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Native American Culture

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Laurie Mcneilly

on 4 April 2015

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Transcript of Native American Culture

Family Dynamics
Arranged Marriages.
Men had to prove their worth.
In rare cases, where a man's brother would pass away, the surviving brother would take the widowed wife and make her his own , along with his already wife (Kuiper, 2011, p. 93).
Introduction
Background
The Indians lived a nomadic lifestyle and embraced a naturalistic way of life.
Indian Removal Act.
Trail of Tears
Communication Styles
Sign language
Different hand gestures with the same concepts were common to each individual tribe's knowledge, despite language barriers (Kiuper, 2011, p.115).
Tribal dances
story telling
Dietary Practice
A traditional Native American's diet consisted of antelope, moose, caribou, bison, beaver and different species of fish.
They also consumed mainly wild plants, berries, and nuts.
They produced vegetable crops such as corn, beans, and squash and rice.
Native American Culture
The Native American Indian culture has been around for centuries.
During the time of immigration to the U.S., the Native Indians adopted assimilation.
In 2010, the US census stated that as of today, there are approximately 5.2 million Native American Indians originating in the U.S. (Gray & Rose, 2012).
Scarification
Religious Beliefs and Rituals
Religious beliefs were based on relationships with supernatural forces, known as guardian spirits.
Hunting rituals
Respect for animals
sweat baths
Health Beliefs
When Native Americans became ill, it was believed to be caused by supernatural forces that were only out to gain revenge for wrong doings.
"Medicine Man."
In order to call upon his services, the family of a sick individual would lay out goods for him to take as gifts for his services (Vogel, 1990, pg. 35).
The Medicine Man would use snake fangs, drums, rattles and hollowed bone to drain fluids from the body.
Herbs and plants for treatment
Trephination
Health Illness
The top three diseases that hit the Native American tribe were smallpox, veneral disease, and the measles ( Kuiper, 2011, pg. 60-61).
Certain tribes lost more than 80% of their family due to rapid illness (Kuiper, 2011, pg. 61).
Sensitivity to Culture
As a healthcare worker it is important to be culturally sensitive to all cultures.
Allowing each patient to be comfortable to practice their own beliefs towards managing their health is a priority.
Conclusion
In conclusion, the Native American Indian culture continues to be practiced today in the United States.
Indian reserves
The foundation of today's modern medicine was laid out by the Native Americans.
References
Preformed to see if an individual female was emotionally and physically strong enough to carry and birth a child.
An elder would brand the young lady with a heated object onto the skin or cut the skin with a heated splinter of glass (Vogel, 1990, p. 192).
Gray, J.S., & Rose, W.J. (2012). Cultural Adoption for Therapy With American Indians and Alaska Natives. Jouranl of Multicultral Counseling and Development, 40(2), 82-92. doi:10.1002/j2161-1912.2012.00008.x

Kuiper, K. (2011). Native American Culture. New York, NY.:Britannica Educational Pub./Rosen Educational Services.

Vogel, V. (1990). American Indian Medicine. Norman: Univeristy of Oklahoma Press.
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