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The Beginning of the Spartacus Slave Rebellion

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kaitlyn antonick

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of The Beginning of the Spartacus Slave Rebellion

Spartacus and His First Battle
What was going on in Rome at the time of the rebellion?
~Pompey was fighting in Spain
~Lucius Licinius Lucullus, the brother of the consul was invading the homeland of King Mithridates
~Antony was about set sail at Crete, to fight pirates
~Gaius Scribonius Curio, became the first general to see the Danube River
~the consuls were Marcus Terentius Varro Lucullus and Gaius Cassius Longinus

Why the rebellion was underestimated?
~A slave revolt in 104 BC was crushed by a minor number of troops in one legion
~Glaber, the general chosen to respond to the revolt, had to pick up troops on the way to battle
~a slave war, was said to be by a Roman, "had a humble and unworthy name."
Who Was Spartacus
The Battle
~Spartacus and his comrades made camp in the crater of Mount Vesuvius.
~Glaber made his camp at the bottom of the mountain and tried to starve out Spartacus.
~instead of starving, Spartacus attacked Glaber's camp at nighttime. He had the advantage of surprise
~Spartacus' gladiators were agile, big, and swift enough, that is a man stoop up to one of them, then the soldier would get cut into pieces
~Spartacus won this battle and several more after
Was it Rome's confidence or their idiotice that caused them to underestimate the rebellion?
~The senate gave Caius Cladius Glaber less troops than they used against the rebellion in 104 BC.
-This was to show their confidence
~They only provided him with less troops, because it was not a
bellum
, or a war, instead it was "a
tumultus
of slaves" (Caesar) , or a sudden outbreak of violence.
~He was born in Thrace, Greece (his year of birth is unknown)
~He worked as a herder in Thrace, but Thrace was conquered by the Romans
~He than joined the Roman army as part of their auxiliary troops
~He deserted the army, but was soon captured and enslaved
~The Romans then gave his another chance, by giving him a gladius, a sword, and he became a gladiator
Epilogue


~ Spartacus' army of 70,000 split into two, he lead half of them to Cisalpine Gaul, where they won
~the other half was defeated in Italy by the Romans
~Spartacus tried to lead his army back into Italy, but they were defeated there by Marcus Licinius Crassus
-Spartacus died in that battle
Full transcript