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Transcript of Influenza_Residents
A respiratory illness
It is caused by a virus--there can be multiple strains (types)
Most cases occur between November and April
4000- 8000 Canadians die every year due to pneumonia related to the flu How is it Spread? The virus is spread through droplets When someone sneezes or cough viruses are sent into the air Then, when someone breathes this air, viruses can enter their body through their nose, mouth or even their eyes Viruses are also found on peoples hand. These can then be left on touched surfaces (doorknobs, tables, cutlery...) You can get influenza from shaking hands or touching surfaces that have the virus on them. Most Common : cough and fever Other Common Symptoms: Fatigue
Runny nose Rarely: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea Most will recover within a week
Some are at risk for severe complication including:
People over 65 years old
People with other medical conditions (chronic respiratory disease,heart/kidney disease, diabetes...) Pieces of inactivated (dead) influenza viruses
Every year, in the fall, there is a new vaccine for the flu
The vaccine causes the body to produce antibodies against the virus
It helps prevent infection and decrease the severity of illness How can you Minimize your Risks of getting sick HOW TO PREVENT Hand Washing Infection Control Immunization (the flu shot) Wash hands well and often Wash thoroughly with soap and warm water OR use an hand sanitizer Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or tissue, not your hands Avoid touching your eyes or mouth (germs can be spread that way Make sure items are kept clean Is the most effective way to get protection against the flu It help your body prepare to fight the flu virus Must be vaccinated each fall, the vaccine changes every year People greater than 65 and living in a long term care facility should especially get the vaccine More Information about the Flu Shot It can help prevent people from getting sick in about 70- 90 % of cases It helps decrease the incidence of pneumonia It takes about 2 weeks for the body to develop protection The flu vaccine does not protect against colds Some people will still develop the flu, but symptoms will be much milder Can the vaccine cause the flu? No. There are no live viruses in the vaccine. There can be side effects including: soreness, fatigue, muscle ache and fever QUESTIONS? Thank You! References Health Canada. 2009. It's Your Health: Influenza (the "flu").
York Region Public Health. 2012. Influenza Vaccine Fact Sheet 2012/ 2013. http://www.york.ca/NR/rdonlyres/4lf4yrumpypj2tfrxtlc4had5n5iwl5ous723qqw3qtplfvhfh5qz7fwb2rg7stqw7upvzbcrrujgvyzmotb2gzjnf/12-13+Influenza+Vaccine+Fact+Sheet.pdf
York Region Public Health. 2012. Seasonal Flu: Prevention and Symptoms. http://www.york.ca/Services/Public+Health+and+Safety/Seasonal+Flu+-+Prevention+and+Symptoms.htm