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World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 1

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Bryan Poepperling

on 5 May 2013

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Transcript of World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 1

World Cultures Chapter 14
Australia and
Oceania Lesson 1: Geography of Australia and
New Zealand
Mr. Poepperling Welcome to Australia and New Zealand! - World’s largest island and smallest continent
-- The size of mainland United States Busiest port; Symbol of Australia Sydney Opera House An Isolated Continent
- World’s largest island and smallest continent
- Once part of Asia – 25 million years ago
- Australia is home to the kangaroo, koala bear, and duck-billed platypus.
- Modern Transportation and communications
- Only thing that helped Australian societies develop outside relations Landforms
- Plateau, lowlands, highlands and coastal rim
Western Plateau
- Covers most of western Australia
- Broken up by huge outcrops of rock
- Ayers Rock juts 1,145 feet above the surrounding land Central lowlands
- East of the plateau
- North to south – Great Dividing Range
Coastal rim is home to Australia's largest cities
- 87% of the population live in or near cities
- Few live in the Outback. Climate and Resources
- Northern Third of the continent – tropics
The rest of Australia is in a temperate zone
- Climate is based on amount and distribution of rainfall Rainfall
- The Great Dividing Range forms the “rain shadow.”
- Winds blow moist air in from the Pacific
- It rises and cools
- Releasing moisture on the eastern side
Eastern coastal rim receives an abundance of rainfall
- Coastal areas are the only parts that can support large-scale farming Geography of Australia and New Zealand Australia and Oceania The Blue Mountains are beautiful and a magnificent natural site in Australia. The name, Blue Mountains comes from the bluish haze that is regularly spread over the forest. Check out this Australia and Oceania Virtual Field Trip! Grasslands
- West of the Great Dividing Range
Outback
- Sand and gravel
- Heavy seasonal rains
- Rain rapidly dries up
- Cycle of Flood and Drought has
leached nutrients from the soil Agriculture Resources
- Australians have struggled to overcome a scarce water supply, poor soil and rugged land
- Interior Grasslands – sheep
- ¼ of the world’s wool and exports large quantities of meat
Northern and eastern parts of the Outback – cattle
- Irrigation is needed to grow wheat, sugar cane, cotton, and other crops Mineral Resources
- 1850s and 1880s - Discovery of Gold
- Settlers
- Coal iron ore, copper, zinc, uranium and lead supported economic development
- Leading exporter of bauxite – aluminum
- Large oil and natural gas deposits in the interior and offshore. New Zealand
- Island nation
- Two large islands – North and South Island
- Mountainous and green
- Most New Zealanders live along coasts
- in urban areas North Island
- 70% of New Zealanders live here
- Warmer weather, more rainfall and fewer high mountains than the South Island - Sheep and Cattle – excellent pasture
- Export – wool and meat
- Canterbury Plain
- Vegetables, fruits and grains
- Mineral Resources
- Coal, natural gas and gold
- Geothermal energy
- Heat that is released naturally in geysers, hot springs and volcanoes. Resources Anzac Day
- Is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand, originally commemorated by both countries on 25 April every year to honor the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. Australia is the world’s largest__?__ but smallest__?__ Ticket off of
the Island True or False: 87% of Australia’s population live in the Outback. Australia is the leading exporter of this mineral resource… Climate is based on the amount and distribution of this……… Busiest port in Australia? Creates a rain shadow in the eastern coastal area of Australia? Australia Capital City: Canberra New Zealand Capital City: Wellington Standards and Objectives - 7.3.9.A: Explain the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria: population, culture, settlement, economic activities, and political activities

- 7.2.12.A: Analyze the physical characteristics of places and regions, including the interrelationships among the components of Earth’s physical systems

- 8.4.W.A: Evaluate the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history What we will learn about:
- The geography of Australia and New Zealand
- The climate and resources of Australia and New Zealand
- The human population and culture of both countries *Map Activity*
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