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Post War Social Changes
Transcript of Post War Social Changes
Post War Social Changes
Changes to Society After WWI
- Many Changes were made to society after WWI from Women's Role in Society, the Jazz Age, and Prohibition
- New Genre of Music called Jazz started playing on the radio, loved by many
-America experienced a boom-time while Europe was recovering from the War
-Young rebellious people countered the old rules from the Victorian age, leading to development of flappers
Advancements in Modern Scientific Thought!
By the late 1800 and early 1900 people started to question their previous ideas on nature and it’s laws, this lead to a wish of discovery and many did so, this lead to New Scientific Theories.
Composition, by Henry Moore
Guernica, by Pablo Picasso
Abstract Art - Art that uses shapes and objects unrecognizable to us to convey a sense or idea.
Swinging, by Wassily Kandinsky.
- Inspiration from many sources (natural forms, ancient sculptures, issues of the time period, etc.)
- Shows his ingenuity with its conceptual and natural suggestions.
- Had multiple types of private and public works in this time, most of which were abstract in one form or another
This also spurred a revolution amongst artists of all kinds, and new genres of writing, painting, and music erupted everywhere. This is the beginning of the change of American and European culture after WW1.
-Discovered that some atoms could release charged particles
-Discovered that it was possible to transform an atom into another atom of a different molecule
Einstein and the theories of relativity
-From 1906 to 1916 he announced them
-Stated that the universe was ever expanding
-Stated that time are based on a person's perception
-Made the universe harder to understand for the general public
-Italian scientist Enrico Fermi discovered that atoms could be separated to produce massive boosts of energy
-He, Oppenheimer and Teller would use this to create the atomic bomb!
Fleming and Penicillin
-Scottish scientist Called Alexander Fleming contaminated Petri dish
-Finds out that something is killing the bacteria and discover penicillin
-Penicillin is an antibiotic that we use up to this day!
Freud and psychoanalysis
-Austrian physician called Sigmund Freud
-Stated that social values make us repress urges
-This could lead to serious mental and physical injury
-Many of his ideas are now discredited
-Opened people's eyes into human mind
(The Tate Modern museum, http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/kandinsky-swinging-t02344)
This started era the known as the Roaring Twenties, when young women ditched their usual uniform of ankle length skirts and corsets for shorter flapper dresses and bob cuts.
At the end of WW1 times were changing and the newest generation was beginning to reject their parent's ideas and beliefs after learning of the horrors of WW1.
- Title suggests dynamic movement and rhythm.
- He was one of the pioneers to abstract art.
- He felt that color in particular was essential for liberating art from naturalistic appearances
- Made in response to the German and Italian planes bombing Guernica in Spain.
- Partially abstract -- uses semi-recognizable shapes to portray his idea.
- WW2 era, proof that abstract art has carried through the years of war.
Harlem Renaissance - The time period and cultural movement when African American's combined their culture with other, western cultures to create things such as Jazz and Abstract Art.
James Weldon Johnson
- Was born in 1871, in Jacksonville Florida.
- In 1900, he wrote his famous poem Lift Every Voice and Sing. His talented brother, John Rosamond Johnson, set the poem to music.
- The brothers wrote over 200 songs for Broadway musicals.
- While in the Azores, he wrote a major novel, The Autobiography of an ExColoured Man.
- Was born in 1902 in Joplin, Missouri
- An American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist
- He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form jazz poetry
- He published his first book in 1926
- He won the Spingarn Medal, Quill Award for Poetry, Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards
- Was born in 1903 in New York,
- He lost his parents and brother, it is believed he was raised by his paternal grandmother until her death during his teen years.
- He was raised at the renowned Salem Methodist Episcopal Church in Harlem.
Zora Neale Hurston
- Was born in 1960 in Notasulga, Alabama.
- Was a civil rights activist, American folklorist, anthropologist, and author
- She published four novels and more than 50 short stories, plays, and essays
- She is best known for her 1937 novel 'Their Eyes Were Watching God. '
"What did you just say?"
- Women took the place of men in factories and in places in office
- Labor-saving devices were developed to diminish the amount of work in the home
-Women pursued Careers in many fields as well
-Women Generally Returned to the home after the men returned (with some exception)
Reactions to the Jazz Age
-Americans started to support Prohibition
-Christian Fundamentalists ideas spread through rural areas in the US
-In 1925 a biology teacher, John T. Scopes, was tried for teaching evolution in his class, found guilty after the trial
-Ban on the sale and manufacturing of alcoholic beverages
-Fought for almost 90 years social activists fought against abuse of alcohol
-18th Amendment was ratified Prohibition in 1919
-Meant to keep people from negative side-effects
-Lead to large organized crime
"I don't have to listen to you!"