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The 1930's Great Depression in Alabama
Transcript of The 1930's Great Depression in Alabama
By Ethan Brown and Paul Sung
The Average Family...
The Recovery (1933-1939)
The Great Depression was...
-A worldwide phenomenon that happened on October 24th, 1929 when banks and stock markets crashed losing about 30 billion dollars.
-In the Southern states, during the Great Depression, most people would have no electricity, no running water, and no indoor privies.
What was the Great Depression?
1930's Great Depression in Alabama
-This mainly affected the U.S.A and Germany. The Great Depression harshly affected the Southern parts of America. (Georgia, Alabama, Florida)
-The Southern states including Alabama would try and regain money by growing and selling cotton, tobacco, and other products.
-Larger land owners were able to ride the Great Depression by hiring farmers who made the switch from cotton to, soybeans, peanuts, corn, and livestock.
-More industries were impacted other than the agricultural such as the Birmingham industrial district. When Birmingham's district was hit, the employment rate dropped from 100000 to 15000.
-Children usually went to school in bare feet and always had some sort of disease such as ringworm or something else.
-Men and older boys were usually hired by the New Deal's programs such as the Civil Work Administration (CWA). Which repaired bridges and buildings.
-The other program was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Which hired 67000 people to do manual labor in the development of natural resources.
-Food was very difficult to get since money was tight, there were usually places where you could stand in line to get free bread, or food
-Women would fill the men jobs, such as working in factories
-The government stirved to solve the unemployment by adding more jobs. On March 31st, 1933, the CWA allowed about 4 million people in America to become employed
So as you can see, the Great Depression was a horrific part of time, in history. Both rich and poor, and white and black suffered. People in Southern America were not very rich to begin with, and the Great Depression brought starvation, unemployment, and fear into everyone.
-The unemployment percentage went down from 25% to 15% at about 1940
-Women took whatever jobs they could, and sold whatever they could find to help fund the family.
-There were two "New Deals" made by president Roosevelt, to help solve the Great Depression
- First deal mainly consisted of new jobs to help unemployment, such as the
CWA, also the first deal helped in trying to fund the agriculture and banking industries
-The second New Deal consisted of welfare benefits for the people and the WPA (works progress administration). For example, widows aged 65+ would receive small amounts of money.
First New Deal and Second New Deal