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The Scientific Revolution
Transcript of The Scientific Revolution
1. Why might people have difficult accepting new ideas or ways of thinking?
2. What are the risks of embracing a different idea? What are some risks of always refusing to do so?
Truth before 1500
Greek and Roman texts
The Bible and Church
Truth comes from:
The Medieval View of the World
Aristotle's Geocentric Theory:
The earth is the center of the universe
A New Way of Thinking
A willingness to question accepted beliefs
How it Spread
Age of Exploration:
Discovery of new unknown lands and people
Fueled research in astronomy and math
Navigators needed better instruments
Copernicus Sparks a Revolution
Polish cleric and astronomer
Curious about the universe
Developed the Heliocentric Theory
Feared scholars and clergy
Published findings in 1543, last year of his life
Tycho Brahe recorded movement of planets
Johannes Kepler proved planetary orbits are elliptical with math
Built telescope in 1609
Supported Copernicus's ideas
The sun has dark spots, the moon's surface is rough
Galileo and the Church
Galileo's ideas scared the church
If the Church was wrong about this...what else were they wrong about?
Galileo published a book in 1632
Angry Pope called him before the inquisition
Galileo on Trial
In 1633, Confesses under threat of torture
House arrest until death in 1642
"With sincere heart and unpretended faith I abjure, curse, and detest the aforesaid errors and heresies [of Copernicus] and also every other error...contrary to the Holy Church, and I swear that in the future I will never again say or assert...anything that might cause a similar suspicion toward me."
The Scientific Method
Urged people to break from Aristotle
Promoted "Empiricism", or experimental method
Linked Algebra and Geometry
Relied on math and logic, not experiments
Everything should be doubted until proven with evidence
"I think, therefore I am"
Studied math and physics
Confident in gravity by age 26
Theory of Gravity published in 1687
The Revolution Spreads
1590- First microscope invented
1670s- Bacteria and red blood cells observed
1643- First mercury barometer (weather)
1715- Gabriel Fahrenheit invents first thermometer
Medicine and Chemistry
1543, Published detailed drawings of human organs, bones, and muscles
Developed the first vaccine to prevent smallpox
Used cowpox to create the "innoculation"
Founder of modern chemistry
Challenged Aristotle's belief in only 4 elements