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a story in short stanzas "A Winter's Tale" "A Winter's Tale" Sonnet A 14-line verse form usually having one
of several conventional rhyme schemes SONNET 1 From fairest creatures we desire increase,
That thereby beauty's rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease,
His tender heir might bear his memory:
But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes,
Feed'st thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel,
Making a famine where abundance lies,
Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel.
Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament
And only herald to the gaudy spring,
Within thine own bud buriest thy content
And, tender churl, makest waste in niggarding.
Pity the world, or else this glutton be,
To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee. Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences, as rhyme royal, ababbcc. ababbcc Blank Verse Unrhymed verse, especially the
unrhymed iambic pentameter
most frequently used in English
dramatic, epic, and reflective verse. Furball Friend
Sweet pet by day, hunter by night. She sleeps,
she eats, she plays. My feet, caught in white paws.
She’s up the fence, watching her prey - a bird.
Poor thing, better run quick, ’cause watch, she’ll pounce!
She’ll sweetly beg for fuss, but don’t be fooled.
’Cause one minute she’ll purr and smile, then snap!
She’ll spit and hiss - and oh - surprise! A mouse.
He’s dead. A gift. Retracts her claws. Miaow!
Figure of eight between my legs, looks up
at me and purrs. The sound pulls my heartstrings.
Her big blue eyes like dinner plates - so cute.
Cunning she is, she knows I can’t resist.
Curling up tight, we sleep entwined as one.
Despite her quirks, I would not change a claw
of her. Cheeky Sammy: my snow-white queen. Verse A succession of
or orally composed
as one line; one of
the lines of a poem. Free Verse Unrhymed verse without a metrical pattern Narratives A story or account of events,
experiences, or the like, whether
true or fictitious "A Lover's Complaint" Speaker
A person who speaks formally before
an audience; lecturer; orator. Paraphrase
A restatement of a text or passage
giving the meaning in another form,
as for clearness; rewording Summary A comprehensive and usually
brief abstract, recapitulation,
or compendium of previously
or statements. Theme A unifying or dominant idea or topic Dramatic Monologue A poetic form in which a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation. HAMLET "HAMLET: To be, or not to be--that is the question:" Shakespeare's Shakespeare's Shakespear's Shakespeare's Subject That which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, investigation Imagist The of
Imagists wrote using a clarity words and
free verse. They believed a poem should
also have a visual impact. Owl Surrealist Stressed the subconscious, and use
imagery. Lyric Poem A short poem of songlike quality. I heard a fly buzz when I died;
The stillness round my form
Was like the stillness in the air
Between the heaves of storm. Emily Dickinson Dying Dramatic Poetry A narrative poem in which one or more characters speak. The dramatic poem consists of the thoughts or spoken statements (or both) of one or more characters other than the poet himself in a particular life situation. DAPHNIS. A MAIDEN.
How fell sage Helen? through a swain like thee.
Nay the true Helen's just now kissing me.
Satyr, ne'er boast: 'what's idler than a kiss? A Countryman's Wooing
by: Theocritus Scansion The metrical analysis of verse. The usual marks for
scansion are for a short or unaccented syllable, or · for
a long or accented syllable, ^ for a rest, | for a foot division,
and for a caesura or pause. Couplet A pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length. "Blessed are you whose worthiness gives scope,
Being had, to triumph; being lacked, to hope." Shakespeare's Sonnet 52 Cinquain
A short poem consisting of five,
usually unrhymed lines. Quatrain a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with one having alternate rhymes. Stanza An arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem Rhyme Identity in sound of some part, especially the end, of words or lines of verse. Meter Is the rhythm established by a poem The Rhythm is often described as a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. "The DOG went WALKing DOWN the ROAD and BARKED." Metric Foot follows a pattern of unstressed/stressed syllables. Iambic Pentameter The name given to a line of verse that
consists of five iambs (an iamb being one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed, such as "before"). When IN / dis GRACE / with FOR / tune AND / men’s EYES
I ALL / a LONE / be WEEP / my OUT/ cast STATE Shakespeare's Sonnet 29 Figurative Language Language that contains or uses metaphor, simile,
personification, or antithesis. Mainly Metaphors. Example from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet: Romeo compares Juliet to the sun (Act II Scene II)
"But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun." Iamb A foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitative meter, or an unstressed followed by a stressed in accentual meter, as in Come live / with me / and be / my love. Trochee, Anapest, Dactyl Lines of Poetry Trochee- 1 Long Syllable, 1 short Syllable, or 1 Stressed Followed by 1 Unstressed
Anapest- 2 Short, 1 Long Syllables
Dactyl 1 Long, 2 Short Syllables or 1 Stressed, 2 Unstressed Spondee A foot of two syllables, both of which are long in quantitative meter or stressed in accentual meter. White founts falling in the courts of the sun
And the Soldan of Byzantium is smiling as they run; Chesterton "Lepanto" Pyrrhic Consisting of two short or unaccented syllables Examples: "To a | green thought | in a | green shade." -Andrew Marvell's "The Garden" Monometer a line of verse of one measure or foot. "Thus I
Farewell." Robert Herrick’s "Upon His Departure Hence” Dimeter and Trimeter Dimeter- a verse or line of two measures or feet
Example: He is gone on the mountain,/He is lost to the forest
Trimester- written with three feet per line and each foot uses the iambic structure.
Example Robert Frost's "Noting Gold Can Stay Tetrameter Is a verse of four feet iambic pentameter. There is a lady sweet and kind,
Was never face so pleased my mind;
I did but see her passing by,
And yet I love her till I die. There is a Lady Sweet and Kind Thomas Ford Pentameter verse consisting of two dactyls, one long syllable, two more dactyls, and another long syllable. Rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words Assonance Bells "Hear the mellow wedding bells,
Golden bells!" Edgar Allen Poe Consonance Repeating the final consonant sounds of words. Writers usually focus on the accented syllables or the more important words to use in this technique. "Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow." Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Robert Frost's