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The use of humour in the comedy play "Frogs" by Aristophanies
Transcript of The use of humour in the comedy play "Frogs" by Aristophanies
in frogs by Aristophanes Humor At first you would think that the humor being used around 2 and a half thousand years ago would be very different from today's comedy, however this isn't the case, there are many types of humor that were used back in the time of frogs that are still being used today. Satire Is making well known people or ideas look foolish, politicians and philosophers are often victims of comedy satire, the thoughts of the sophists are openly mocked in Frogs. This is still a common theme in today's comedy. "You'll find some pretty unsavory characters wallowing in there; people who have wronged a guest, or had a pretty boy and failed to pay him, or knocked their mothers about, or punched their fathers on the jaw, or committed perjury, or copied out a speech by morsimus" This is evident use of comedy satire, Hercules is insulting a famous figure called Morsimus. He was a tragedian and the great nephew on Aeschylus. parody using parody is to copy scenes and ideas from other places. Often used for poking fun at others. Aristophanes uses this on Euripides, for example. "my tongue swore not my heart"
the effect is lost partially because many pieces of ancient literature have been lost over time. a modern example of this is
epic movie, a 2007 film that is based on parody, it uses existing films such as Narnia, harry potter and pirates of the carribean Impersonation/Stereotyping quite similar to parody, a person will be imitated themselves. This is first noticed in frogs when we see dionysus dressed up badly in a lion skin, to impersonate Hercules. In modern times, Elvis is commonly impersonated. visual humor Simply, things that appear funny. Amusing costumes such as Dionysus's Hercules costume or Hercules and Xanthias pretending to be hurt by Aeacus's whip. looney tunes often uses this type of comedy, with characters such as Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner Verbal humor This is wordplay, such as puns. unfortunately some of the wordplay used in ancient greek comedy is lost in translation, as they are often based on similar sounding words and so do not reach the same effect when not in the original language Many puns rely on words that sound alike for instance, “atheism is a non-prophet [non-profit] organization.” Farce linked with situation comedy and satire, uses characters acting ridiculous and in exaggerated scenarios. An example of this in frogs is when Xanthias and Dionysus are being whipped Topical illusions Meaning jokes to contemporary events these are difficult for us to understand as we were not around in the times of ancient society. However we can sometimes work out the humor in them. Situation Comedy Similar to farce comedy ordinary people put in extra-ordinary circumstances, then reacting in a funny way. the silly situations make us laugh and the way that the character tries to deal with the situation is often humorous. An example in frogs is the whole idea that Dionysus would have to infiltrate the underworld to have to revive Euripides. being a God he should just be able to do it easily or able to ask Pluto, his uncle, to give him Euripides. Countless examples of this can be found in modern day comedy and we can easily relate to it. Character based humor A character that is generally just funny, usually comical by making a fool of themselves.
Xanthias is a comical character in frogs. A good modern example of this would be Alan Davies from QI. surreal humor fantasy Using bizarre and weird ideas, similar to situation comedy. Having strange thing being put into action. For example, the chorus of frogs, or having a journey to the underworld. This kind of humor we can easily relate to. Another modern example would be the Simpsons where people are often put in bizarre scenarios, E.G putting a giant dome over a city to stop pollution Vulgar humor
Easily understood and not classy
sexual gestures An example in frogs being
"A big urge?"
"yes, Molons size"
"for a women?"
"A man then?"
"you did say Cleisthenes was a friend of yours"
This is making sexual innuendos to Dionysus about his sexuality and of those in ancient society. cleistenes was known as a homosexual and renowned for being beardless. Molon was a very large actor. Scatological humor
Means "the study of dung" based on things such as urine excrement ETC. Generally found amusing by a younger audience.
A frogs example would be
"If nobody will take off my pack, I'll fart so hard it'll blow of my back" Many of the types of humor used in Frogs are used to make the audience think about the meaning behind the jokes and not just for entertainment value. Particularly topical comedy and satire. The serious messages in the jokes make people view things in different ways and help people form separate opinions to what they are told to believe. It also clearly gets across the ideas of the playwright. For instance in frogs you can find many references to the sophist movement. Satire