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Dorothea Dix

Mental Illness & Social Work: A Legacy

Melissa Ebneter

on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of Dorothea Dix

How does the work of
Dorothea Dix
impact you as a social worker?

Final thoughts...
Melissa Ebneter
Jeronia Bowden
Effects on Society
My name is Ruth Robinson-Moneke and I am from the state of Texas. I was born 7 miles from the Rio Grande of which I attribute my desire to become a Spanish Teacher of which i am, though semi retired. I am the Mother of 3 daughters and 5 sons.....all college bred with one about to receive her Doctor in a few months. I took this course because I plan to work with homeless Moms with children thru Georgia Agape owned and operated by my church. I graduated from Spelman College and I did some grad work at both Clark AU and Abilene Christian University . I am also the author of the book "Turning Scars into Stars" as well.
Ruth Moneke
31years old, full-time Social Work student at Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at GSU. Received an Associate's Degree in Foreign Languages from GPC. I am a single mother of a four year old daughter, from Chamblee, GA, currently working two part-time jobs. I have a passion for helping people help themselves. I think people are so beautiful and interesting, and so full of potential. I find it extremely fulfilling to see people realize their potential, and even more so when that potential is reached while overcoming adversity. I will consider it an honor to be a social worker when I have finished the program.
Melissa “MeMe” Ebneter
Achen, Hannah B. (2012, May 11). "National History Day: Dorothea Dix and The Asylum Movement". Retrieved October 29, 2012, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aOGuKzd0fw.

Bumb, Jenn. (n.d.). "Dorothea Dix". Webster. Retrieved September 11, 2012, from http://www.webster.edu/~woolflmldorotheadix.html.

Casarez, Tana. (2000). "Dorothea Lynde Dix". Retrieved October, 27, 2012, from http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psychweb/history/dix.htm.

Celebrate 100 Years of the Mental Health Movement. Mental Health America. Retrieved 11/12/2012 from http://www.nmha.org/go/history

Decarcerate the Mentally Ill. (10/20/2010). Prison Culture. Retrieved 11/12/2012 from http://www.usprisonculture.com/blog/tag/mental-illness/

Dix, Dorothea. (n.d). "The History of Mental Retardation, Collected Papers". University Park Press. Retrieved October 27, 2012 from http://www.disabilitymuseum.org/dhm/lib/detail.html?id=737.

"Dorothea Dix". (n.d.). New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved September, 11, 2012, from http://www.newworldencyclpedia.org/entry/Dorothea_Dix.

Gostin, L. O. (2007). ‘Old’ and ‘new’ institutions for persons with mental illness: Treatment, punishment or preventive confinement? Public Health. 122, 906-913. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2007.11.003

Graham Warder. (n.d.). “Franklin Pierce's 1854 Veto” .Disability History Museum. Retrieved on October 27, 2012 from http://www.disabilitymuseum.org/dhm/edu/essay.html?id=36.

Homelessness and Mental Health. (3/28/2003). California Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 11/12/2012 fromhttp://www.calpsych.org/publications/access/homelessness.htmlJansson, Bruce. (2009). "The Reluctant Welfare State" (7th e.d.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Mental Illness and Homelessness. (7/2009). National Coalition for the Homeless. Retrieved 11/12/2012 fromhttp://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/Mental_Illness.pdf

Schlaifer, C., & Freeman, Lucy. (1991). "Heart's Work". New York, NY: Paragon House.

Dorothea Dix Fix
Dorothea Dix
Mental Illness & Social Work:
A Legacy
I am 23 years old and currently persuing
my bachelors degree at Georgia State University. I am a single mother of two year old, Ashton, who has down syndrome. I graduated from Georgia Perimeter College in the Winter of 2011 with an Associates of Science degree. I have started a small business and I work at Children Healthcare of Atlanta in order to support my family. The most important things in my life are my son and my education. Inspired by my son I hope to become an advocate for people with disabilities and their families.
Jeronia Bowden
Dorothea Lynde Dix born April 4, 1802
Oldest of three and took on motherly role due to her mother’s mental health problems and father’s addiction to alcohol.
Dorothea later lived with wealthy grandmother, but had no desire to live as another rich woman looking down on others. Dix recalls a time when she was severely punished for giving food and her new clothing to the children at the front gate.
Strong desire to educated those less fortunate opened first school at age 15.
Major accomplishment was that she changed societies view and treatment of mentally ill.
Dorothea Dix
Civil Rights activists align with fiscal conservatives 1960s
Social Safety Net
Community Mental Health Centers
Drastic Underfunding
Deinstitutionalization movement
The bell
Mental Illness in America
A history
Francis Fauquier
Benjamin Rush
Dorothea Dix
Thomas Story Kirkbride
Anna Marsh
Criminal, lunatic, or idiot
Eastern State Hospital
Virginia, 1773
Lunatic- Lunar- The Moon
Babies born under a full moon, or allowed to sleep under the light of a full moon, is the cause of insanity and resulting in possession by the Devil. Lunatics were to be locked away from society. Common treatments included: ice baths until consciousness is lost, shocks to the brain, induced vomiting and “bleeding.”
Colonial beliefs
After the Civil War, many veterans were treated for mental illnesses, most likely due to extreme PTSD.
Shock Therapy
Returning from war
Treated like animals, beaten, starved and left out in the cold.
Isolated in filth and darkness, marginalized from society.
Prisons and Jails
Basements of Public Buildings
Poorhouses and Almshouses
20-25% of the homeless population of the U.S. suffers from some form of severe mental illness. Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Other estimates as high as 40%
Once again,
Prisons house our
Mentally Ill
“The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.” – Fyodor Dostoyevsky

“Moral Treatment”
Mental Illness is believed to
Be caused by immorality,
Such as masturbation and
Advocacy for more humane treatment of mentally ill
Asylums & institutions
In conclusion, Dorothea Dix made such vast contributions to the movement to improve care and treatment of the mentally ill in the United States. It’s amazing what she accomplished in a period when women had few rights as well. Early advocates who took up this cause helped usher in a more hopeful future for the mentally ill of our country. It is a tragedy that we have returned to a similar state that existed when Dorothea Dix first took up her cause. I think it’s imperative that we stop treating mental and health problems as criminal problems. We have to devote resources to treat our mentally ill citizens and our addicts as well. It is unacceptable that our prisons now shoulder this burden. No wonder the United States has more prisons, jails, and prisoners than any other industrialized country.
Dorothea Dix is a great example of an social worker. From researching her life and accomplishments I take the importance in advocating and being a voice for those who are unable to speak for themselves. Ms. Dix saw a problem and offered a solution. Her journey shows the importance in speaking out and never giving up. As a social worker I think it is important to remember that we are advocates and despite the outcome we are to continue speaking out for others.
“I was obviously in terrible need of treatment, but found myself in jail instead. Went to the police station to get a print out of my criminal background for a job interview, and found myself locked up for 7 days for a unpaid traffic ticket. Locked in a 6 X 12 ft cement block room, alone with no windows, no sense of time, and no sense of reality, detoxing. I was put in there because there was no medical unit and I was acting so crazy that I was disturbing the other inmates. Pulling them from their beds, stroking on girls hair because I thought it was my dog. These story’s and others were told to me by the inmates and guards I only have vague memories of the horrible hallucinations. So they didn’t know what to do with me so they stuck me in the holding cell. There they all enjoyed my personal hell on video. I was being shot at, blown up and chased by vampires. I had no concept of time, and no one to break my periods of insanity. When I could I slept, I slept in bright white light, reflected off those horrid white painted cement block walls. I know now that I could have died, while the officers watched and laughed at my hallucinations. After five days, it was the weekend and they needed the holding cell for processing the new arrestees, so they drugged me and sent me back to the population. Where I was promptly harassed for my previous crazy behavior. The worst part was I couldn’t make sense of it all, since there was only “containment” and not treatment I continued my destructive patterns until I nearly died.”
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