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Transcript of Chinese Landmarks
The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China started construction in the Ming Dynasty around 7 BC.
Created By Shine Wang & Jamie Clarke
The 21196km Wall was built for the protection and safety of China from military and nomadic incursions. It can be seen from a high altitude.
The walls were separate when they were first built but they got joined together between 220-206BC.
Earth, dirt, sticks, wood and bricks were used in construction with other kinds of materials.
The Great Wall of China is a massive Wall in Beijing, one of the biggest man-made constructions in the world.
By Shine Wang
The Teracotta army are a group of Teracotta sculptures depicting the different armies of empreror Qiu Shi Huang.
This is a funerary art buried with the emperor during 210-209BC designed to protect the emperor in his afterlife.
The Teracotta army pit was discovered on the 29th of March 1974 by some farmers in the Shanxi Area.
The Teracotta Army pit consists of 8000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, each representing a special part in the Emperor's life. Another pit has been found near the Teracotta Army and they consisted of acrobats, strongmen musicians and dancers etc.
The Teracotta Army pits are a very important place and it represents much religious beliefs for the citizens of China.
The Forbidden City was the palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qin Dynasty. For nearly 500 years, the Forbidden City served as a house for the Government of China.
The Forbidden City is located in the centre of Beijing, China's Capital City. Consisting of 980 buildings and 8,886 rooms altogether. This huge city covers an area of 720,000km2. Forbidden City is shaped as a large rectangle 961m x 753m
The Forbidden City started construction from 1406 to 1420 and expresses tradition Chinese palatial architecture.
Forbidden City is surrounded by a wide moat and a tall wall to protect The building from unwanted visitors. There are gates on each side of the wall and they are covered by 9 rows of golden nails.
(Tiananmen Guang Chang)
Tiananmen Square is a large city square in the heart of Beijing, China. Tiananmen is named after the gate Tiananmen to its north, meaning gate of heavenly peace.
With an area of 440,000m2, Tiananmen Square is the third largest city square in the world. Tiananmen has a great cultural significance as it was the site of several important events in Chinese history.
Tiananmen Square was built in 1415 during the Ming Dynasty. During the demise of the Ming Dynasty, fights damaged the exterior of the square.
Tiananmen Square was built for the Prime Minister of China and the Government. This building is still used today.
The Summer Palace is a palace in Beijing, China. It is dominated by longevity hill and Kunmin Lake which covers 2.9km2 of water.
The Summer Palace is located 15km north-west of Beijing's centre and is 'a masterpiece of Chinese landscape design' with natural landscapes like hills, open water and artificial features such as pavillions, halls, temples and bridges to make a beautiful masterpiece.
(Bu Da La Gong)
The Potala Palace is a magnificent Palace on Mount Moburi in Tibet made for a present for King Songstan's bride.
The 13 storey building covers 130,000m2 and has over 1,000 rooms with walls 3m thick. It also has 10,000 shrines and 200,000 statues which rise 300m above the valley floor.
The rooms in Potala Palace are filled with elaborate paintings of art which tell us some stories of Dalai Lama.
The Potala Palace gives people a chance to look at one of the most impressive constructions in the early centuries.
Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven is known to be the most holy of Beijing's imperial Temples.
Covering an area of 2.72km2, the Temple of Heaven was built by emperor Zhdli between 1406 to 1420. It is also described as 'a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design.'
The temple is a place where the emperor comes every winter solstice to worship heaven and to solemnly pray for a good harvest.
The temple inside contains lots of color and design on the walls and sturdy poles stand around the Temple of Heaven.
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