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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi
Liberty, but Partition
In South Africa from 1893-1914
Gandhi was refused to sit in first class of a train and forced to get off.
There was a law forbidding Indians to sit in first class.
Full name: Mohandas Karamchad Gandhi
He was a barrister, politician, the spiritual and political leader who led India to independence from Britain.
He has been generally called 'the father of India'.
A Man with Great Soul
By Bella Im
Who was Gandhi?
On October 2nd 1869, Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, a coastal town in British Indian Empire.
According to the tradition of child marriage, he married his friend, Kasturba at 12.
At the age of 18, he got into the college in India, but he dropped out of the school.
couldn't catch up classes
In that year, Gandhi went to Britain to study law.
After 3 years, he passed the lawyer exam and came back to India. didn't turn out successful because of his timid attitude at court.
How did Gandhi, the shy lawyer, become a proactive national leader who brought a considerable change?
He experienced a life-changing incident in South Africa.
It became a turning point for Gandhi to
fight against racial discrimination and injustice by organizing the non-violent resistance movement
in South Africa for the next 21 years.
When Gandhi was 24, he arrived in South Africa to work on a legal case.
Eventually, almost all discriminating laws on Indians in South Africa were abolished.
In 1915, Gandhi came back to India. At this time, Indians participated in WW1 because of Britain's promise to give
the right of autonomy
Return to British Indian Empire
However, after WW1, Britain overturned the promise and made a law to crack down on independence movements.
In 1919, Gandhi
led the massive non-violent protest
to appeal to the British government, but they were brutally suppressed.
During 'The Great Depression' in 1930, Britain made a 'Salt Act' to overcome economic difficulty.
This act prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, forced them to import salt from Britain at an expensive price, and exerted a heavy salt tax.
On March 12 1930, Gandhi led the 'Salt March" with growing numbers of supporters.
As a result, Gandhi and over 80,000 indians were in jail for breaking the law and he fasted in jail.
When WW2 began, Britain deployed indian soldiers in battles without asking.
Indians strongly rebelled against Britain.
Finally, on August 15 1947, colonial India became independent.
But it was dividing independence into India and Pakistan due to the religious conflict between Indian Hindus and Muslim.
Gandhi's Effort for Unity
In spite of his old age, Gandhi continuously attempted to resolve the conflict between Hindus and Muslim.
Unfortunately, on January 30 1948, Gandhi at 78 was assassinated by a radical Hindu who opposed Gandhi's idea of unity.
The significance of Gandhi
Constantly solved problems with non-violence non-cooperation and civil disobedience.
played a major role in Indian Independence.
Took the lead in changing the world rather than expecting others to stand up.
His first priority was neighbor's rights, freedom, and peace, not his personal gains or desires.
**After his death, India has officially honored Gandhi as the 'Father of Nation' and has celebrated his birthday as a national holiday annually.
Gandhi is very influential person to Indians as much as he is in every Indian currency.
Thank you for watching.
Before & After Independence