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The History of Fingerprints

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Schueler Stevens

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of The History of Fingerprints

The History of Fingerprints By: Schueler Stevens China's T'ang Dynasty 19th Century 1877 1881 1891-1892 1880 1897 The science of dactyloscopy, the study of fingerprints really started in India with William Herschel. Herschel introduced the use of fingerprints as a means of identifying prisoners Henry Faulds, a health missionary in Tokyo published a scientific paper about the possibility of using fingerprints to identify criminals. He thought fingerprints were unique, he also said that they always stayed the same and could be classified for sorting purposes in identifying people. He was the first to use fingerprinting to solve a crime Alphonse Bertillon suggested using certain body measurements as discriminating characteristics to identify habitual offenders. Recommended 11 measurements: height, reach, width of head, length of foot, and so on. This is called anthropometry. Francis Galton published two books in which he showed how to classify fingerprints using loops, whorls, and arches, as well as a secondary, more complex method. More importantly he showed that a person's fingerprints stay the same from birth until death, that no two fingerprints are identical. Working with Galton, Edward Richard Henry simplified Galton's classification system of identification in India, replacing Bertillon's method. 8th century A.D Clerk's used inked fingerprints on business contracts Scotland Yard adopted Henry's system . Then, Juan Vucetich set up a workable fingerprint classification system based on Galton's method that had been refined and is used in Spanish-speaking countries.Vucetich officially identified a criminal using fingerprints during this time 1901 The fingerprint system was adopted by a number of agencies in the United States. In 1924 the Identification Division of the FBI was formed; by 1946 it held 100 million fingerprint card. Currently, the FBI has more than 250 million sets of fingerprint records. The Early 1900s and Today
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