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Copy of Spain's Foreign and Security Policy

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by

Daniel Jones

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Spain's Foreign and Security Policy

Europeanisation, Atlanticism and Westernisation Spanish Foreign & Security Policy Spain's Autonomous Communities Prime Ministers of the Spanish Government Adolfo Suárez González

Unión del Centro Democrático
(Union of the Democratic Centre)

1977 - 1981 Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo y Bustelo

Unión del Centro Democrático
(Union of the Democratic Centre)

1981-1982 Felipe González Márquez

Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)

1982-1996 José María Aznar López

Partido Popular (PP)

1996 - 2004 José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero

Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)

2004 -2011 Mariano Rajoy

Partido Popular (PP)

2011 - Present Franco's Authoritarian Rule Advocated isolationist international policy
Whilst Cold War took place between West and Communist East, taught Spaniards that they were 'different'.
Conservative and Socialist governments have sought to ameliorate Spain's international image in different ways as a result Pursuit of closer relations with the United States.
Influenced by Franco's authoritarian rule and a belief national pride should be achieved through economic rather than political ends.
Advocated Atlanticism, as demonstrated through support of Iraq war.
Current PP government seems to be moving further towards Europe? Spanish Foreign Policy under the Partido Popular Spanish Foreign Policy under PSOE Rejected cordial relations with the U.S. owing to its close relations with Franco
Saw Franco's isolationist policy as his original sin and closer relations with Europe as only way to improve Spain's international image
Reversed Spain's position on Iraq war through election of Zapatero government in 2004
Cordial relations with US broken as a result PSOE's volte-face in Spain's Nato Membership EC MS correlated NATO membership with EC accession
Referendum in favour of Spanish NATO membership
PSOE kept Spain in Nato The Europeanisation of
Spanish Foreign and Security Policy Successfully 'uploaded' foreign policy interests - especially with regards to Latin America
Outcomes not always been the ones Spain would have wanted - especially as far as the conflict of the enclave of Perejil is concerned
Europeanisation can only be considered to be one factor which influences creation of Spanish foreign and security policy - ideas and interpretations of history have to be taken into account. Contemporary Foreign and Security Challenges Ever-persistent but diminishing threat of ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna)
Cooperation with France to weaken ETA
Bombings on Madrid Atocha train station -11-M
Weakened capacity to fight Islamic terrorism due to diverging interpretations between PP and PSOE Conclusions Franco's authoritarian rule has greatly influenced the way parties in democratic Spain pursue foreign and security policy interests
The Conservative Party (PP) has advocated closer relations with the USA, whereas the Socialist Party (PSOE) has championed European integration
The financial crisis has incited the current government to move closer to Europe
Europeanisation can only serve as one explanation as to the creation of Spanish foreign and security policy Questions? Spain's Autonomous Communities
Full transcript