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Cheetahs

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Kirsten Seuter

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Cheetahs

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cheetah
New World Encyclopedia: Cheetah, New World Encyclopedia
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/episodes/cheetahs-in-a-hot-spot/introduction/2074/
Educational Broadcasting Corporation, PBS Nature: Cheetahs in a Hot Spot
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Why are they endangered?
Habitat
Inventory
Why are they endangered?
Habitat
Geographic Range
Climate
General Info
Adaptations
Role In Environment
Changes If It Went Extinct
Should They Be Saved
Cheetahs
Kirsten Seuter, Maddie McCombe, Mitchell Braun, Lucas Leitz, Alec Sekelsky
Cheetahs’ have adapted to become great hunters
Adaptations
Predator to most:
antelopes
Thomson's gazelle
the springbok
impala
hares
the young of wildabeasts and zebras
Role In Environment
Prey to lions
Lions also eat some of the cheetahs prey and hyenas
Cheetah v.s. Lion
Can accelerate from 0 to 60 in 3 seconds

12,500 remain in wild Africa and 50 in Iran
General Information
The Cheetahs Food Web
Life span-less than 10 years in the wild
12 or more years in captivity
Flexible spine that acts like a spring allowing it to jump farther and run faster
Geographic Range
Physical Characteristics
Oversized arteries, heart, and liver allow it to reach 70 mph
Height- 30-36 inches
Length- 45-53 inches
Tail- up to 33 inches
Weight- 86-143 pounds
Tail ends in a bushy white tuft
Black “tear marks” run from the corner of eyes down to sides of nose
Black tear streaks near eyes to block out sunlight
Skin blends in with environment
The Cheetah will most likely be found in open grasslands, savannahs, semi-arid parries or any open, flat area with lots of prey.
Climate
Legend:

Af
: equatorial climate

Am
: monsoon climate

Aw:
tropical savanna climate
BWh
: warm desert climate
Bwk: cold desert climate

Bsh
: warm semi-arid climate
Bsk: cold semi-arid climate
Csa: warm mediterranean climate
Csb: temperate mediterranean climate

Cwa
: humid subtropical climate

Cwb
: humid subtropical climate/subtropical oceanic highland climate
Cwc: oceanic subpolar climate
Cfa: warm oceanic climate/humid subtropical climate
Cfb: temperate oceanic climate
Cfc: cool oceanic climate
Dsa: warm continental climate/mediterranean continental climate
Dsb: temperate continental climate/mediterranean continental climate
Dsc: cool continental climate
Dsd: cold continental climate
Dwa: warm continental climate/humid continental climate
Dwb: temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
Dwc: cool continental climate/subarctic climate
Dwd: cold continental climate/subarctic climate
Dfa: warm continental climate/humid continental climate
Dfb: temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
Dfc: cool continental climate/subarctic climate
Dfd: cold continental climate/subarctic climate
ET: tundra climate
EF: ice cap climate

Its prey would over populate and starve
Enviorments producers decrease
Lions get more food, eventually take over for cheetahs
Surplus of lions
Effects of Extincton
Large eyes, nostrils, and sinuses to hone in on prey
Retractable claws to hold down the prey while they eat
Family Life
Young Adults
Once on their own siblings separate:
Citations
"Wildlife Relocation." Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 4 Aug. 2006. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://www.2facts.com/article/i1100430>.
"Zoos." Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 6 Sept. 2011. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://www.2facts.com/article/i0302470>.
Davis, R. Hunt, ed. "wildlife in Africa." Encyclopedia of African History and Culture: Independent Africa (1960 to Present), vol. 5. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE53&iPin=AHCV0587&SingleRecord=True (accessed October 9, 2013).
Waldman, Carl, and Jon Cunningham. "exploration of Africa." Encyclopedia of Exploration: Places, Technologies, and Cultural Trends, volume 2. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2004. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE53&iPin=EEXII003&SingleRecord=True (accessed October 9, 2013).
Produce 1-6 cubs at a time
Mating season throughout the year
Cubs: born blind, toothless and with a smoky color with long, wooly hair (mantle) that acts as camouflage

Don’t start hunting on their own until 2 years old, when mother leaves
Many cubs don’t make it to adulthood: disease, starvation, and attack by lions and hyenas

At 5-6 weeks old, cubs follow their mother and eat from their kills
Gestation period- 91-95 days
http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2012/10/25/finding-the-last-cheetahs-of-iran/
Finding the last cheetahs of Iran, National Geographic
Females:
Solitary
Seek out territory to raise their own family
Carry the burden of raising young
Males:
Sometimes band together
Form alliances for hunting and attracting mates
http://www.wildcatsanctuary.org/education/species/big-cats/cheetah/
Cheetah, The Wildcat Sanctuary
http://www.livescience.com/27319-cheetahs.html
Favorite food: antelope, but also eats gazelles, impala, wildebeest calves, smaller hoofed animals, and hares
Fastest land animal in the world
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/cheetah/
National Geographic: Cheetah, National Geographic Society
http://www.defenders.org/cheetah/basic-facts
Defenders of Wildlife: Basic Facts About Cheetahs
http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/mammals/cheetah_frame.html
Think Quest: Endangered Species: Cheetah, Team 19689-World Endangered Species

Cubs are subject to predation by lions and hyenas
Also habitat competition with humans
90% of Cheetah cubs are killed before reaching adulthood
http://slodive.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/wild-life-photography/young-cheetah.jpg
http://pussingtonpost.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Cheetah_portrait_Whipsnade_Zoo.jpg
The range size in eastern Africa is now 310,586 km²; only 6% of the historical former range is still occupied by Cheetahs.
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/4/4350344_ddadd42200.jpg
http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=cheetah&qpvt=cheetah&FORM=IGRE#view=detail&id=3E028CE3321FF8B23C178A685F4D63C36DC66ECB&selectedIndex=88
They live in all parts of Africa, the Middle East, and south-central Asia.
http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/marek_davi/Interaction.htm

Should They Saved?
Yes, if not, overpopulation of prey, especially antelope, would occur
Full transcript