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By George Orwell

Lauren Devlin

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of 1984

The reasons for the current title of the novel are not absolutely known.
Switched (1948)
Fabian Society
Jack London's novel
Poem by his wife
(Newspeak for English
Socialism or the English
socialist party)
Major Characters:
Mr. Charrington
Autumne's Quotes
Language is important to human thought because it structures ideas that individuals are capable of formulating and expressing.
Totalitarian government is capable of eradicating any form of creativity, individualism and free thinking.
Privacy is a significant piece of human individuality and development.

"Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows" (Orwell 90)
"The worst thing in the world,"said O'Brien, "varies from individual to individual. It may be rial alive, or death by fire, or by drowning, or by impalement, or fifty other deaths. There are cases where it is some quite trivial thing, not even fatal."..."In your case the worst thing in the world happens to be rats"(Orwell 310)
"Under the spreading chestnut tree I sold you and you sold me: There lie they, and here lie we under the spreading chestnut tree" (Orwell 85).

Lauren's Quotes
Works in Ministry of Truth
Hates the government and Big Brother
Age 39 (at the beginning of the book)
Black mustache and a rugged look.
Changes: first hates the government, then he loves the government.
He shows his true self when he is with Julia.
Childhood shows who he really is (self-centered, selfish)
Big Brother
"Girlfriend" of Winston
Says she hates the government
Doesn't know what she wants
Dark brown hair and light brown eyes with dark lashes.
Changes: In the beginning she is in love with Winston and does not want to betray him. In the end she betrays him and stops caring about him and their love life.
Language is important to human thought because it structures ideas that individuals are capable of formulating and expressing.
In 1984
"alone time"
important as water
we allow it voluntarily
Mr. Charrington
Lives in an area where the proles live.
Owns a thrift store where Winston owns the room above.
Old man
Intellectual look
Around 60 years old
Changes: When first introduced he is a kind old man who wants to talk to Winston about the old days and how life used to be. In the end, he gives Winston up to the government and shows he works for the Thought Police.
Background on 1984
1984 was written in 1949

Big Brother is certainly a fusing of both Stalin and Hitler

Totalitarian government is capable of eradicating any form of creativity and individualism.
Hannah's Quotes
"We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it's end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship." (Page 288)

"'The proles are human beings,' he said aloud, 'We are not.'" (Page 180)

"Rebellion meant a look in the eyes, an inflection of the voice; at the most,an occasional whispered word." (Page 77)
"Newspeak was the official language of Oceania and had been devised to meet the ideological needs of Ingsoc" (Orwell 327).
Orwell Birth
Orwell Death
English-Indian police
George Orwell
"The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-view and mental habits proper to the devotees of Ingsoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible" (Orwell 327).
"This was done partly by the invention of new words, but chiefly by eliminating undesirable words" (Orwell 328).
Technology, which is generally perceived as working toward moral good, can also facilitate the most diabolical evil.
Hannah Merrick
Tharron Blain
Halie Eastham
Lauren Devlin
Autumne Kendricks
Privacy is a significant piece of human individuality and development.
Tharron's Quotes:
"He knew now that for seven years the Thought Police had watched him like a beetle under a magnifying glass. There was no physical act, no train of thought that they had not been able to infer" (Orwell 303).
"He did not know whether the thing was really happening or whether the effect was electrically produced; but his body was being wrenched out of shape, the joints were being slowly torn apart. Although the pain had brought the sweat out on his forehead, the worst of all was the fear that his backbone was about to snap" (Orwell 268).
1984 Presentation
1984 Book Background
The Proles
Eileen O'Shaughnessy
Orwell's sister Avril
"But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother" (Orwell 326).
"The Hate continued exactly as before, except that the target had been changed" (Orwell 118).
"No one whom we bring to this place ever stands out against us" (Orwell 280).
Only hope, if there is any at all, to overthrow the government
Have heavy, Irish-like accents.
Dirty, "uncultured" people.
Are like ordinary people today.
Have little to no common sense and are unintelligent.
The Proles
George Orwell background
Get killed by rockets sent from the "enemy."
Not much is known about them.
All the Party wants them for is their patriotism.
Party does not care what they do.
Represent the innocence and immaturity of the people (in real life) and how people are going to end up if they do not get educated and realize what is going on in their country and government.
Four years later
The novel
Quotes about The Proles
"They were born, they grew up in the gutters, they went to work at twelve, they passed through a period of beauty and sexual desire, they married at twenty, they were middle-aged at thirty, they died, for the most part, at sixty. Heavy physical work, the care of home and children, petty quarrels with neighbors, films, football, beer, and, above all, gambling filled up the horizon of their minds" (page 79).
"Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they rebelled they cannot become conscious" (page 78).
"There was a vast amount of criminality in London, a whole world-withing-a-world of thieves, bandits, prostitutes, drug peddlers, and racketeers of every description; but since it all happened among the proles themselves, it was of no importance" (page 80).
Quotes about The Proles
"In all questions of morals they were allowed to follow their ancestral code. The sexual puritanism of the Party was not imposed upon them. Promiscuity went unpunished; divorce was permitted for that matter, even religious worship would have been permitted if the proles had shown any sign of needing or wanting it. They were beneath suspicion" (page 80).
"Proles and animals are free" (page 80).
Party Employees
"Smith!...6079 Smith W! Yes,
! Bend lower, please!
better comrade. Now stand at ease, the whole squad, and watch me" (Orwell 41).
"It was my little daughter...she listened at the key hole. Heard what I was saying, and nipped off to the patrols the very next day" (Orwell 256).
Wear blue overalls
Mostly very poor
Many live in old, dirty, almost impoverished apartment buildings
Eat stale bread and food that gives no nourishment
Get rations for food, gin, coffee, etc.
Illegally get razors and other products of that sort from the Black Market
The Inner Party members are more wealthy (Have servants, have larger, clean houses, have real food like wine, nice food and real coffee)
Urban decay
Stalin and Hitler
Big Brother
The place where there is no darkness
"The voice came from an oblong metal plaque like a dulled mirror which formed part of the surface of the right-hand wall...The instrument (the telescreen, it was called) could be dimmed, bu there was no way of shutting them completely off." (Page 4)

"'There's no telescreen!' he could not help murmuring. 'Ah...I never had one of those things. Too expensive. And I never seemed to feel the need of it, somehow." (Page 107)

"As O'Brien passed the telescreen a thought seemed to strike him. He stopped, turned aside, and pressed a switch on the wall. There was a sharp snap. The voice had stopped." (Page 184)

Historical Background
Halie's Quotes
"All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. "Reality control," they called it: in Newspeak, "doublethink" (Orwell 18).
"To know and not to know, to be conscious of complete truthfulness while telling carefully constructed lies, to hold simultaneously two opinions which canceled out, knowing them to be contradictory and believing in both of them, to use logic against logic" (Orwell 39).
"Even to understand the word 'doublethink' involved the use of doublethink" (Orwell 39).
Plot Summary
"And so it was with every class of recorded fact, great or small. Everything faded away into a shadow-world in which, finally, even the date of the year had become uncertain" (Orwell 46).
"He must have been ten or eleven years old when his mother had disappeared...his father he rememebered more vaguely...he did not remember his sister at all" (Orwell 33).
"He pushed the picture out of his mind. It was a false memory. He was troubled by false memories occasionally. They did not matter so long as one knew them for what they were. Some things had happened, others had not happened" (Orwell 324).
Urban Decay
"London had always been quite like this. There were always these vistas of rotting nineteenth-century houses, their sides shored up with baulks of timber, their windows patched with cardboard and their roofs with corrugated iron, their crazy garden walls sagging in all directions" (Orwell 5).
"Everything had a battered, trampled-on look, as though the place had just been visited by some large violent animal...The kitchen sink was full nearly to the brim with filthy greenish water which smelt worse than ever of cabbage"(Orwell 25).
"Party members were supposed not to go into ordinary shops ("dealing on the free market," it was called), but the rule was not strictly kept, because there were various things, such as shoelaces and razor blades, which it was impossible to get hold of in any other way" (Orwell 8).
"The past was dead, the future was unimaginable" (Orwell 28).
“If you loved someone, you loved him, and when you had nothing else to give, you still gave him love” (Orwell 179).
“If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself" (Orwell 283).
1984 Background
1984 Background
1984 Background
"A nation of warriors and fanatics, marching forward in perfect unity, all thinking the same thoughts and shouting the same slogans, perpetually working, fighting, triumphing, persecuting - three hundred million people all with the same face." (Orwell 77)
"The essential act of the Party is to use conscious deception while retaining the firmness of purpose that goes with complete honesty." (Orwell 215)
"So long as they were actually in this room, they both felt, no harm could come to them." (Orwell 152)

Winston Smith is a low ranking member of the Party, the governing authority of the nation of Oceania. The party controls everything and everyone. Winston becomes conscious of this oppression and begins to despise the party, and spends his time with the proles in the poorer neighborhoods. He also begins an affair with his co-worker Julia. The longer this goes on, the more he begins to despise the party. He begins to get reckless with Julia and attempts to join the rebellion, however, the Party is always watching.
"Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere else." (page 273)
"If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face-forever"(page 293).
"We are the dead," (page 242).
Large, burly man, Thick neck, course, humorous, brutal face, civilized look and charming manner
Works with Winston in the Ministry of Truth.
Winston believes he is a member of the Brotherhood
Actually works for the Inner Party
Mysterious and intelligent
Practically reads Winston's mind
Insanely in love with Big Brother
Believes the only way to control people is through torture
Believes everyone who hates the government and Big Brother has a mental disease that needs to be cured.
Changes: When first introduced we believe he is part of the Brotherhood and wants to have Winston join. In the end,it shows that he is in the Inner Party and tortures Winston until he loves Big Brother.
"On each landing, opposite of the lift shaft, the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that they eyes followed you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption ran beneath." (Page 3)

"'Does Big Brother exist?' 'Of course he exists. The Party exists. Big Brother is the embodiment of the Party...It is of no importance. He exists.' 'Will Big Brother every die?' 'Of course not. How could he die?'" (Page 284)

"Two gin-scented tears trickled down the side of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother." (Page 326)
The Place Where There Is No Darkness
"Years ago...he ha dreamed that he was walking through a pitch-dark room. And someone sitting to one side of him had said as he passed: 'We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.'...a statement, not a command." (Page 28)

"To the future or to the past, to a time when thought is free." (Page 31)

"'I told you,' said O'Brien,'that if we met again it would be here.'" (Page 268)
Big Brother
Represents totalitarian government

Face of the Party

Unknown existence

Represents fear

Watches every move of citizens

Is a threat that hangs over the head of every person
Represents lack of privacy

Government is always watching
Those loyal to the Party gain more privacy

Represents propaganda

Party uses telescreens to constantly blare propaganda

The Place Where There Is No Darkeness
Represents the future

A place of no privacy

A place where nothing can be hidden

Represents Winston's Thoughts of the Party

He knows he will never be able to hide anything

He has to be transparents
Urban decay
"Alone Time"
Important as water
Allow it voluntarily
Stalin and Hitler
Suppressed citizens of that time
Worked with BBC
Abuse of power
Oblivious people
Changes citizens
Fills them with beliefs that aren't their own
World Wars
Warning for the future
Challenged people to stand up for themselves
Cultural Background
Takes place in Oceania
World divided
Three super powers

No personal thought
No contact with outside world

Constant war
Taught to hate
Full transcript