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Medea

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Medea Group

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Medea

History
The Pelopponesian War
parallels the events of Jason and Medea's relationship
Euripides
"The Greatest of the Greek Playwrights"
City Dionysia
Metaphor
"Brail up the canvas and with shortened sail run out from under your noisy squall of words"

Medea
Metonymy
ln 120
"...a child of my own seed"
L375
"Should see you and your children on my soil.."
Soil=Thebes
"But what you said against the royal house" (ln 483)
royal house=Creon and his
daughter Glauce

"House ___" is commonly a replacement for family, usually of noble descent or high status
Synecdoche
"Where I need not have harmed a soul, I did" (ln 541)
a soul: a person

the soul represents all of the person
Jason is comparing himself to a skillful captain who can get out of bad situations.
Metaphor
"I chose the hand of the enemy who was going to destroy me, a tiger, a savage, not a woman."
Jason is comparing Medea to a tiger, meaning shes ruthless.
Simile
"From staring at the ground, deaf as a stone or wave of the sea[...]"
The nurse is explaining Medea, saying she doesn't listen to reason.
Simile
"Like a savage beast with new born young[...]"
The nurse describes Medea as defensive.
Aegeus has just returned from the oracle at Delphi to ask for a child
of my own seed= a child of my own

seed is closely associated with fertility, and therefore reproduction
effective, because the soul is the essence of a person
also, the harm Medea did to the daughters of Pelias was mental, not physical per se, so the soul is more fitting than the body
Timeline
449 BCE- end of Persian War

433 BCE- Athens supports Corcyra, which threatens Corinth

432 BCE- Corinth assits Potidaean rebellion
431 BCE- Pelopponesian League declares war on Athens

431 BCE- invasion of Attica, but Athens untouched

430 BCE- plague in Athens, leaders die

425 BCE- Athens occupies Pylos, Sparta sues for peace

WAR CONTINUES UNTIL 421
Apostrophe
"Oh my children, dear sons"
(line 1422)
Jason is calling for his dead sons, but they aren't going to answer
"O Chastity, the gods' best gift, embrace me"
(line 684)
The Chorus is calling on Chasity, asking for hope. Chasity is not there, nor will he answer.
Creon has just exiled Medea for the threats on Jason and his daughter
The soil of Greece was poor for farming, and the fertile land was dedicated to the production of wine grapes and olives
The soil is another symbol of fertility, and its use is tied to Dioynsus, the god that City Dioynisia is named after

May also symbolize Jason's fondness of his bride-to-be, just as a farmer loves fertile land
Jason is confronting Medea to explain his reasons for marrying Glauce
"The water in rivers flows
uphill. From now, upstream
means down"
Paradox/Oxymoron
Medea has just made plans for revenge on Jason, and Creon.The chorus uses this paradox to show that things have turned around,and Medea is determined to get revenge.
"What painful comfort!"
Medea says this to Jason while he is trying to persuade her that his marrying another woman was something he did to keep her and the children safe.
protagonist dies in Antigone

alternates between scenes and odes

chorus is voice of myth and body politic

more about not betraying the gods wishes

Creon is the tragic hero
Antigone
important characters die

both have a parados

both have an outlook of women as inferior to men

both have a prologue giving backstory or introducing conflict

strong-willed female protagonists
Similarities
Medea
protagonist doesn't die

mostly scenes, but odes start after scene 4

chorus' main role is as character

about getting and seeking revenge

Jason is the tragic hero
Themes
Jealousy and betrayal lead to strife, and ultimately grief.

Jealousy can drastically change people's behavior.

Relationships cannot function without communication.

Sudden changes in behavior can hide a deeper purpose.
Starts in the spring

Dedicated to the youngest god, Dioynsus

Playwrights compete with four others, submitting their works to the elected officials

These officials appoint a choregos, a rich citizen that pays for the training and costuming of the often unpaid chorus, which early on could be 50 strong but was later reduced to 12-15 members


Time line
480 BC- Euripides is born

455 BC- First play (Daughters of Pelias)

431 BC- Peloponnesian War begins

422 BC- Wins 1st Literary Competition

406 BC- Euripides dies

1920's- Euripides' plays start appearing on Broadway
Euripides' plays include:
Medea
Andromache
Heraclidae
Hippolytus
Hecuba
Suppliants
Heracle
Trojan Women
Bacchae
Alcestis
Ion
Iphigenia at Tauris
Helen
Electra
Phoenician Women
Orestes
Iphigenia at Aulis
421 BCE- Peace of Nicias

415 BCE- Campaign against Sicily

413 BCE- Athens defeated at Syracuse

413 BCE- Sparta reinvades Attica and rebuilds fleet

411- 408 BCE- various Athenian difficulties

410 BCE- Athenian victory at Battle of Cyzius
406 BCE- last Athenian victory

405 BCE- Athens crushed at the Battle of Aegospotami

404 BCE- siege of Athens, forced to surrender
Greek Culture in
Medea
Actor 5
Allie Rogers
Greek View of Woman
-Women were treated as objects rather than people.
-Marraiges were arranged by their fathers.
-They spent most of their time in their homes caring for their children.
-They were not allowed to attend certain festivals and events.
-Woman could participate in some social events with their husbands permission.
-Women could not inherit property unless a sibling died..


Chorus was portrayed as wise men, soldiers, or whatever the story requires

Women may have been banned from attending, but unproven

Chorus can step out to be narrators to help the audience interpret scenes

The chorus, in addition to actor dialogue, convey the setting due to a lack of scenery onstage

Preparing the Plays
City Dionysia
At the Play
Aristotle,Greek Philospoher
(Aristotle got Ariswag)
Aristotle on Tragedy
Tragedy=Poetry that has a serious purpose and uses direct action over narration to make ends meet
Creates
catharsis
, a feeling of inner cleansing from watching a tragedy
Contains a tragic hero
Tragic Hero
High social status, usually of noble blood or rich
Tragic flaw, a personality flaw that causes misfortune
Downfall, ex. death of friends or loss of social status
Recognition of flaw, time at which
catharsis
occurs
Tragic Hero of Medea: Medea
High Social Status?

Wife of the hero Jason
Tragic Flaw?

Argonautica (Prequel to Medea)
Killed her brother, Abrsyrtus, to help Jason retrieve the Golden Fleece by throwing the dismembered corpse around to distract her father
Tricked two girls into throwing their father into a boiling pot of doom

Medea
Plotted to kill Jason's bride and her own two sons
Indirectly kills Creon when the poison on Glauce's robe makes him commit suicide
Downfall?

Creon exiles Medea to protect Glauce
Recognition?

None, Medea wanted the deaths of her children and did not regret it
Aristotle and the public's opinion of Medea?
Recieved 3rd place

Aristotle publicly mocked Aegeus's appearance and the sun chariot used by Medea at the ending as illogical

Not an Aristolean tragedy
He cries every time.
Medea Allusions
Actor 2
Jade Gotchy
Total number of Allusions: 119
Hermes
Zeus
Aphrodite
Zeus
"It's men do the wiles and smiles, the cheating, now, it's men will not keep the vows they swore, while women now find history reversing the low esteem in which they lived before."
Explanation:
Zeus was alluded to many time in Medea but in the play Jason has an affair and marries the Princess, which is closely related to Zeus and Hera.
Zeus is also alluded to because he is the Supreme God.
Aphrodite
"No goddess can delight you as much as Aphrodite."
Explanation:
Aphrodite is the goddess of love and beauty.
She is called out to many times in the chorus.
Hermes
"Then I shall ask him if our sons can stay- I'll use them as messengers of death to Creon's child."
explanation:
Hermes was the messenger between the over world and the under world.
There is also a character named the messenger which is alluded to as a whole to Hermes.
Slavery in Ancient Greece
-The citizens of Greece were split into two main roles: Free people, and slaves.
-Slaves were common, and were bought and sold by their masters.
-Men did industrial or agricultural work, while women would do domestic jobs, such as shopping or house work.

Antigone vs. Medea
Jason and Medea:
allies on the Argo, mutual support

peace for a time (marriage)

turned on each other

conflict

ultimately Jason wins,
but at what cost?
Sparta won only in name
Bibliography
http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/staff/resources/background/bg18/home.html
http://www.crystalinks.com/greekslavery.html
Bulliet, Richard W. "Greece and Iran, 1000-30 B.C.E." The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History. 5th ed. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011. N. pag. Print.

Emmons, Jim Tschen. "Peloponnesian War." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC- CLIO, 2014. Web. 7 Oct. 2014.

"Persian Wars." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 7 Oct. 2014.
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