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Robots (Good)

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by

Mohsin Ashraf

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Robots (Good)

Robots By: Ahmed and Mohsin What is a robot A robot is a machine capable of completing a series of complex actions automatically Robots are also known as: humanoids, androids, or machines Why did we choose this topic? Due to a number of reasons including:
•A natural interest in robotics
•A desire for a career which correlates directly with robots
•A desire to learn more about the world around us Who Would be Interested in this topic Robots can interest anyone from engineers to surgeons as they impact everyone to a certain degree What do robots do? Robots are designed to mainly assist humans
Can be used in hospitals for nurses and doctors
Can be used to create other machines Robots making cars How many types of Robots are there? There exist 8 common types of robots
Industrial robots
Medical robots
Entertainment robots
Military robots
Household robots
Service robots
Hobby and competition robots The armed predator drone is an example of a military robot Who makes the robots? Examples of manufacturing companies include: - Motoman

- FANUC

- KUKA

- Adept

- American Robot Corporation

- Angeles Research Independent individuals responsible for manufacturing robots may include
William Grey Walter - First electrical autonomous robot
George Devol - First programmable robot Robots are largely manufactured by companies and sometimes individuals

Examples of manufacturing companies include:
Motoman
FANUC
KUKA
Adept
American Robot Corporation
Angeles Research Who makes the robots? William Gray Walter (shown above)

The required knowledge varies according to the robot

Building most autonomous and/or programmable robots require knowledge of:
Programming
Mechanics
Electronics
Circuits
Soldering
etc. How much knowledge is required to create a robot? What is the impact of robots? Robots have affected our day to day life in the workforce.
Increase efficiency
Work in hazardous conditions
Average robot is 200 times faster than a human

Robots are essential for minimally invasive surgeries (MIS)
Tiny incisions instead of one large opening
Benefits for surgeons and patients What impact do robots have in medicine? Robots appear to be beneficial
Provide minimally invasive surgeries
Beneficial to patients (Decreased pain)
Beneficial to hospital (Reduced cost) How does the medicine and health industry feel about robots? How does the general public feel about robots? There is no general consensus concerning the topic of robots. In some instances, robots can be beneficial, in others, the opposite is true.

A company called Foxxcon started to replace more workers with robots in mid 2011.

In this case:
The workers would believe the robots to be a drawback
The company would believe the robots to be beneficial Robots have dominated the automotive industry because:
Factories contain hundreds of robots
Each robot can replace ten workers
Robots were first seen as influential in 1961
Seen through the implementation of 'Unimate' How do robots impact automotive industry? What are some examples of household robots? Examples of common household robots may be:
Robotic mops
Robotic vacuum cleaners
Helper robots
Those made for entertainment
etc...

A popular household robot is the Roomba
It acts like a vacuum cleaning robot What is artificial intelligence and its purpose? Artificial intelligence relates to robotics
Artificial intelligence allows robots and machines to think in a more ‘intelligent’ manner
It allows the robot to learn from experience Hal 9000 is a fictional robot typically associated with artificial intelligence How did robots evolve (need/want)? ~1495 – Leonardo da Vinci created early designs for a humanoid robot ~1936 - Alan Turing introduced the idea of a computer based on theory known as the Turing Machine. ~1950 - Alan Turing introduces the "Turing Test" which is essential for artificial intelligence ~1206 –Al-Jazari, created a book which described several devices, resembling early automata. ~1961 - First industrial robot was responsible for spot welding and extracting die castings ~1973 - KUKA created the first industrial robot which contained six axes When, where, and who created the change? Humans around the world from all generations
KUKA, contributed heavily to robotics
Leonardo da Vinci was an independent individual, who contributed heavily to robotics as well

Robots have recently evolved due to a NEED/WANT to benefit humans more personally (e.g. elderly care) Impact robots have on society Robots have also had an environmental impact as well
Implemented in Fukushima to monitor radiation levels
Unmanned robot used to monitor oil post BP 'Oil Spill'
Can be used to clean asbestos from pipes Impact robots have on the environment How do robots impact the future of computer engineering? Computer engineers help establish the basis of robotics
Programming is essential to autonomous robots
Demand for robots creates demand for computer engineers Robots are essential to achieve efficiency/maximizing proficiency within various industries.
Large societal and environmental impacts
Debates about the "good/bad" associated with them
Economical drawbacks and benefits
All in all, robots are constantly evolving, how we deal with it is the question. Conclusion Robots made by Individuals Robots have had a major societal impact
Have been replacing humans in hazardous/dangerous workplaces
Extremely beneficial in healthcare and automotive industry
Marshall Brain states "The use of robots will increase substantially in the coming years" 3 Laws of Robotics Created by Isaac Asimov for use in science fiction
Must not injure a human being or allow a human being to come to harm
Must obey orders given to it by human beings except where it could conflict with the first law
Must protect its own existence as long as it does not conflict with the first and second law How to prevent malfunctions in robots Malfunctions in robots are tied to programming errors
Usually not due to mechanical error
Read the manual to assess the situation
May be required to send robot to manufacturer
Full transcript