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Transcript of Eating Disorders
& their effect on teen development
What is this "eating disorder" thing?
But what kinds of disorders ARE there?
What causes an eating disorder?
When you don't get enough nutrients
Energy demands for teens
When you don't have enough energy
Psychological effects of an eating disorder
What's being done to treat disorders
How much do you think you know?
What can parents and families do?
What can a teacher or corps member do?
Binge Eating Disorder
How to approach eating disorders
A physical approach and a psychological approach
Stop weight loss 1st, regular eating patterns 2nd
Primary Prevention, Secondary/Targeted Prevention, Universal Prevention
Direct, non-judgemental conversations, with a focus on health instead of right and wrong.
Encourage positive eating & exercise behavior
Promote positive body image
Focus on regular family meals.
Health care team: nutritionists, psychologists, etc
Family counseling, cognitive therapy, behavior modification, nutritional guidance
Watch for signs - but remember, only professionals fully able to diagnose!
Direct, non-judgemental conversations about what you've noticed.
Refer student/child to appropriate people
Focus more on health, less on size/shape
Educate about typical weight gain & body changes of adolescence
More common than anorexia
Multiple episodes of binge eating in one week
Purging habits to compensate for excessive eating, prevent weight gain
Typically happens in 7 stages
2 sub-types of bulemia: purging + non-purging
A major or extreme disturbance in eating behavior
Both a physical and a psychological disorder
Always occurs in secret
Lack of focus and cognitive ability
Higher chance of ADHD
Lower blood pressure & a weaker heart muscle
Loss of lean muscle
Lanugo = development of fine hair on skin to conserve body heat.
Typical growth spurt of girls occurs from 10 - 12 years old
Typical growth spurt of boys occurs anywhere between 12 - 19
Energy needs vary from person to person
Between 1,800 - 3,500 calories
Sense of lack of control in life
Changing situations in life
Distorted body image
definition of "them" as pretty
Participation in sports + other activities with an emphasis on body image
Female athlete Triad
Need to be a certain body weight to particpate
Modified media images to unrealistic expectations
Magazines focus on weight and beauty over health
Hunger, appetite, digestion chemicals in brain imbalanced.
Anorexia Nervosa = Self Starvation
Those with Anorexia have:
< 85% expected body weight
An intense fear of weight gain
Their body image is their primary measure of self worth
Lack of menstration in girls, last more than 3 months
= not eating enough food
= binge eating or vomiting/laxative use
Not bulemia if they are still more than 15% below the average weight
Both subtypes may compulsively exercise to lower their weight
Different from Bulemia
Less is eaten during a binge
Less rigid times of dieting
Eat a lot then diet to lose weight
Sense of control while eating
larger amount of food than normal
Rapid eating to the point of being uncomfortably full
Exercise at least 2x/week for 6 months
Osteoporosis = loss of calcium
Amenorrhea = lack of menstruation
Iron deficiency (anemia) 3x more likely with food insecurity
Lack of electrolytes = heart failure
Electrolytes regulate heart beat
Link between ADHD & lack of iron, magnesium, zinc, & omega-3 fatty acids
Skipping breakfast = more likely to be overweight, have poor concentration, shorter attention span, low test scores & are tardy/absent more often than others
Night eating syndrome
Atypical anorexia nervosa
Common themes: serious emotional/psychological suffering, serious problems with work, school, relationships.
Nutrient need higher in teens
Calcium & vitamin D demands
Eating disorders (especially anorexia) are considered the most deadly of all mental illnesses