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Transcript of Passive Voice
Active Voice :
When the subject performs the action
e.g And then
The future and modal verbs in the passive
Present Simple :
Passive Voice :
When an action is acted upon by a subject
Passive verb is a form of
+ a passive participle
eg . is baked , was worn
FYI : Some Participles are irregular
their wild pigs, they
every day in a tin trunk and all food is cooked over an open fire.
a factory or
commercial property the Barclays Commercial Policy offers a flexible package of insurances to cover your needs
BBC chairman Marmaduke Hussey returned to Britain yesterday to face a deepening row over the way the corporation
is being run
Present Perfect :
that there are two main competing groups of theories which attempt to explain the rate of inflation.
has been seen
several times over the years
This detail in the story shows that the son
to the depths of despair.
I had to occupy a temporary cage next to them once when mine
was being repaired
the research element of my in-service B Ed course.
There had been a trip to Yorkshire in April and another to the British Aquarist Festival in November, both of which
had been enjoyed
a passive participle
will, be going to, can, must, have to, should, etc.
The first thing you
your Rottweiler puppy is to be clean in the house.
Some of them
are going to teach
, and some are going to stay at Queen's.’
to swim by the age of 11.
them to write verse.’
She even told Sybil that the frog in the school pond was enchanted, and poor Sybil was in such a state that I thought someone
ought to teach
Mildred a lesson.‘
We did not specify lists of terms and concepts which
It is clear that the focus is on what
: the intended curriculum .
The Passive with
We often use it for something happening by accident or unexpectedly.
e.g. ‘You don't go poking a stick at a rattlesnake if you don't want
In negatives and questions
the present simple
,we use a form of
e.g. The windows
We also use
get dressed\ changed , get washed
(= wash oneself),
get engaged\ married\ divorced, get started
(= lose one's way)
e.g. 'That's what you
for,’ Lowe says, sighing
in the rush of column items and other people's fantasies.
The empty Subjects
clean the streets every day.
use this footpath all the time.
should check the details.
took my purse.
The streets are cleaned every day.
This footpath is used all the time.
The details shouls be checked.
My purse wa taken.
I was given ...
He kissed Amelia and gave her a Christmas card.
A Christmas card and a kiss was given to Amelia
Amelia was given some Christmas card and a kiss.
We can also use the following verbs in this structure :
allow, award, fed, give, grant, had, leave (in a will), lend, offer, owe, pay, promise, sell, send, show, teach
It is said that ...
After all, it is said that children grow out of crime and naturally move to independence from their families.
it + passive verb + clause with verbs of reporting.
Here aresome verbs we can use in this structure :
agree, allege, announce, assure believe, consider, decide, expect, explain, hope, know, report, say, suggest, suppose, think, understand
He is said to ...
subject + passive verb + to-infinitive
It was reported that internal differences had been resolved.
Parker is said to be the self-confessed most Left wing man in Britain, an urban warrior with a mission.
We were expected to plan, implement, and evaluate a short teaching programme.
We can use the following verbs in this structure :
believe, expect, find, know, report, say, think, understand
HAVE \ GET Something done or
We can use
in passive structure.
YOU SHOULD HAVE YOUR LIGHTS CHECKED.
Mark usually has his suits cleaned at Supermarcet.
We had had the television repaired only last year.
You' ve had your hair cut .
Our neighbours are having a new garage built.
Is Melanie having a new cooker installed ?
HAVE SOMETHING DONE
We can use the perfect or the continuous
(have had, are having)
In negatives and questions in simple tenses we use form of do
e.g Mark doesnt' have his suits cleaned at supermarket.
We can also use
GET SOMETHING DONE
e.g. We must
another key made \ We must
another key made
is more informal than
We can also use
with a meaning 'experience something', often something unpleasant
all our money stolen
her luggage searched in customs
1. John Eastwood . Oxfprd Practice Grammar (1999) Oxford University Press
2. Ann Pikver . Grammar is easy ! (2012) Zvaigzne ABC
Active and Passive forms
During August I agreed
to be interviewed
by World in Action in Manchester.
I don't particularly enjoy
Active forms with passive meaning
The active ing-formrm after
has a passive meaning
e.g. If this thing of mine is a machine, it certainly
oiling ( = needs to be oiled)
Sometime use ans active
, when it is talk about
job to be done.
've got some letters to write
but if the subject is not a person, then we use a passive infinitive.
are to be written today.
We can use th structure
to give an order.
After the subject
, we can use either
is a bill
to be paid
1. Yankee Stadium ______(build) in 1922.
2. The business _______(own) by the regional independent television companies.
3. It ______(use) as a warehouse when it_____(buy) by the Council in 1952, and it _______(not look) very well.
4. Yes we believe that human life________ (Prolong) by this drug
(Put in the correct form of the verbs i barckets)
Exercise : Rewrite these sentences using. Passive voice.
1. Someone reported that the situation was under control
2. David went to the hospital. A nurse bandaged his arm.
3. Does the police officer catch the thief?
4. You do not write the letter.
5.They would take the opportunity.
6.She will not have read the book. -
7.She would not have noticed the mistake
8.The saltwater eventually corroded the metal beams.
Answers> 1. was built 2. is owned.
3.was being used. /was bought / hadn't been looked. 4. can be prolonged.
1. The situation was reported to be under control.
2. David (has) had his arm bandaged.
3. Is the thief caught by the police officer?
4. The letter is not written by you
5.- The opportunity would be taken by them
6. The book will not have been read by her.
7.The mistake would not have been noticed by her
8.The metal beams were eventually corroded by the saltwater.