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Transcript of Editing: Transitions
The term transitions relates to way that we get from one camera shot to the next. The transition used can have a massive effect on the meaning of a scene.
The most common transitions
Cut: The most basic type of shot transition, the cut is the most common way to join two shots. It is the most basic in that the film undergoes no special processes to perform a cut; the two film strips are simply played one after the other. While watching the movie, this is where one image on screen is instantly replaced with another, often in the form of a camera angle change.
Jump Cut: A jump cut is usually the result of a continuity error, and not a stylistic choice by the director. A jump cut occurs when a cut, designed to act merely as a camera angle change , reveals a continuity error between the two shots.
Fade in/out: A fade occurs when the picture gradually turns to a single color, usually black, or when a picture gradually appears on screen. Fade ins generally occur at the beginning of a film or act, while fade outs are typically found at the end of a film or act.
Dissolve: Like the fade, a dissolve involves gradually changing the visibility of the picture. However, rather than transitioning from a shot to a color, a dissolve is when a shot changes into another shot gradually. Dissolves, like cuts, can be used to create a link between two different objects, a man telling a story, and a visual of his story, for instance.
Wipe: A wipe involves one shot replacing another, traveling from one side of the frame to another. This example describes a vertical line wipe, though this is but one type of wipe. Another common type of wipe uses objects in the scene, rather than an invisible vertical line. One interesting application of this would be to create the illusion of a camera passing through the ceiling of the bottom floor of a multi-story house to the ground of the floor above. In this case, shot A would consist of the camera rising to the ceiling, and shot B would have the camera rising from the ground. A wipe transition give the impression the camera is passing between the floors of a house. The wipe shape can also be circular through the use of the camera's iris. By closing the iris, a blurry circle sweeps inwards to the middle of the frame, drawing attention to the subject occupying this center space.
Right, in order to learn how these cuts can help to tell a story, I am going to get you to use them to tell a basic story in a number of different ways. Use the handout to plan your different sequences and then shoot and edit them to gain the desired effect.