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Using Growing and Learning Theories to Support Learning
Transcript of Using Growing and Learning Theories to Support Learning
Students' Academic Self-Concept: A Case Study
Socialization processes within schools are important for the development of students' self-esteem and academic self-concepts. It is in school that children typically are first directly compared with others in terms of their abilities and first given direct feedback from adults regarding their abilities. Thus, it is with their first introduction to school that most children come to develop a sense of academic competency, which in turn is likely to have important implications for their overall self-esteem.
Because of the widespread use of ability grouping in elementary schools, most academic comparisons are made within this contact. While some schools group entire classrooms according to different ability levels, a more common practice in this country is to divide students within each classroom into smaller instructional groups based on levels of ability. The effect of both across-classroom and within-classroom ability grouping on students' self-images has received considerable research attention. However, the findings up to this point have been mixes. In a study of within-classroom grouping in first-grade classrooms, Weinstein found that assignment to a high group positively affected children's academic self-concepts, while assignment to a low group did not.
Eder, D. (1985). Students’ academic self-concept: A case study. The Elementary School Journal, 54(2),
Discovery of Practical Uses:
1. As a teacher, what are some characteristics of a child who is lacking in social growth?
2. In what ways do educators have a direct impact on the development of their students?
3. What are some ways you can support/encourage social and cognitive growth?
4. How do you, as an educator, know that your students are struggling with a concept and how do you decide when to step in to assist?
5. How can an educator use group activities to enhance the cognitive and social development of their students?
6. How do you differentiate between a student who has poor classroom behavior and a student who is struggling socially and academically? Describe the difference in the behaviors of each.
7. In what ways could you, as the teacher, help a child who is clearly having social difficulties?
8. What are some classroom activities educators may use to enhance the academic and social climate of their classrooms?
9. What activities will engage the development level of your students?
10. In what ways do physical handicaps affect a students social and cognitive abilities?
Characterized by the biological and physiological changes in children birth through adolescence.
Relationship to Social Development
As children's physical abilities increase so does their independence. As their independence increases, so does their need to interact. With these growing physical and cognitive skills, these skills indicate increase self awareness and self regulation.
Relationship to Cognitive Development
Physical development allows for cognitive development to take place. As the brains motor skills develop, so does the child's ability to think cognitively.
Examples: A child's growing ability to read and write.
Interactive Gallery Walk
Divide into groups based on the grade you teach. Each group should draw a figure of a “developing child” in your specified grade level.
You are responsible for providing at least 10 characteristics of physical, cognitive, or social developments based on your grade level.
Teachers will then walk around and look at other groups work and placing a sticky note on others drawing either asking a question or making a comment.
We will come together and allow time for questions to be answered.
What are some ways in which you could adapt this activity to your classroom?
What are some relationships that you have seen between the different developmental stages?
Use this image to help you with your gallery walk!
Classroom benefits of Learning Theories
Knowing the learning theories that relate to physical, cognitive and social development will help you to reach ALL the learning intelligences
Analytical-Remembering and planning
Practical-Problem solving, solutions, apply knowledge
Self Concept: How a child may describe him/herself
Begins when children recognize themselves in the mirror as babies
8-10 months they are able to compare themselves to others
How children see themselves affect the way that they act. When children have positive self concepts, they demonstrate confident and sociable behaviors.