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Transcript of AIRPLANE
and can make peoples
-The design of airplanes
Lines of inquiry
-Each part of the airplane has an important job.
- Many types of aircraft have
similar functions to airplanes.
Wright brothers flew the first
airplane called Flyer.
Wright Brothers Flight
Had two propellers connected with
Their first flight took place at Kitty
Hawk North Carolina U.S. on December
Made by woods and big
Flyer's first flight was for 12 seconds and 36.6meters.
But it was great record in that time.
Q.When Orville and Wilber was working on invention, one
of their family member disagreed with them. Guess who is that!
4.Their two bigger brothers
If that family member was disagreeing,
what did that person not like about it?
HAVE ANOTHER GUESS!
1."It is a waste of time! Flying is reserved for angels!"
2."You crazy?! Who's going to pay those?
3."I don't want you to die by doing those crazy things!"
What did the person say after hearing about Wilber and Orvilles invention plan?
The answer is their father!
And he said, "It is impossible for men to fly
like birds in future.
Flying is reserved for
Do not mention that again. You are
being rude to god!"
But how do airplanes fly?
But planes now are huge!
Antonov An-225 Mriya
-Used for cargo
-Designed by Soviet
Union in 1980s
-Took 4 years to build
-6 turbo fan engines
-Longest, heaviest plane
-Wingspan 88.4 meters
-Height 18.1 meters
Antonov An-225 Mriya
Also planes now are used for traveling.
-6 wheels each gear, 2 wheels nose
Their home was
Dayton Ohio U.S.
But the idea of flying was from Leonardo Da Vinci's time.
Da Vinci is also known
as a painter. But he was
also an inventor.
Leonardo Da Vinci's flying machine
He sketched many flying machine but did not made them.
He tried to fly like bats and birds movement of flapping the wing but by human power. Human power was too
weak to takeoff. So he couldn't succeed it.
The secret is in the wing!
Four forces on an airplane
Air-cooled Radial engines were designed.
Popular engines before turbine
engine or jet engine was invented
Made by Ukyo
First flight simulator
Flight simulator trained pilots drive
Modern flight simulator
-The design of airplanes has developed over time.
Jet engine was designed and invented.
Used commonly for military jet planes.
First helicopter was invented
Helicopter are also great invention.
And it is also used now commonly as planes .
Boeing 747 designed
Boeing is popular passenger
plane making company.
Front landing gear
Main landing gear
Slats increase lift but
it is at the front of the wing.
It helps plane look up
and to slow down.
Made by Ukyo
Aileron does a sharp curve
and makes roll motion.
Cockpit is where pilots sit and drives and controls
every part of the plane.
Spoiler can make the plane slowdown and to go down.
A body of a plane.
Winglet makes a flight smoother.
Horizontal/Vertical stabilizer makes the flight stable.
Rudder is for turning the direction of plane softly.
Elevator can make the plane go up or down.
Landing gear is the parts that is used
for landing and takeoff.
Wood was used for early planes. Light and strong but needs more maintenance.
Aluminum is also light and strong and it is also used for cars.
Steel can be 4 times stronger
and 3 times harder and heavier than aluminum.
Graphite-epoxy is material
that is mixed with many materials.
Easy to change shapes.
Titanium is strong as steel but
lighter. It won't get bad by heat
and it lasts longer than steel or
There were many crashes.
Some of it changed the making of the airplanes.
So they changed the window square to round.
People tested the plane and found that crack were from windows.
after two planes crashed over Grand Canyon
people upgraded air traffic
Better teamwork of crew
after crash by captains mistake.
People started to repair plane parts correctly. After the crash by incorrectly repaired tail in 1985.
New material that doesn't catch fire easily.
After the plane explosion fire quickly spread.
People stopped using Concorde because
there was a big Concorde accident. Fuel tanks
and tire's were upgraded.
There are many aircraft that have similar functions to airplanes.
In helicopters a propeller is used
vertically instead of horizontally.
We need wind!
As airplane had to go fast to get
wind, helicopter spins the rotor and gets wind.
To get more lift, you can turn the angle of the rotor a bit. Like an elevator that spins really quickly.
The steering is controlled by changing a tail rotors angle. So
they push the air behind.
Which way to go?
The movement of going front, back, right,
and left is controlled by tilting the rotor.
Osprey has a 2 modes
Osprey is like an aircraft
combined with airplane and helicopter.
When Osprey is fast enough, it is ready to tilt
the propeller to horizontal.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
A helicopter would not crash
even the engine is off.
How does it work?
By controlling the angle of propeller and
using a wind to slow down.
-Max flight distance 933km
-Max takeoff weight 4.5 ton
-Used for spying and combat
or dangerous mission
-Max speed 220km
-Can reach up to the altitude of 3km
-Flight distance 730km
-Controlled by ground control station
or programed mission
-Can stay in the air for 24hours monitoring
Each part of the airplane has an important job.
Propeller blade of helicopter
(If the pilot is good)
Works Cited (Resource)
Craig,Freudenrich."How the V-22 Osprey works."
.InfoSpace LLC,Web.12 May 2015
"10 plane crashes that changed aviation"
.Web.23 Apr. 2015
Marshal,Brain / Robert,Lamb / Brian,Adkins"How airplanes work"
.Web.17 Apr. 2015
"How Things Fly"
Smithonian National Air and Space Museum
.Web.16 Apr. 2015
"The Forces of aeronautics"
NASA Virtual Skies Aeronautics
Web. 14 Apr. 2015
"Parts of an Airplane and their functions"
NASA Virtual Skies Aeronautics
.Web.14 Apr. 2015
"The Largest Airplane ever built."
. 28 Jan. 2015.Web.14 Apr. 2015
Ben,Hatch."10 Fun facts"
The Wright Brothers.
Weebly,Web.13 Apr. 2015
Dr.Robert,J.Shaw. "Ultra-Efficient Engine technology"NASA.Web.10 Apr. 2015
Jonathan,Glancey."The crashes that changed plane designs forever."BBC.15 Apr. 2014.Web.9 Apr. 2015
Larvy,Hama / Bill, Cain.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
.New York: Scholastic,2007.Print.
Melvin / Gilda,Berger.
Can you fly high, Wright Brothers?.
Leonardo beautiful dreamer
"Toribia no izumi herikoputa- wa ennzinn ga tomatte mo tuirakusinai" Youtube.Web.21 May 2015