into the 13th century in Medieval Wales. Map of Celtic Population: Celtic People: Many ancient Celtic tribes gave their names to modern places in Europe: The ancient name of Switzerland was named "Helvetia" from the "Hevetii" tribe. In France, Paris was named after the "Parisi" tribe. Belgium was named after the "Belgae" tribe. http://www.eupedia.com/europe/celtic_trivia.shtml Celtic Tribes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celts Definition of "Celts"
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/101803/Celtic-religion Expansion During the 4th Century, BC
All images are copied off Google Images. The minority of the population would avoid any conception of Deity - meaning they wouldn't call themselves any type of druid. A secondary source (artwork) of the "Otherworld":