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Characteristics of the Romantic Period

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Kennedy Castleberry

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of Characteristics of the Romantic Period

Philosophical Revolution
the revolutionary ideas that began to take over Europe and America during the 19th century which had roots in the ideas of political and social philosophers John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau
Industrial Revolution
began in Great Britain in the second half of the 18th century
was a result of advances in the coal and steel industries, mass production, and improvement of transportation due to the development of steam engines
Literary Revolution
gothic novel was a popular form of writing
novel originated, which caused romantic love to become a central subject of poetry and drama
included writers such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Percy, Shelley, and Keats
their works make up the concept of romanticism
Major Characteristics of Literature in the Romantic Era
1. Nature
2. Personal Emotions
3. Beauty
4. Powerful Feelings
5. Spirit and the Supernatural
"And now there came both mist and snow,
And it grew wondrous cold:
And ice, mast-high, came floating by,
As green as emerald."
-Samuel Coleridge, "Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner", lines 51-54
Political Revolution
also inspired by Locke and Rousseau
led to the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the success of the French Revolution
1. Nature
"Steady thy laden head across a brook;
Or by a cyder-press, with patient look,
Thou watchest the last oozings, hours by hours."
- John Keats "Ode to Autumn",
lines 20-22
Characteristics of the Romantic Period
Scientific Revolution
included men such as Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx, and Charles Darwin
their ideas began to generate theological confusion with the proposal of communism and the questioning of Christianity
"Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns,
And the round ocean and the living air,
And the blue sky, and in the mind of man."
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge "Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey", lines 97-99
2. Personal Emotions
Each writer from this time period related their personal emotions to their poetry.
Whether in a state of depression or extreme happiness, these writers expressed their emotions through their written works.
"My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains"
- John Keats "Ode to Nightingale", Line 1
"The frost performs its secret ministry"
- Samuel Coleridge, "Frost at Midnight" Line 1
"And wildly glittered here and there The gems entangled in her hair.
I guess, 't was frightful there to see A lady so richly clad as she- Beautiful exceedingly!"
- William Wordsworth's "Christabel", Lines 66-70
"Beauty is truth, truth beauty," -that is all
Ye know on earth, and ye need to know."
- John Keats, "Ode to a Grecian Urn" Lines 49-50

In these lines, Keats describes beauty as the only truthful thing worth knowing on this earth.
"My babe so beautiful ! it thrills my heart
With tender gladness, thus to look at thee."
- Samuel Coleridge, "Frost at Midnight", Lines 51-52
4. Powerful Feelings
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
In his poem "Frost at Midnight", Coleridge reveals powerful emotion through the speaker's passionate love for his newborn child.
William Wordsworth
Wordsworth believed that the closer one became with nature the closer they would in turn become to God. This powerful feeling is shown through his poem "Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey."
5. Spirit and the Supernatural
"Outside her kennel the mastiff old
Lay fast asleep, in moonshine cold.
The mastiff old did not awake,
Yet she an angry moan did make.
And what can ail the mastiff bitch?
Never till now she uttered yell"

-Samuel Coleridge "Christabel"
"Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner"
"Her lips were red, her looks were free,
Her locks were yellow as gold:
Her skin was as white as leprosy,
The Night-mare LIFE-IN-DEATH was she,
Who thicks man's blood with cold."
The Romantic Period (1785-1830) was a period of revolution, progress and hope for the future.
The Romantic Era consisted of the philosophical, political, scientific, industrial, and literary revolutions.

This is one example of how Keats includes personal emotion into his writings.
Keats had an ample amount of emotion ready to be poured into his works due to the fact that he had many deaths in his family and loved a woman that did not love him back.
In this line, Coleridge uses the frost's performance to symbolize a crisp, new beginning.
At this time in his life, Coleridge had experienced difficult times and was longing for a fresh start.
"Darkling I listen; and, for many a time
I have been half in love with easeful Death,
Call'd him soft names in many a mused rhyme,
To take into the air my quiet breath;
Now more than ever seems it rich to die,
To cease upon the midnight with no pain,"
-John Keats "Ode to a Nightingale", Lines 51-56
The hardships of John Keats' life resulted in the presence of powerful emotions, such as death.
John Keats
"The souls did from their bodies fly,-
They fled to bliss or woe!
And every soul, it passed me by, Like the whizz of my cross-bow!"
By: Jordan Walker and Kennedy Castleberry
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