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IBEW Road to Sustainability

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Brett Larsen

on 17 July 2013

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Transcript of IBEW Road to Sustainability

Road to Sustainability
Obama's Climate Action Plan
Renewable energy projects on public lands by 2020 to power 6 million homes
Establishes a new goal of 100 MW of renewables on federally assisted housing by 2020
Commercial, industrial, and multifamily buildings at least 20 percent more efficient by 2020
Reduce carbon pollution by at least 3 billion metric tons cumulatively by 2030

State agencies to identify and pursue opportunities to provide electric vehicle charging stations, and accommodate future charging infrastructure demand at employee parking facilities in new and existing buildings.
State agencies and outside entities, to develop an electric vehicle charging station infrastructure plan including the following:
Evaluate existing state-owned parking structures and parking lots and install plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure where most cost-effective and appropriate.
Plan for and install plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the new construction of state-owned parking structures.

Wind Resources
Existing utility-scale wind power generation in California is concentrated in 5 major Wind Resource Areas (WRA): Altmont, Pachecho, San Gorgonio, Solano, and Tehachapi. Three of these WRA's (Altamont, Tehachapi, and San Gorgonio) account for nearly 95 percent of all commercial wind power generation in California.
The Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (WRA) is located in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, east of the city of Livermore and west of the city of Tracy.
Wind energy projects totaling 5,549 MW of capacity are operating in California today, providing enough electricity to power more than 2 million California households. The California Wind Energy Association expects wind to provide over 6% of California's electricity supply in 2013.
Governor Brown's Executive Order
State buildings larger than 10,000 square feet to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED “Silver” certification or higher and to incorporate clean, on-site power generation, such as solar photovoltaic, solar thermal and wind power generation and clean back-up power supplies.
Zero net energy consumption for 50% of the square footage of existing state-owned buildings by 2025 and zero net energy consumption from all new or renovated state buildings beginning design after 2025.
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10% by 2015 and 20% by 2020,
Reduce grid-based energy purchases and other non-building, grid-based retail energy purchases by 20% by 2018,
Since 1978, California's renewable energy policies have created 1.5 million jobs and saved Californians more than $1,000 per household.
Solar Resources
County CSP Technical Potential (MW) PV Technical Potential(MW) PV Technical Potential(MW)
New Residential Roofs Commercial Roofs

Transmission Upgrades
The California ISO has identified and approved the transmission projects that provide sufficient capacity to enable the state to achieve the 33 percent renewables target by 2020.
Energy Consumption
Retrofit Market
New Green Building
The U.S. market for new commercial green building increased from $3 billion in 2005, comprising 2% of the commercial building market, to $41–$51 billion in 2010, comprising 28%–35% of the market.
By 2015 the new commercial green building market is expected to reach $118–$141 billion and comprise 40%–48% of the market.

California Commercial Buildings
Consume 37 percent of California’s total electricity.
Could cut that usage by 80 percent with new and existing technology.
Advances in lighting technology have created great potential for large negative-cost efficiency gains. Using CFL or LED technology offers average efficiency gains of 8–18 percent and 10–20 percent respectively.
Lighting accounts for 19 percent of building emissions, 27 percent of California commercial building energy consumption and represents one of the most cost-effective means of reducing electricity consumption.
Barriers and Potential Solutions
• In existing buildings, split incentives, elevated hurdle rates, upfront capital costs, and an information gap diminish large-scale adoption of energy retrofits.
• In new commercial construction, a lack of incentives for developers and ineffective installation and inspection methods are barriers to energy efficiency efforts.

Alameda County
Local Incentive Programs
California Solar Initiative Program (CSI). The CSI program provides a financial incentive for the installation of solar photovoltaic panels on a home or business.
Multifamily Affordable Solar Housing Program (MASH). The MASH program provides higher incentives to offset the costs of installing solar on multi-family affordable housing buildings in California such as apartment buildings.
New Solar Housing Partnership (NSHP). The NSHP program provides incentives for the construction of new, energy efficient homes that install solar.

Proposed Solar Farm In Eastern Alameda
The Mountain House Solar Farm, if built, would produce enough electricity for 250,000 homes and generate 400 megawatts of electricity, executives with Pegasus Energy Partners said.
The 2,000-acre East Bay solar farm, planned for open land north of Interstate 580 and west of the Mountain House community in Alameda County, could begin construction during the first few months of 2013.
Resource limitations and lack of expertise are two significant barriers to renewable energy adoption by local government. In an effort to help public agencies overcome these barriers, Alameda County, Joint Venture Silicon Valley and the Contra Costa Economic Partnership recently unveiled the Regional Renewable Energy Procurement Project (R-REP). This initiative will utilize collaborative procurement to purchase renewable energy systems for public agencies throughout Alameda, Contra Costa, San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties.
Governor Brown's Executive Order (electric vehicles)
Governor Brown's Executive Order lays the foundation to support 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by 2025.
Energy Department challenge to expand the availability of charging stations at work locations by tenfold within the next five years.
Alameda 0 8.09 377.92
San Joaquin 0 3.80 231.34
Calaveras 0 0.27 106.60
Californians consume 40 percent less electricity per person because of a
combination of factors ranging from climate and household size to fuel and industry mixes and
the state’s aggressive energy policies.
Solar Installations
The nation now exceeds 8.5 GW of cumulative installed solar electric capacity, of which 7.9 GW is PV. Solar nearly made up half (48 percent) of all new electric capacity installed in the U.S in 1Q13.
Average PV system costs were $3.37/W, a 24 percent drop over the past year.
SEIA and GTM predict more than 5.3 GW of installed solar energy will come online in 2013, 5.3 GW in 2014, 7.0 GW in 2015, and 9.2 GW in 2016
(Credit: SEIA, GTM Research)
Credit: California Center for Sustainable Energy
Today’s buildings consume 40% of U.S. energy, release 30% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and 38% of carbon dioxide emissions, and use nearly 13% of all potable water in the U.S.

Credit: McGraw-Hill Construction
In 2010, energy-efficient building retrofits comprised 66%–75% of $41 billion of total major retrofit and renovation spending. By 2014 that share is expected to rise to 85%–95% of $53 billion of total major retrofit and renovation spending.
Better Buildings Initiative proposed by the Obama administration.

One goal of the initiative is to achieve 20% improvement in energy efficiency in commercial buildings by 2020. The White House predicts that the improved efficiency will reduce commercial energy bills by $40 billion per year and view this as part of its plans to stimulate the economy.

In 2007 the Energy Independence and Security Act charged the U.S. Department of Energy to achieve market-ready solutions for Net Zero Energy (NZE) commercial buildings by 2030 with the goal of converting all existing building stock to NZE by 2050.
Much can be achieved through actions taken at the federal, state and local levels that raise standards, align incentives, and support the broad-based application of high-efficiency products and practices
• Informing consumers and businesses on the opportunities for efficiency improvements and their real cost savings is crucial. Also crucial is ensuring the proper use of equipment.
• The removal of structural impediments is key. For example, proper solutions to the split incentive problems between tenants and property owners will greatly increase efficiency retrofits and installations.
• More widespread adoption of PACE programs across the state will allow property owners to more easily afford investments in efficiency.

11 large-scale solar installations and installations of solar panels at two community housing projects have:
Save taxpayers about $700,000 a year in electricity costs
Provide enough daytime electricity to power more than 3,000 homes
Will prevent over 38,600 tons of carbon emissions over 30 years, equivalent to not driving over 96 million miles

In 2009, the County completed a lighting retrofit of 26,000 fixtures in over 3 million square feet at 52 county owned & leased buildings.
uses 30% less electricity with lamps lasting 6,000 hours longer than older lighting
Reduced mercury at County facilities by about 350,000 milligrams
Annual Savings:
Electricity: 2,921,000 kilowatt-hours
Taxpayer Dollars: $350,000

Single-Family Affordable Solar Housing Program (SASH). The SASH program provides higher incentives to offset the costs of installing solar on low-income single family homes in California.
Emerging Renewables Program (ERP). the Emerging Renewables Program provides financial incentives to customers who purchase and install small wind systems and fuel cells for on-site generation.
Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP). The SGIP program provides financial incentives for the installation of qualifying systems that generate more than 30 (kW).
The first phase of the Mountain House Solar Farm could come on line and begin producing electricity in 2014.
The solar farm would create 350 to 400 construction jobs over a two- to three-year period. Once built, the energy complex would have 40 to 60 permanent jobs.
Utilizing this successful model, regional collaboration will provide public agencies the following benefits:
•Reduced transaction costs & administrative time.
•Competitive contract terms (buyout options, performance guarantees, termination options, etc.) compared to similar projects.
•Standardized procurement documents, financing, and process.
•Accelerated financing and deployment.
•Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
•Local economic activity and job growth.

The R-REP is projected to include 19-20 public agencies for a total of 115 sites developed with renewable energy systems totaling 20 MW throughout Alameda, Contra Costa, San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties.
IBEW Positioning
IBEW has already incorporated two training programs to ensure our electricians are prepared to meet the growing demand for renewable energy and efficiency........
Staying Ahead
In order to keep up with rapidly changing technology and ensure we are positioned to take advantage of the new "green economy" we need to go a step further by implementing GPRO into our training curriculum. GPRO Electrical Systems (EL) explains the essential role electricians play on sustainable construction projects. Taught by industry experts using real-life classroom exercises, GPRO Electrical Systems gives experienced electricians the critical tools to transition from conventional to sustainable construction practices.
The California Advanced Lighting Controls Training Program (CALCTP)
A statewide initiative aimed at increasing the use of lighting controls in commercial buildings and industrial facilities.
Through proper installation, advanced lighting controls improve energy efficiency in commercial facilities and save significant dollars. CALCTP will educate, train and certify licensed electrical contractors, and state certified general electricians in the proper programming, testing, installation, commissioning and maintenance of advanced lighting control systems in commercial facilities.
The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program (EVITP) provides training and certification for electricians installing electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). As a voluntary non-profit collaboration of electrical industry organizations, EVITP supports developing electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure for residential and commercial markets. EVITP certified electricians are able to expertly and safely install a wide variety of electric vehicle infrastructure including charging stations, distributed generation, facility based electrical storage devices, and other industry products.
Electrical Vehicle Infrastructur Program (EVITP)
The training will help our electricians develop skills including:
Part 1: Fundamentals of Building Green
Economic and health benefits of green building
Causes and impacts of a changing climate
Transitioning to sustainable construction practices
Complying with green codes and standards
◦Understanding LEED
◦Overview of green building strategies
The importance of commissioning

Part 2: Electrical Systems
Important sustainability issues for electricians
Economic opportunities for the electrical industry
The role of electrical systems within the “whole-building” approach
The key differences between green and conventional electrical products and work practices
Improving efficiencies in lighting and HVAC
◦New technologies for distributed generation
Using benchmarking and other tools to maintain building performance
The electrician’s role in the building commissioning process
◦Retrofitting existing buildings with energy-efficient technologies
◦Green bidding issues for electricians

The Green Forecast
Health-related green building labels are taking force in construction specifications, growing more rapidly than any other aspect of green, according to Dodge SpecShare
One third of all home builders in the U.S. expect to be fully dedicated to building green by 2016.
Green construction jobs are following the green building market; 35 percent have green jobs today.

81 percent of executive leaders in corporate America believe the public expects them to engage in sustainability - one of the key forces driving corporations to institutionalize some green efforts.
30 percent of senior executive officers report that they are greening two-thirds of the buildings in their portfolio - with 47 percent expecting to do so by 2015.

Credit: State of California, office of the Governor
Credit: State of California, office of the Governor
Credit: Public Interest Energy Research
Credit: Public Interest Energy Research
Credit: Public Interest Energy Research
Credit: California Energy Commission,
Credit: Colaborative Economics
Solar Rooftop Installation numbers

Total installed or pending in California 1,544.7MW

California by sector: Residential 40.5% Commercial 26.7% Governmental/Non profit 32.8%

Megawatts Applications Total Cost
Alameda 58.7 4,924 $393,246,059
Residential 18.9 4,620 $146,388,442
Commercial 16.9 149 $109,283,016
Governmental/non-profit 22.9 155 $137,574,601

San Joaquin 32.0 1,534 $187,844,214
Residential 8.0 1,373 $55,369,437
Commercial 10.8 89 $64,100,660
Governmental/non-profit 13.1 72 $68,374,118

Oakland 12.9 974 $83,090,923
Governmental/non-profit 8.9 65 $51,309,569

State of CA, CEC, & CPUC
Full transcript