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Transcript of Darfur: Genocide
2006 - US President George W. Bush ordered to double the number of international troops in Darfur
2006 - British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, wrote a letter to members of the European Union (EU), calling for a unified response to the crisis
China and Russia worked to block many United Nations (UN) resolutions attempting to appease the Sudanese government
Darfur Peace Agreement
UNAMID- "United Nations Africa Union Mission"- 2008
WOMEN IN WESTERN SUDAN
Darfur is located in Sudan, however, the governments are not compatible. The Sudanese did not accept a peaceful Darfur, after their civil war from 1955-1975. The government started arming Arab militias (janjaweed) to threaten Darfur. Another cause is the Sudanese desire for the oil in this region.
DARFUR GENOCIDE VICTIMS
CAUSES OF THE GENOCIDE
President Omar al-Bashir - coup
Janjaweed - "devils on horseback"
supported by Sudan gov't
Darfur people (victims of genocide)
Abdul Wahid al-Nur - leader of Sudan Liberation Army
Salim Salim - African Union mediator (persuaded rebels to agree some common positions)
February 26, 2003 - Present
WHAT IS DARFUR?
Region in West Sudan
- seasonal watercourses that flood occasionally
Marrah Mountains provided resources for foundation of civilization
Founded under Egyptian rule
Independent sultanate until incorporated into Sudan in 1916
Divided into five federal states
National independence gained in 1956
Arab Janjaweed militias founded by Sudanese government
Two thirds of population struggles to survive
Majority of population is Muslim, non-arab
Darfur contains many tribes; many small (scattered) groups of people
--- George Clooney
IMPACT / STATISTICS
Fatalities: over 480,000
Displaced persons: over 2.8 million
Estimated deaths per day: over 150
Estimated deaths per month: 5000
Refugees in Chad: over 350,000
WHAT IS GENOCIDE?
Definition of genocide from:
“In the time that we're here today, more women and children will die violently in the Darfur region than in Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine, Israel or Lebanon. So, after September 30, you won't need the UN - you will simply need men with shovels and bleached white linen and headstones.”
PRIMARY SOURCE #1
Letter to Ambassador Lubisse, Representative of African Union and UNECA, from Abdelbagi Jibril, Executive Director of DRDC
This website is saying that genocide is the killing of individuals of a certain group (racial, religious, ethic, etc.) with the intent of effacing the group or to stop its spreading.
The author of the letter is supporting the people of Darfur, and writing to Lubisse to discuss the issues. In his letter, Jibril addresses several problems, such as threats and the janjaweed, and proposes that they meet to settle an agreement. The authors bias leans towards Sudan's opposition, and engages in helping the victims in the Darfur genocide.
Famous examples of genocide:
Adolf Hitler's killing of the Jews and other ethnic groups
the KKK ruthlessly murdering blacks
African Union/United Nations
Hybrid operation in Darfur
is referred to as
. Its goal is to bring peace back to the villages of Darfur and prevent the violence of the arab militia issued by the Sudanese government. It is currently the largest peacekeeping mission in the world. One of its objectives is to ensure the participation in agreements by the government made by the United Nations. So far, the government of Sudan has not cooperated with the United Nations in the protection of Darfur.
PRIMARY SOURCE #2
First hand account/report from Brian Steidle, witness to the Darfur Genocide, son of an admiral and former Marine officer
The author of the report is retelling his encounter with Darfur's people, and describing the conditions and events that he witnessed on his visit. He explains how people lived in poverty and fear, famine was common, and that janjaweed attacks were constant. The author is not very biased. as he is only a witness. However, we get a sense that he opposes the atrocious acts against the people of Darfur.
~ Amelia Greco, Richard Dodge, Jaime Lear, Stella Filipov