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Using Informatics to Promote Community/Population Health
Transcript of Using Informatics to Promote Community/Population Health
Community Health Risk Assessment: Tools for Acquiring Knowledge
Applying Knowledge to Health Disaster Planning and Preparation
Informatics Tools to Support Communication and Dissemination
Health data will need to be incorporated into regional health information exchanges, which will build the larger national health information network.
The public health goals will be supported in these health information organizations by providing for participation in surveillance and prevention, improved case management and coordination of care, and increased accuracy and timeliness of reporting (Laventure, 2005).
LaVenture, M. (2005, May).
Role of population/public health in regional health information exchanges
. PHDSC/eHealth Initiative Annual Conference. Washington, DC.
Processing Knowledge and Information to Support Epidemiology and Monitoring Disease Outbreaks.
The availability of PHI today means local authorities are increasingly prepared to to detect potential health threats, conduct surveillance, and manage outbreaks with appropriate countermeasures and responses.
The creation of the National Center for Public Health Informatics in 2005 has goals to protect and improve health through PHI.
McGonigle, D. & Mastrian, K. (2012).
Nursing Informatics and the foundation of knowledge
. Burlington, MA. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Using Feedback to Improve Responses and Promote Readiness
Core Public Health Functions
Computerized global data collection through the use of health information technology and electronic health records are fundamental to modern public health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention works in collaboration with the World Health Organization to provide a safety net of surviellance systems. Outbreaks and epidemics can be averted and disasters can be managed like never before. (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). [image] Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/
Dumbrell, D., & Steele, R. (2013). Twitter and health in the Australian context: What type of information are health-related organizations tweeting? Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 46 Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, HI. Abstract retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2407104
Foldy, S., Grannis, S., Ross, D., & Smith, T. (2014). A Ride in the Time Machine: Information Management Capabilities Health Departments Will Need. American Journal Of Public Health, 104(9), 1592-1600. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.301956
McGonigle, D. & Mastrian, K. G. (2015). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge. (3rd. edition). 301-313. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Responding to public health emergencies. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nj.gov/health/response/documents/responding_phe.pdf
World Health Organization. (2014). [image] Retrieved from http://gamapserver.who.int/mapLibrary/Files/Maps/Global_influenzapositive_FluTransmissionZones_week14_2014.jpg
Clinical services and decision support to prevent disease and manage impact through data management with public engagement (Foldy, Grannis, Ross, & Smith, 2014)
Public health informatics
Florence Nightinggale and Dr. John Snow were early users of data in determining medical reform to control disease morbidity and mortality
Made possible by timely and accurate health statistics provided by electronic health records
Tracking disease patterns, incidence, prevalence, awareness, and identification of new diseases
(McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015)
Risk assessment plays an integral part of community health and morbidity/ mortality prevention. A risk assessment compiles pertinent data related to disease processes, susceptible populations, treatments/ interventions available within a specified area, and various other affective factors.
There are four steps to assessing risks:
(McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015. pp. 304)
Once risk factors are assessed within a population, preventative measures can be taken.
With the advent of newer technologies, methods in which we promote public health have become much more proficient. By utilizing various surveillance programs to record/ track diseases and disease processes, prevention and treatment within a community has become much easier. With the assistance of informatics, we are able to assess risk factors, as well as identify trending diseases and their origins.
public service announcement (PSA)
- Messages in the public interest disseminated by the media without charge, with the objective of raising awareness, changing public attitudes and behavior towards a social issue.
Community Medical Outreach
- Designed to provide high quality comprehensive healthcare information, intensive case management, and collaborative outreach to medically undeserved populations.
ealth-Based Social Media Campaign
- Social media-based public health information dissemination offers some particularly interesting characteristics,as individual users or members of the public actually carry out the actions that constitute the dissemination.
- Information graphics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge, in this case, directly responsible for displaying images related to the identification, treatment, and/or containment of medical emergencies.
Cellular Wireless Connectivity -
Text messaging that can be used for situations that pose immediate danger or the closing of an area such as a neighborhood, school campus, or national/international border due to a health emergency
Network-Centric Health Emergency Response (NCHER) -
These state-funded networks focus on using computers, high speed data links, networking software and processes to link health emergency preparedness and response personnel, platforms, and systems into highly integrated local and wide-area electronic and social networks.