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Intro to Anthro, Soc, and Psych

m foulds

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of HSP3M1

Introduction to Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology
This course introduces the theories, questions, and issues that are the major concerns of anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the way social scientists approach the topics they study and the research methods they employ. Students will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues that have captured the interest of classical and contemporary social scientists in the three disciplines.
Self and Others
Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:
• describe some differences and similarities in the approaches taken by anthropology, psychology, and sociology to the concept of self in relation to others;
• demonstrate an understanding of the social forces that influence and shape behaviour as described by anthropologists, psychologists, and sociologists;
• analyse socialization patterns from the perspectives of anthropology, psychology, and sociology.
Social Structures and Institutions
Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:
• identify social institutions common to many different cultures;
• compare how selected social institutions function in a variety of cultures;
• demonstrate an understanding of recent structural changes in work and education and of the impact these changes have on Canadian society.
Social Organization
Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:
• demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics of groups in Canadian society as identified by anthropology, psychology, and sociology;
• analyse the psychological impact of group cohesion and group conflict on individuals, groups, and communities;
• describe the characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
Overall Expectations
By the end of this course, students will:
• use appropriate social science research methods effectively and ethically;
• conduct research to determine the critical differences and similarities among the approaches and concepts of anthropology, psychology, and sociology, and summarize their findings;
• effectively communicate the results of their inquiries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Psychology (lit. "study of the soul" or "study of the mind"[1]) is an academic and applied discipline which involves the scientific study of human or animal mental functions and behaviors. In the field of psychology, a professional researcher or practitioner is called a psychologist, and is a type of social scientist.
Psychologists study such phenomena as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, motivation, personality, behavior and interpersonal relationships. In addition or opposition to employing empirical methods, psychologists sometimes rely upon symbolic interpretation and critical analysis, albeit less frequently than other social scientists such as sociologists. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the underlying physiological and neurological processes.
Psychological knowledge is applied to various spheres of human activity including the family, education, employment, and to the treatment of mental health problems. Psychology includes many sub-fields that span areas as diverse as human development, sports, health, industry, media and law. Psychology incorporates research from the social sciences, natural sciences, and humanities.
Scope of Psychology. -- The subject-matter of our science is, then, the Soul or Mind. The psychologist investigates those phenomena which we call sensations, perceptions, thoughts, volitions, and emotions; he analyzes them, classifies them, and seeks to reduce them to the smallest number of fundamental activities. He studies the nature of their exercise and the laws which govern their operations, and he endeavours to enunciate a body of general truths which will accurately describe their chief and most characteristic features. But Psychology cannot rest here. Whether it wishes it or not, Psychology is inevitably a branch of Philosophy.{2} It cannot remain satisfied with the mere generalization of facts; it must pass on to inquire into the inner nature and constitution of the root and subject of these phenomena; it must seek to explain the effect by its cause. Consequently a work which does nothing more than describe and classify the operations of the mind, omitting all discussion regarding the mind itself, is but an abortive attempt at a science of Psychology.{3} La Psychologie sans âme, is Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark. What is the meaning and value of life? What are we? Whence come we? Whither go we? These have ever been questions of profound interest to the human race, and it is the belief that Psychology can throw some light on them which has always vested with such importance this branch of Philosophy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sociology is the study of human societies.[1] It is a social science (with which it is informally synonymous) that uses various methods of empirical investigation[2] and critical analysis[3] to develop and refine a body of knowledge and theory about human social activity, often with the goal of applying such knowledge to the pursuit of social welfare. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structures.[4]
Sociology is both topically and methodologically a very broad discipline. Its traditional focuses have included social stratification (i.e., class relations), religion, secularization, modernity, culture and deviance, and its approaches have included both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. As much of what humans do fits under the category of social structure and agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as medical, military and penal institutions, the internet, and even the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge. The range of social scientific methods has also broadly expanded. The linguistic and cultural turns of the mid-20th century led to increasingly interpretative, hermeneutic, and philosophic approaches to the analysis of society. Conversely, recent decades have seen the rise of new mathematically and computationally rigorous techniques, such as agent-based modelling and social network analysis.[5][6]
Anthropology is the study of humanity. Anthropology has origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences.[1]. The term "anthropology", pronounced /ænrpldi/, is from the Greek π, anthrōpos, "human", and -, -logia, "discourse" or "study", and was first used by François Péron when discussing his encounters with Tasmanian Aborigines.[2] .
Anthropology's basic concerns are "What defines Homo sapiens?", "Who are the ancestors of modern Homo sapiens?", "What are humans' physical traits?", "How do humans behave?", "Why are there variations and differences among different groups of humans?", "How has the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens influenced its social organization and culture?" and so forth.
Karl Jung
Sigmund Freud
Abraham Maslow
What is Culture?
What makes us human?
What are cliques?
Why do I wear what I wear?
What is mental illness
What we plan on doing:
A trip to the ROM to investigate skulls and changes over time in their features
A field observation of another school's cafeteria
A garbage lab where you will be studying what you can infer from a bag of garbage about the family that created it
A discussion of evolution
A discussion of CULTURE
How we must look at cultures besides ourselves
What are we going to do:
We're going to look at deviance and mental illness
We're going to talk about FREUD, PIAGET, JUNG, MASLOW, GARDNER, KOHLBERG and their theories
We're going to question why people choose certain products over others ie; Coke vs Pepsi
We're going to look at perception and how it works
We're going to talk about the teenage brain
What are we going to do?
We're going to identify and discuss agents of socialization
We're going to look at education, poverty, class systems, religion, the world of work, mass media, and recreation
We're going to identify our place in our society and how we are both defined by it and how we reflect it
We're going to discuss social norms
Anthropology is the study of human beings as a species and as members of different cultures. There are two major branches of anthropology: physical anthropology and cultural anthropology. Physical anthropology looks at the ways in which humans are similar to, and different from other species; it also examines how humans have developed biologically over time. Cultureal anthropology explores how culture has shaped the way people lived in the past and how they live in the world today.
Sociology is the scientific study of people in groups. It examines the relationships between people and the social structures they develop. A sociologist studies the actions and responses of individuals within a group in order to detect general patterns of human behaviour. Although each of us is unique, we also belong to different categories, such as students, teenagers, males or females, brothers or sisters and so on. Sociologists explore how the categories we belong to shape our experiences of the world. Sociologists also try to understand how society as a whole can influence our thoughts, feelings and actions
Psychology is the study of human mental processes and behaviour. Theoretical psychologists try to understand general rules that guide our thinking and behaviour. They examine both overt actions (those that can be seen) and mental processes, which may be harder to discern. Overt actions include how people think, feel, remember and learn. Clinical psychologists use this understanding to study emotions such as anger, anxiety or depression in order to help individuals who are experiencing psychological problems
How do we learn?
Why do some people act different?
How can drugs help schizophrenics?
What is intelligence?
What makes us human?
Jane Goodall
The Leakeys
Who is Lucy?
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