Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Passive Voice

No description
by

una avina

on 23 April 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Passive Voice

Passive Voice
Voice
Active Voice :
When the subject performs the action

e.g And then
she
played

the piano
later.

The future and modal verbs in the passive
Verb Tenses
Present Simple :
Subject
comes before
the action
and
object
Passive Voice :
When an action is acted upon by a subject

e.g.
Martin Baptie
was
played
by a
local actor
object
comes befote
the action
and
subject
Introduction :
Passive verb is a form of

be

+ a passive participle

eg . is baked , was worn
.


FYI : Some Participles are irregular
The islanders
kill

their wild pigs, they
fish
, they
bake
their breadfruit.
Active:
Passive:
Bread
is

baked
every day in a tin trunk and all food is cooked over an open fire.
Present Continious:
Active:
Passive:
If you
are running

a factory or
owning

commercial property the Barclays Commercial Policy offers a flexible package of insurances to cover your needs
BBC chairman Marmaduke Hussey returned to Britain yesterday to face a deepening row over the way the corporation
is being run
Present Perfect :
Active:
Passive:
We
have seen
that there are two main competing groups of theories which attempt to explain the rate of inflation.
She
has been seen
several times over the years
Past Simple:
Active:
Passive:
Then they
drove
home.
This detail in the story shows that the son
was driven
to the depths of despair.
Past Continuous:
Active:
Passive:
Some
were repairing
the fence.
I had to occupy a temporary cage next to them once when mine
was being repaired
.
Past Perfect:
Active:
Passive:
Secondly, I
had enjoyed
the research element of my in-service B Ed course.
There had been a trip to Yorkshire in April and another to the British Aquarist Festival in November, both of which
had been enjoyed
by all.
We use
be
+
a passive participle
after
will, be going to, can, must, have to, should, etc.
Future
Active
Passive
The first thing you
will teach
your Rottweiler puppy is to be clean in the house.
Some of them
are going to teach
, and some are going to stay at Queen's.’

All pupils
will

be
taught
to swim by the age of 11.






Modal verb
We
should teach
them to write verse.’
She even told Sybil that the frog in the school pond was enchanted, and poor Sybil was in such a state that I thought someone
ought to teach
Mildred a lesson.‘
We did not specify lists of terms and concepts which
should

be

taught
.
It is clear that the focus is on what
ought

to be

taught
: the intended curriculum .
The Passive with
GET

Get
is informal.
We often use it for something happening by accident or unexpectedly.
e.g. ‘You don't go poking a stick at a rattlesnake if you don't want
to

get
bitten
.’
In negatives and questions
in
the present simple
and
past simple
,we use a form of
do .

e.g. The windows
don't

get

cleaned
very often.
How
did
the painting
get

demaged.
We also use
get
in
these expressions
:
get dressed\ changed , get washed
(= wash oneself),
get engaged\ married\ divorced, get started
(=start),
get lost
(= lose one's way)
e.g. 'That's what you

get

married
for,’ Lowe says, sighing
His work
got

lost
in the rush of column items and other people's fantasies.
(The agent)
(the agent)
The empty Subjects
Active:
Passive:
They
clean the streets every day.


People
use this footpath all the time.
You\One
should check the details.
Someone
took my purse.
The streets are cleaned every day.


This footpath is used all the time.
The details shouls be checked.
My purse wa taken.
Passive structures
I was given ...
He kissed Amelia and gave her a Christmas card.
A Christmas card and a kiss was given to Amelia
Amelia was given some Christmas card and a kiss.
We can also use the following verbs in this structure :
allow, award, fed, give, grant, had, leave (in a will), lend, offer, owe, pay, promise, sell, send, show, teach
It is said that ...
After all, it is said that children grow out of crime and naturally move to independence from their families.
it + passive verb + clause with verbs of reporting.
Here aresome verbs we can use in this structure :
agree, allege, announce, assure believe, consider, decide, expect, explain, hope, know, report, say, suggest, suppose, think, understand
He is said to ...
subject + passive verb + to-infinitive
It was reported that internal differences had been resolved.
Parker is said to be the self-confessed most Left wing man in Britain, an urban warrior with a mission.

We were expected to plan, implement, and evaluate a short teaching programme.
We can use the following verbs in this structure :
believe, expect, find, know, report, say, think, understand
HAVE \ GET Something done or
We can use
HAVE
in passive structure.
YOU SHOULD HAVE YOUR LIGHTS CHECKED.

Mark usually has his suits cleaned at Supermarcet.

We had had the television repaired only last year.

You' ve had your hair cut .

Our neighbours are having a new garage built.

Is Melanie having a new cooker installed ?
HAVE SOMETHING DONE

We can use the perfect or the continuous
(have had, are having)
In negatives and questions in simple tenses we use form of do
e.g Mark doesnt' have his suits cleaned at supermarket.
We can also use
GET SOMETHING DONE
e.g. We must
have
another key made \ We must
get
another key made
Get

is more informal than
have
We can also use
HAVE
with a meaning 'experience something', often something unpleasant
e.g. We
had
all our money stolen



Claire
had
her luggage searched in customs
Resources
1. John Eastwood . Oxfprd Practice Grammar (1999) Oxford University Press
2. Ann Pikver . Grammar is easy ! (2012) Zvaigzne ABC
3. https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive
Active and Passive forms
to infinitive
During August I agreed
to be interviewed
by World in Action in Manchester.
ing form
I don't particularly enjoy
being
famous.
Active forms with passive meaning
The active ing-formrm after
need
has a passive meaning
e.g. If this thing of mine is a machine, it certainly
needs
oiling ( = needs to be oiled)
Sometime use ans active
to-infinitive
, when it is talk about
job to be done.
I
've got some letters to write
but if the subject is not a person, then we use a passive infinitive.
The letters
are to be written today.
We can use th structure
be
+
to-infinitive
to give an order.
The matter
is to
be
given
top priority
You
are
not
to drive
too fast
After the subject
there
, we can use either
an active
or
a passive

to-infinitive
There
is a bill
to pay
/
to be paid
Exercise.
1. Yankee Stadium ______(build) in 1922.
2. The business _______(own) by the regional independent television companies.
3. It ______(use) as a warehouse when it_____(buy) by the Council in 1952, and it _______(not look) very well.
4. Yes we believe that human life________ (Prolong) by this drug
(Put in the correct form of the verbs i barckets)
Exercise : Rewrite these sentences using. Passive voice.

1. Someone reported that the situation was under control
2. David went to the hospital. A nurse bandaged his arm.
3. Does the police officer catch the thief?
4. You do not write the letter.
5.They would take the opportunity.
6.She will not have read the book. -
7.She would not have noticed the mistake
8.The saltwater eventually corroded the metal beams.
Answers> 1. was built 2. is owned.
3.was being used. /was bought / hadn't been looked. 4. can be prolonged.
Answers

1. The situation was reported to be under control.
2. David (has) had his arm bandaged.
3. Is the thief caught by the police officer?
4. The letter is not written by you
5.- The opportunity would be taken by them
6. The book will not have been read by her.
7.The mistake would not have been noticed by her
8.The metal beams were eventually corroded by the saltwater.
Full transcript