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Gender and Development

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Pali Payne

on 29 July 2015

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Transcript of Gender and Development

Gender and Development
Developmental Psychology
Gender Manipulation
Gender Neutral
Traditional Gender Roles
Transgender Children
Work Cited
Adam, S. (2015) Two of Britain's youngest transgender children describe how it feels to be a girl after being born boys. Mirror. Retrieved from http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/two-britains-youngest-transgender-children-5470887
Gender Selection (2014). Center of Human Reproduction . Retrieved from https://www.centerforhumanreprod.com/services/infertility-treatments/genderselection/
Glicksman, E. ( 2013). Transgender today
Throughout history, transgender people have been misunderstood and seldom studied. That’s beginning to change. American Psychological Association Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/index.aspx
Kaplan, A. Transgender Mental Health. Retrieved from http://tgmentalhealth.com/basic-issues-in-transgender-mental-health/
Karkazis, K. (2008). Fixing sex. Intersex, Medical Authority and Lived Experience.
Kilman, C (Summer 2013) . Teaching Tolerance: A Project from the Southern Poverty Law Center. The Gender Spectrum. Retrieved from http://www.tolerance.org/gender-spectrum
Wallace, K. (2015). When Your Young Daugther Says I'am a Boy. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/18/living/feat-transgender-child-raising-ryland/
Steinmetz . K (Nov. 21,2014). Times: This is What Intersex Means. Retrieved from: http://time.com/3599950/intersex-meaning/
Steere, M (2008). Designer babies: Creating the perfect child. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2008/TECH/science/10/30/designer.babies/index.html?iref=24hours
Grant,J. (2015). Injustice at Every Turn: A report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey. Retrieved from http://transequality.org/issues/resources/national-transgender-discrimination-survey-executive-summary
Labuski, C.(2013). The Demographics of the Transgender Population. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/6957670/The_Demographics_of_the_Transgender_Population
Gender Selection Through IVF
Medical Reasons for Gender Selection
Prevent diseases that occur more severely in males or females (Fragile X syndrome, Hemophilia)
Psychological- Females feel more equipped to have a daughter than a son
Loss of a child might instigate the parents to have the same gendered child again.
Non-Medical or Elective Reasons for Gender Selection
Family Balancing
Designer Babies
Eugenics-manipulating genes to better society
Eliminate bad genes
Promote good genes
Child psychologically may feel “objectified as a commodity” than growing up with a “childhood”
Greater gap between rich and poor
Already used in some countries to prevent the birth of females.

Is it Ethically Okay to Manipulate a Potential Child’s Gender?

1% of people in the UK are thought to be transgender

4x increase in children under the age of 10 being referred to as transgender in past 6 years

47 children last year in the UK identifying as transgender were 5 or younger (2 were 3 years old)

59% of transgender will self-harm and a large percent will attempt suicide
Transgender Youth

Children not conforming to their gender are more likely to be physically, psychologically, or sexually abused and have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Gender Dysphoria

Feel as if they were born in the wrong sex body
Society tells them they must hide a part of themselves
Male-to-female told they can’t play with dolls

Case study 1 (MTF)

Age 5/6

Early interests in playing with dolls, dresses, and jewelry

Depression when forced to act like boys (clothing specifically)

Parents usually think it’s a phase

Afraid of using restrooms at school

Though child would grow up to be gay

Not helpful to diagnose in very young children


Case study 2 (FTM)

Age 5/6

Aversion to anything feminine

Parents thought she was a tomboy

Usually speak up after being encouraged to follow assigned gender

Gender affirming approach is most helpful to mental health

Changing name and gender on birth certificate

Perceptions of Gender in Society
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