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Transcript of Pro-Choice
•Targeted Regulation of Abortion Provider
•Established in 1980
•State laws that ensure abortion providers have specific rules and regulations.
•Laws created to protect women's health but also designed to regulate all aspects of the business operations of abortion providers.
(Medoff and Dennis, 2009, p. 953)
The Consequences of TRAP Laws
According to the National Abortion Federation TRAP Laws:
•“Single out abortion providers for medically unnecessary, politically motivated state regulations.”
•“Stigmatize and burden abortion providers.”
The True Purpose of TRAP Laws
World Wide (196 Countries)
68 countries currently prohibit abortion entirely or permit it only to save a woman’s life.
60 Countries allow a woman to decide whether to terminate pregnancy
14 permit it for socioeconomic reasons
39% of the world’s population live in countries with highly restrictive laws governing abortion
(Finer and Fine, 2013, p.e1)
Women should have the right to make the CHOICE to get an abortion or not.
This choice should not be made for her indirectly through policies, and laws established by policy makers.
SOC 385 -01
Exa Boswell & Brianna Gay
Abortion Policies & Laws in the U.S.
Abortion was illegal before 1973
"Since then the public concern for abortion has increased" (Wahlstorm, 2010, p.254).
Despite the legalization of abortion there are laws that restrict the act of abortion, thus affecting institutions that offer abortions and women’s right to CHOICE.
•The laws and regulations created by TRAP are essentially used to covertly force institutions that offer abortions out of business.
The Hyde Amendment
•Enacted in 1977
•Limited what abortion procedures are covered under Medicaid.
•As of 2006:
Medicaid covers abortions for pregnancies
resulting from rape, incest, and life endangerment.
(National Abortion Federation, 2006)
When children are born to women who are unequipped and ill prepared to be a parent among other things, it is not conducive to raising an emotionally and physically healthy child.
In "The Value of Choice and the Choice to Value" Hursthouse (2013) States...
"Some abortions do not reflect a vicious character: in fact some abortions are obtained for reasons that manifest virtues such as responsibility and care" (Manninen, 2013,p.667).
Where do you stand?
World Health Organization evidence Illustrates:
"When access to abortion is highly restricted, many women seek unsafe procedures to terminate their pregnancies, resulting in high rates of maternal morality and morbidity." (Finer and Fine, 2013,p.e2)
Wrongful life and abortion theorists argue.....
"Wrongful life and abortion theories suggest that the rights of future people not be subjected to a harmful existence and the rights of women to approve/refuse an abortion".
"In specific cases, abortion is considered as irresponsible and morally wrong while on the other hand critics view abortion as being honest about the inability to fulfill the requirements of motherhood to a fetus at the time" (Wahlstrom, 2013,p.259).
"Abortion policy is often overtly based on assumptions about unintended pregnancy rather than other complexities of pregnancy such as anomalies or negative effects on women's health" (McCoyd, 2008, p.134).
"Each year, almost half of all pregnancies among American women are unintended. About half of these unplanned pregnancies, 1.3 million each year, are ended by abortion" (National Abortion Federation).
(Manninen, 2013, p.667)
Education, Residence, and Income
Of the women obtaining abortions in 2000
57% had some college education
88% were from metropolitan ares
57% percent were low-income
National Abortion Federation ,
Women are using abortion as a method of birth control
National Abortion Federation,
Brown, L.M., National Abortion Federation. (2007). The Trap: Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers. Retrieved from:
Echevarria, L. (2013, Summer). Pro-abortion rhetoric: From “pro-choice” to…? Human Life
Review, 39, 27-38.
Finer, L., & Fine. J.B. (February 14, 2013). Abortion Law Around the World: Progress and Pushback. American Journal of
Manninen, B. (2013). The Value of Choice and the Choice to Value: Expanding the Discussion about Fetal Life within
Prochoice Advocacy. Hypatia, 28 (3), 663-683.
McCoyd, J.L.M. (2010). Women in No Man’s Land: The Abortion Debate in the USA and Women Terminating Desired
Pregnancies Due to Foetal Anomaly. British Journal of Social Work, 40, 133-153.
Medoff, M.H., & DENNIS, C. (2011). TRAP Abortion Laws and Partisan Political Party Control of State Government.
American Journal of Economics & Sociology , 70(40), 951-973.
National Abortion Federation. (2006). Public Funding for Abortion: Medicaid and the Hyde Amendment. Retrieved from:
Walhstrom, H. (2013). Reproduction, Politics, and John Irving’s The Cider House Rules: Women’s Rights or “Fetal Rights”?.
Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, 5251-271.
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TRAP Law Consequences