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Juxtaposition & Surrealism

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Lewis Hales

on 1 February 2014

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Transcript of Juxtaposition & Surrealism

Surreal Photography
Randy Scott Slavin
Thanks for watching
Juxtaposition Definition :
1. An act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
2. The state of being close together or side by side

Surrealism Definition:
1. 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature which sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, for example by the irrational juxtaposition of images.

Surreal Definition:
Having an oddly dreamlike quality.

For this unit of my A level I have chosen to study the topic juxtaposition. And as I researched I found that this Topic related to the Surrealism.
I started initial research to do this I began to look into famous artists that were related Surrealism for example the surrealists called Rene Magrite and André Bretón.
André Bretón
My Versions:
Joan Miro
The Ladder of Escape
Tate Modern: Exhibition

Zev Hoover
Gregory Euclide
Dream like state
My experimentation
Creating a little planet
Planets and Time lapse photography:
Creating a cloud based on Berndnaut Smilde :
Native American Dreams

David Mach
Juxtaposition & Surrealism
Berndnaut Smilde
Applying clouds to my own little worlds:
Gregory Euclide has inspired me to create 3D landscapes
using Analyph and creating pieces of artwork which come alive through the painting. I love how he makes a painting, literally come alive using 3d objects therefore taking this in to view i am going to create 3D worlds based apon my research of Randy scott Slavin and Gregory Euclide. I also want to try making clouds on top of the 3d world using the technique of Berndnaut Smilde.
Using the technique of Tilt shift:
Using the technique of Zev hoover.
Planets are created by a Photoshop simulation where you turn the photo inside out and then you adjust the contrasts, brightness and saturation. After this process is completed you go to filter distort, polar coordinates which create the photo from a flat image into a sphere ( little planet..) From this research and the starting point of "dreams" it has led me to create mini planets based on Randy Scott Slavin, however to also create surreal images I want to try it from different p[perspectives such as little world to going inwards like a black hole. From looking at different perspectives on how little planets can be created It has led me to other photography mediums such as tilt shift and also the artist Gregory Ecluide by actually making little 3d planets from designs.

The main reason I have been led to this is not only through my research but through a dream I recently had where I was Microscopic person in a huge world.
To create a cloud I would use a similar technique where I would dampen the air and then use a smoke machine to create a cloud.

However I have combined two artist Berndnaut Smilde and Gregory Euclide by actually creating little 3D planets in jars and then using another technique to make clouds in a jar. So therefore the little planet is literally alive as it has a real cloud moving around in side it with a handmade little planet below.b
Many artists have been influenced through dreams to create their surreal artwork. Therefore I am wanted to look into a dream like state because it has influenced previous artists to create their pieces of work.

This idea of a dream like state is influence by my own experiences with the Native American culture. So I wanted to experiment with this. The native americans heavily belief in protecting their dreams with sacred objects from dream catchers which prevent your dreams from being harmed by evil spirits and devils, whereas charm necklaces just protect your dreams in general.

The reason why I have experienced the native American Culture is due to the fact that my parents took us to America, at a young age, in which we went to museums and spoke to many Native Americans on what they believed and why.

And also From a young age my mother believed that dream catchers and this mythology could prevent the bad dreams that you would have. The Native Americans are so blessed as not only do they care about there dreams and that state but they care for nature as well. Lastly the main aspect why Native Americans have been involved in my project is due to there beliefs in dreams and how dreams influence the surreal world.
Dream Artists:
Planets inside Jars:
Clouds have carried all sorts of negative meanings; they have been read negatively as a sign of misfortune or the feeling of God or as simply as a mark in the. But for Dutch artist Berndnaut Smilde, it seems that the clouds that have appeared in his world and he has made a surreal piece of artwork. Using his technique I am going to create my own clouds but on top my little universes and planets. Having a cloud in a room really changes our perspective on how they are made.
Salvador Dali
Initial Research
Rene Magritte
What I have understood from my Initial Research:
From the research of artists, that I have created, I began to realize that each artist has a dream like state style to their art. Something that you wouldn't see in real life. As their work has worked brilliantly it has inspired me to follow the same process. Therefore from this conclusion I began to create art based around this statement.
Dream Photographers
" time lapse videos
To create more of a surrealist approach and a dream like state I added steam to the in the layer between a jar and once this condensed it create a cloud. I refined this idea from the beginning approach as I used cotton wall which not only looked unrealistic but childish.

Berdmaut Smilde was my initial research into make clouds with little planets inside jars.
Dream Journal
Jeremiah Morelli
Native american inspired dream necklace
From looking at Andre Breton I was thoroughly inspired by how he uses simple objects to create surreal outcomes. Such as the juxtaposition between the apple and the man.

"Another way to find subjects to paint is to recall your dreams. Dreams use the unconscious and put things together in strange ways." ANDRE BRETON QUOTE.

I believe in the future resolution of these two states, dream and reality, which are seemingly so contradictory, into a kind of absolute reality, a surreality, if one may so speak.”
From looking at Joan Miro I dismissed a lot of his work because i didn't like the meaning behind it and his work didn't connect with me. I was rather confused with the juxtaposition of colours in his work and the random patterns. However I did like his representation of a chicken and how the background is blurred so that the chicken is more apparent and vibrant.
Therefore from looking at John Miro I have taken away how he has blurred his backgrounds and I may use this aspect in my work.
"Miró was among the most iconic of modern artists, evolving a Surrealist language of symbols that evokes a sense of freedom and energy in its fantastic imagery and direct colour. Often regarded as a forefather of Abstract Expressionism, his work is celebrated for its serene, colourful allure. However, from his earliest paintings onwards, there is also a more anxious and engaged side to Miró’s practice, reflecting the turbulent political times in which he lived. This exhibition will explore these responsive, passionate characteristics across six decades of his extraordinary career.

Joan Miró: The Ladder of Escape will examine the artist’s varying degrees of engagement over his lifetime. These are rooted in the complex identity politics associated with Catalonia, as revealed through Miró’s representation of its landscape and traditions" www.tate.org.uk/about/press-office/press.../joan-miro-ladder-escape‎

Rene Magritte has a dream like quality to his art. When you look in further into his art you can see things that you wouldn't expect at all.

The main aspect of his work that appeals to me is how he mixes reality with a dream like state. For example its "raining men", this painting uses the reality of rain and mixes it with the impossible. Human beings falling from the sky.
“Surrealism had a great effect on me because then I realized that the imagery in my mind wasn't insanity. Surrealism to me is reality” . This quotation was the main inspiration for my whole project it was written by one of my favourite musicians, John Lennon
The technique of tilt shift is to apply blur to the top and bottom of the photo creating an effect that looks like a model, however to achieve the best effect it needs to be taken from a hight looking down as this is how a model would look in real life.

This photo is flat and hasn't worked that well however I will refine the idea once I have been to London to create the higher perspective photos.
These pieces were inspired by Randy Scott Goldman. He was my initial inspiration for the final design of " life in a small world". This is because once I had made my own little photography worlds, And from this it made me think about how to preserve these worlds in reality. (life in a jar)
American photographer and filmmaker Randy Scott Slavin, who makes us view the world in another light. In his Alternate Perspective series he can take up to a hundred pictures of a scene to build up a 360 degree image before stitching them together to make a stereographic projection. (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/9211389/Alternate-Perspectives-surreal-landscape-photography-by-Randy-Scott-Slavin.html?frame=2196524)
I just love the passion that is put into to his images and how he has changed a simple scenario into a surreal scene. If there was anything that I would take forward from his art it would be how he uses alternative perspectives.
Overall looking at this artist and experimenting with his technique has inspired me for a final artifact based on "life in a little world".
There is only one difference between a madman and me. The madman thinks he is sane. I know I am mad.
Salvador Dali
Have no fear of perfection - you'll never reach it.
Salvador Dali
Salvador Dalí frequently described his paintings as “hand painted dream photographs.” The ants and melting clocks are recognizable images that Dalí placed in an unfamiliar context or rendered in an unfamiliar way. Dalí’s imagination for his paintings initially comes from his dreams. Then he adapts the concept to a more surreal state and paints the images that are in his mind. Although Dali is a famous artist I still wanted to research him because I believe some of his theories could help me produce surrealistic work.

Time is the theme here, from the melting watches to the decay implied by the swarming ants. Mastering what he called “the usual paralyzing tricks of eye-fooling,” Dalí painted this work with “the most imperialist fury of precision,” but only, he said, “to systematize confusion and thus to help discredit completely the world of reality.” There is, however, a nod to the real: the distant golden cliffs are those on the coast of Catalonia, Dalí’s ho
Dali mainly focuses on painting rather than sculpture or media and since I have studied painting last year for my AS course. I mainly dismissed a lot of his processes and ideas as I wanted to experience something different.
Life in a little world
David mach inspired one of my final artifacts,"The money tree" the reason why he inspired was from seeing him live at a London exhibition. From this, he showed us his installations of leaves in a local setting. This inspired me as I wanted to put a surreal piece of artwork into my local woods. (Similar to his concept)
I love this piece, the juxtaposition between the window and the painting is perfect and so clever
The main reason i wanted to look at dreams was because of how obscure and different dreams are to the reality that we live in. I also wanted to experiment with this process because my own dreams have fascinated me for a long time but i could never include in my artwork before. This gave ,me the opportunity to do so.

Native American Inspired dream catcher:
These pieces were inspired by the native americans ideologies on how to prevent bad dreams. I think the most successful piece is the one blowing in the wind as the dream catcher is blurred and it captures the whole movement of how bad dreams are prevented.
My initial response from the research of the Native American ideologies was good because the dream i dreaded when i was a young kid was prevented. However the dream catcher didn't do much whereas I refined and reviewed this problem and tried wearing the necklace round me whilst I was sleeping, it actually stopped my bad dream.
Ronen Goldman introduced me in to process of recording dreams to create art. All his pieces were based on photography and I was planning on using photography as my main medium for some of my final artifacts.

I began to document my dreams from the 2nd of November using his theories.
I have been really interested in his work from the first time I saw it. The main inspiration I got from him was how to portray the dream that you had in the medium of photography.

" Always keep it simple" that it one of his main theories.
The main aspect I like about this photo is the ironic sense of humour.
He is a major inspiration to my art and I admire all his theories and ideas and how he has developed and refined them.
Dream Pot
Main aspect I took from Jeremiah Morelli's work was the use of mist in a scene. The mist made the scene more sinister and I would like to use a misty scene in my final work to create a sinister yet surreal piece..
In my Dream Journal I documented all my dreams over a month. Then once this process was finished I reviewed tall my dreams and took the 3 dreams which had the best practical potential to create final artifacts.
Then also to connect with a wider audience, I created a dream pot which held friends and family members dreams across a short period of time. This pot allowed me to connect closer with society when creating my art. I was glad that i did this as my art wasn't just a representation of my fears and dreams but of other people's too.
The two pictures shown are the dreams which I reviewed from the pot and I chose to create a small series of outcomes to relate to my society.
This was the first dream that i experimented and created a final artifact for.

The following series of next slides is my experimentation towards this project. ( Please look at the folder "life in a little world concept" on my memory stick)
This would be my final artifact for this project and therefore I sampled with many different types of materials to create the scenes in my jars.
Refining and reviewing of my samples to create this piece.
This was am oil painting based on the concept from my dream pot. The reason I chose clouds was solely because of the painting below however my oil painting came out more serious and demonstrated a dark reality. The painting I had created was also inspired by his painting technique. Painting somewhat realistically so that at first glance you think the painting shows real objects. Perhaps it is a painting of a real object, but upon closer inspection, the viewer realizes the situation depicted is impossible.
Final concept for "The money tree"
From my final piece i created a jar as you seen before you this piece was refined and reviewed throughout the process. Firstly I looked at making little planets and once this was finished. i went on to exaggerate what actually happened in the dream.

I sampled ( samples are located on memory stick) three different ways for this piece, i used needle felting for a whole jar which was quite effective however the detail was lost due to the wool but i refined this and used matchsticks to create the house. For the tree I sampled with a wire tree which was extremely successful it showed the detail and texture that was needed to create a surreal scene. Once this was completed I sampled with the wool for a tree it was effective for the creation of the leaves however some detail was lost, so reviewed this and used a wire tree for the final jar piece.

Overall I think this piece turned out rather well as it fitted my original intentions, (to create a surreal scene of a little world) However if i was to do this again I would try out more mediums to create trees and other objects inside the jar.
I also tried creating shadows from the jars to change the atmosphere and this led to one of my other final artifacts the walking clown.
Here i added light art to the photo as i wanted to change the atmosphere.
The Money concept developed from another dream taken from my journal.

I sampled with many ways to show that i found this money tree in the woods and to do this to create the best surreal effective I used Ronen Goldman as inspiration.

Look through the files on my memory stick called money tree experimentation.
Throughout his experimentation I tried out the main parts to create my final design. I used my samples of light art jars and then once my tree was created from newspaper and wire. I samples with apertures and shutterspeeds which is located on my memory stick under final experimentation. In this folder I tried out the shutter speeds and apertures to create my final design having a too long shutter speed blacked out the photo so i chose a speed of bulb which is a manual setting on my DLSR camera. This allows you to control the whole camera manually. I used a small f stop of 4 as i wanted a range of depth in the photo and therefore I also sampled with a higher aperture but this setting was mainly for the use of macro photography. SO to so extent this setting didn't work ( high aperture)

Overall From the sampling of jars too shutterspeeds and apertures, I believe i have created a piece of art representing this dream rather well. However if i was to do this again I would make the money more Apparent in the photo, to fit the concept better.

I also created a stop motion based on a dream from my dream pot. When making this film the reviewing and refinement of the transitions was particularly important and therefore I created 2 videos the second one was my refined and reviewed version where i changed the transitions. To create a better movie.
Trial version
Final version
Final Artifact
Photos are on memory stick if you want to see the development
"The Walking Clown"

This concept if a fear that i have suffered with from a young age. I have always been scared of clowns and this dream was about a clown chasing in the woods.
I sampled with various techniques during this project. From my photoshop of a fellow friend's shadow being transformed into a clown. This piece showed that anyone can have a bad side to them and in this case his bad side was reflected in his shadow. I really lieked this piece as it allowed me to experience with a software which i have struggled to use in the past. (The image is on my memory stick under the file shadow Photoshop.
For this final piece it was a development of a Photoshop composite that I had created.

I wanted to create the dream that i was scared of from a young age and present it in my artwork. To do this I used a animation called a gif. To experiment with this I created a series of small films with a mask I had made using modrock and then edited then in photoshop to create the animation.

The first time round of creating this gif it wasn't as scary as i wanted as the movements of the clown was very predictable so therefore I would refine this in my final gif to create a more daunting experience for the viewer. ( to find these gifs go to experimentation and then small gifs)

Also when creating this piece in the first sample the scene and atmosphere wasn't right as i wanted a fog /haze in the background of the piece. So therefore I refined this in my later Final Gif.
From all the experimentation of my small gifs it enabled me to create a great final design for this concept representing the dream in the way I suffered. Moreover when I was creating my Final gif I reviewed and refined the first mask that i used and believed that it wasn't scary enough so i changed the mask to a clay mask i had recently made.

This mask hit the ground running, when watching film that I had created it bought the dream straight back to my memory. And I was really happy with this.

Moreover when creating my final Gif I wanted to have the haze in the background and i captured this by using a long aperture so therefore the light wasn't blurred in contrast to the background and i had a quick shutter speed to freeze the motion of my movements in my film. Once all of this was created I spent alot of time editing this final gif animation.

Firstly It wasn't that scary as you could predict the movement of the clown so i asked a friend to tell me what he thought so i could refine the movements to make them more disjointed. To do this I moved single frames around so you didn't know when the clown was going to jump up.

Overall I am exceedingly pleased with this final piece as it really demonstrated the problems that i suffered at night and from reviewing and refining my piece using other peoples views was really helpful as it allowed me to change parts in the film where is was too predictable. I wouldn't change this final piece at all as I believe it has been produced and changed rather well to fit my interpretation of this dream.

I was also exceedingly happy with a trial piece for my final design. The reason why was this piece captured part of my dream in a still picture. ( this is found on my memory stick called trial piece in the folder of surreal mist)
I also sampled and reviewing with many different techniques to create my clown mask. My favourite was the clay and plastic mask this was because it demonstrated fear the best. Also I sampled with all these different mediums and i was glad that i used enamel paint in my final piece as it really highlighted the red lips of the mask created a really strong depth and scary piece of work.
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