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Copy of A Travel through Church History

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Michael Rieckhoff

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of A Travel through Church History

A Travel through Church History
313 The Edict of Milan
The agreement shifted Christianity from being an illicit, persecuted sect to being a welcome and soon dominant religion of the Roman Empire.
A.D. 70 Titus destroys Jerusalem when the Roman general sacked the temple, the Jews were forced into a new era—and so were the Christians.
325 The First Council of Nicea
At stake in the church's first general council was the simplest, yet most profound, question: Who is Jesus Christ?
367 Athanasius defines the New Testament
His letter is the earliest authoritative statement to fix the New Testament as we know it today.
386 Augustine converts to Christianity.
A brilliant, profligate professor of rhetoric became the church's leading theologian for centuries to come.
405 Jerome Completes the Vulgate
This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators.
461 The Council of Chalcedon
If Jesus was truly God, how could he be truly human as well? Leo the Great helped guide a critical council to a clear answer.
540 Benedict writes his Monastic Rule.
His flexible, compassionate guidelines for Christian community forever shaped monastic life—and influenced Western society.
1054 The East-West Schism
Long-standing differences between Western and Eastern Christians finally caused a definitive break, and Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox still remain separate.
1095 Pope Urban II Launches the First Crusade
Waves of pilgrims and soldiers embarked for the Holy Land, beginning an era of exploration, conquest, defeat, and folly.
1272 Thomas Aquinas Concludes His Word on Summa Theologiae
The massive treatise set forth a theological system so influential it has been declared eternally valid.
1378 The Great Papal Schism
When two popes, and later three popes, vied for supremacy, the medieval church entered a dramatic, forty-year crisis of authority.
1415: John Hus burned at stake
Thomas à Kempis writes The Imitation of Christ
1093: Anselm becomes archbishop of Canterbury
731: Bede’s Ecclesiastical History published
150: Justin Martyr dedicates his First Apology
155: Polycarp martyred
180: Irenaeus writes against Heresies
196: Tertullian begins writing
215: Origen begins writing
323: Eusebius completes Ecclesiastical History
398: Chrysostom consecrated bishop of Constantinople
440: Leo the Great consecrated bishop of Rome
524: Boethius completes Consolation of Philosophy
590: Gregory the Great elected Pope
781: Alcuin becomes royal advisor to Charles
1141: Hildegard of Bingen begins writing
1370: Catherine of Siena begins her Letters
1373: Julian of Norwich receives her revelations
1431: Joan of Arc burned at stake
1182: St. Francis of Assisi Born
A cog is a type of ship that first appeared in the 10th century, and was widely used from around the 12th century on.
Many Crusaders traveled to the holy land in an Italian Lateen rigged ship.
The Knorr ship dates about 1050 but was mainly designed for cargo
111 Correspondence between Pliny and Trajan
107 Ingnatius of Antioch is condemned to death and writes his seven letters
144 Marcion goes to Rome with his doctrine of a god who doesn't condemn
81 Domitian becomes Emperor of Rome
June 18 A.D. 64, a great fire broke out in Rome and Nero blamed
A.D. 161 Marcus Aurelius becomes Emperor
193 A.D. Septimius Severus becomes master of the Empire
Quadratus of Athens writes his apology in the early 2nd Century
160 Tatian writes his Diatessaron
1st or 2nd Century the Gnostic literature begins to appear.
The basic text of the New Testament was assembled around 150
130 Irenaeus of Lyons is born
215 Septimius Severus dies
Around 2nd Century Clement of Alexandria writes his "Exhortation to the Pagans."
198 Tertullian writes "On the Witness of the Soul"
207 Tertullian joins the Monastic movement.
155 Montanus the name sake of the Monastic movement is converted to Christianity.
Early 3rd Century Origen's mother hides his clothes to keep him from volunteering to be martyred with his father
202 Septimius Severus issues edict against Christians
203 Perpetua and Felicitas are martyred
249 Decius become Emperor and attempted to return Rome to the ancient gods.
303 Diocletian edict against Christians was an attempt to remove Christians from positions of influence within the Roman Empire
306 Constantine becomes Emperor of Rome
313 A Cathedral is built in Edessa
425 Augustine writes "De Civitate Dei" which proclaims Salvation through faith only.
455 Roman Emperor Valentinian III orders all bishops to submit to the bishop of Rome.
432 St. Patrick is taken as a prisoner to Ireland.
450 First British monasteries are established in Wales
533 Mercurius is elected Pope and takes the name of John II and is the first Pope to change his name on election.
1008 Sweden is Christianized
1032 Bendict IX the youngest Pope ever is elected. He was the last of the "Dynastic" Popes.
1049 Heinrich III appoints Pope Leo IX
1059 Humbert della Silva Candida publishes the rules by which Popes should be elected, restricting the electors to the Cardinals and forbidding interference from the Roman nobility or the Holy Roman Emperor.
1111 Paschal II resolves the conflict between Chruch and Empire by renouncing all of the Churches earthly possessions and by embracing Apostolic poverty.
1189 3rd Crusade is lead by King Richard the Lion-Hearted of England
1200 Jews are expelled from England
1302 Boniface the VII "Unam Sanctam" proclaims that it "is absolutely necessary for salvation that every human creature be subject to the Roman Pontiff"
1321 Jordanus a Domincan monk is the first Christian missionary in India
1321 Fransican monk
William of Occam is excommunicated for preaching that the Church should not own property
1324 Fransican monk Marsilio da Padova publishes "Defender of Peace" where he argues that the church should not have influence over secular affairs.
1347 The Plague caused a decline of Monasticism
1384 John Wycliffe dies
1396 the English translation of the bible started by John Wycliffe is completed.
1414 The Council of Constance assembles to settle the schism of the three Popes; Greory XII, Benedict XIII, and John XXIII
1439 A treaty is signed to unify the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Chruch.
180 The Didascalia (The teachings of the Apostles) opens in Alexandria a school of Christian theology
300 The population of the Roman Empire is 60 Mil and about 15 Mil are Christians
323 Constantine builds a church to the Apostle Peter on the Roman cemetery where the martyr is buried
379 The Roman Empire bans Arianism
263 Eusebius of Caesarea is born an early church historian and author.
371 Martin reluctantly named Bishop of Tours
347-407 John Chrysostom (the golden mouthed) lived. He is recognized as a saint by both the Western and Eastern Churches.
336 The first recorded celebration of Christmas
380 Christianity made official religion of Roman Empire
1483 Martin Luther is born in Eisleben Saxsony
900 Bible stories were acted out in Church plays.
600 Roman Catholic Church restricts Bible to only Latin with a threat of execution.
1215 Pope Inoccent III call the Fourth Latern Council
1065 Westminster Abbey consecrated
991 Arch Bishop Arnulf of Rheims accuses Pope John XV of being the Anti-Christ
1337 to 1453 the Hundred Year War
150 the four offical Gospels assume their final form
Augustine debated Pelagius and had him declared a heretic at the Council of Carthage in 418
Augustine doctrine of original sin was affirmed in 431 by the Third General Council in Ephesus condemning the teachings of Celestius and Nestorius
1212 The Childrens Crusades starts. Although 50,000 died they never reached a battlefield.
By Mike Rieckhoff
Ancient Church History
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