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Social Work Case Study
Transcript of Social Work Case Study
These factors will be outside of the individual(s) control.
They may be external to the individual(s) micro-environment. Example Threat: Mr. Grey works at a high stress level job. Explanantion: A high stress level job would be considered outside of the individual's control and external to his micro-environment (the home) Eliminate A Social Worker may want to eliminate threats. When threats are identified it would be up to the creativity of the Social Worker to create ways to empower individuals to eliminate threats Example Recap: High level stress job Eliminating this threat may be as simple as suggesting that Mr. Grey receive counseling at his work. Opportunities Example Create Identify positive influences external to the individual(s) and their micro-environment.
Influences should have psychological or behavioural positive influences Opportunity: Mrs. Grey expresses interest in seeking counselling at women's shelters Explanation: Mrs Grey is willing to empower herself by seeking the aid through the opportunities that women's shelters can provide. Social Workers need to create opportunities for clients to work through issues regarding their situations. Opportunities present themselves through gathering evidence for building a case Example Recap: Mrs. Grey expressed interest in seeking help from women's shelters Social Workers should assess their client's life-skills and interests in improving their life situation and then recommend and refer clients to agencies that will give their clients opportunities for self-improvement. Vulnerability Personal in origin.
Individual(s) are susceptible to personal choices that have negative outcomes for themselves and others.
Solutions may involve long-term implementation Vulnerability: Mrs Grey is vulnerable to alcohol abuse. She also mixes prescription drugs with her alcohol. Example Explanation: It is important to not make assumptions about the client but note that they are vulnerable to certain negative influence. This type of vulnerability may impair her ability to fulfill her role as a caregiver. Work With Social workers can work with client's vulnerabilities so that they can regain control over personal choices that have negative impacts and influence over them. Example Recap: Mrs. Grey is vulnerable to mixing prescription drugs and alcohol. In this situation a Social Worker may want to offer counselling or refer clients to programs regarding addictions. A Social Worker may encourage Mrs. Grey to participate in an intervention by her family members. It is important for Social Workers to present themselves as an ally and work through this process with clients while encouraging positive results. Christian Grey (father), Anna Grey (mother), Teddy Grey (oldest child, 11 years old), Phoebe Grey (middle child, 9 years old), and Kate Grey (youngest child, 2 years old). Christian comes from a European background.
Anna is of Italian heritage.
Mrs. Grey is a stay at home mother.
Mr. Grey is employed as a judge.
Come from a high socio-economic background.
Live in an upscale gated neighbourhood.
Teddy and Phoebe attend the same school. Mr. Grey is physically, verbally, and emotionally abusive toward Mrs. Grey
While this occurs he locks the children in the playroom for hours at a time and forces Anna to leave Kate crying in her crib
He is verbally and emotionally abusive toward the children, talking down on them when they make a mistake
Mrs. Grey became depressed due to the situation and has started abusing the prescription she has received for this
She has also started abusing alcohol and mixing it with her medications Family Issues Mrs. Grey has forgotten to pick the children up at school a few times because of this
Teddy has started to become aggressive at school due to the situation at home
Phoebe has started to become disconnected at school and her grades are starting to fall due to the situation at home
Mr. Grey has threatened Mrs. Grey that if she takes the children and leaves with them that he will make sure they are taken away from her and that she is arrested for kidnapping.
Mrs. Grey wants to leave the relationship but she could not financially support herself and the children and has no place to go. Threats Opportunities
(TOVS) Thread of Vulnerability Monsters In The Closet Domestic Violence From A Childs View TOVS Chart for Mr. Grey TOVS Chart for Mrs. Grey Strengths Comes from personality and character and may be communicated verbally or through actions, e.g. values or philosophy.
Could include extracuricular activities, and day to day activities.
Promote positive influence in psychology and behaviour for the individual(s) and others. Example Strength: Mrs. Grey enjoys gardening. Explanation: This is seen as a strength because Mrs. Grey has the capacity to care and nurture unconditionally for living things. Caring and nurturing living things are life-skills that are valuable especially when there is limited reciprocity. These life-skills also show Mrs. Grey's ability to assess needs, make decisions, and implement those decisions. The simple act of gardening can be transposed to empower her with the courage to assess her own needs, make her own decisions and implement her own plan to better her life situation. Highlight As a Social Worker, while it may be hard to understand the strengths or admirable qualities of individuals because of the situation that has arised, strengths of the individual should be identified and affirmations of these strengths should be communicated throughout the worker-client relationship. Example Recap: Mrs Grey enjoys gardening A Social Worker can identify Mrs. Grey's hobby of gardening as a strength. By outlining the three major processes of gardening: planning a garden based on environmental needs, decision-making to provide a habitable environment for plants, and implementing a routine that assists plants in growth can be transposed to her ability to deal with her real life situation. Family-Centered Practice Family-centered practice believes in:
Creating a good trusting relationship with all family members
Making sure family members are participating and included in decision making in regards to making goals and understanding the situation
Preserving families and their relationships
Using strengths-based approaches like empowerment
Working with the parents on the needs of the family recognizing that the family knows what is best Family Centered Making sure that we as the social workers do not push our own beliefs and perspectives onto the family
Be open about issues around confidentiality that may be considered as legal matters
Working with the families to establish what the priorities and needs are in their situation
Finding out what is important to the family Hierarchy of needs TOVS Chart for the Children Individual Concerns for Children of Domestic Violence Practice Concerns “Exposure to violence may desensitize children to aggressive behaviour” (Baker, Jaffe, & Ashbourne, 2002, p. 7).
“Children living with domestic violence are at risk for increased emotional and behavioural problems” (Baker, Jaffe, & Ashbourne, 2002, p. 2)
“Children may imitate and learn the attitudes and behaviours modeled when intimate partner abuse occurs” (Baker, Jaffe, & Ashbourne, 2002, p. 7).
“…children in homes with domestic violence are at increased risk for physical abuse by the batterer” (Haight, Shim, Linn, & Swinford, 2007, p. 42). Behind closed doors, Mr. Grey may continue to abuse Mrs. Grey
If the situation keeps getting worse it may escalate towards the children
The family may still be at risk and the children and/or Mrs. Grey may need to be removed from the household Thank You References
Baker, L. L., Jaffe, P. G., & Ashbourne, L. (2002). Children exposed to Domestic Abuse.
Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System. 1-32. http://www.lfcc.on.ca/ece-us.PDF
Corey, J., & Davis, K. (2008). When Love Hurts, A Woman’s Guide to Understanding Abuse in
Relationships. Second Edition. Womankind Press.
Dombrowski, Claudine. (2011, December 19). Monsters in the Closet – Domestic Violence
From a Child’s View. [Video File]. Retrieved from
Domestic Abuse Intervention Plan. (Unknown date). Power and Control Wheel. Retrieved
Haight, W. L., Shim, W. S., Linn, L. M., & Swinford, L. (2007). Mothers’ Strategies for
Protecting Children from Batterers: The Perspectives of Battered Women Involved in Child Protective Sevices. Child Welfare, 86(4), 41-62. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=334c58d2-0a27-47b1-9587-7e3e8 52612b8%40sessionmgr15&vid=2&hid=21 &bquery=Mothers%27+Strategies+for+Prot ecting+Children+from&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1la 9zdC 1saXZlJnN jb3BlPXNpdGU%3d
Ontatio Association of Children’s Aid Societies. (2006). Eligibility Spectrum. Ontario Child
Sibilia, Elvis. (2012, September 8). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from
Wright, A. & Hiebert-Murphy, D. (2011). Family-Centered Child Welfare Practice. In
Kufeldt & McKenzie. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press. Questions? Wright & Hiebert-Murphy, 2011 Wright & Hiebert-Murphy, 2011 (Sibilia, 2012)