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Intro to the Synthesis Question
Transcript of Intro to the Synthesis Question
Understand and ANALYZE texts
Develop a position
Support a position with appropriate evidence from provided sources
Incorporate/weave sources into your essay
Tips: Developing the Body
Paragraph One: (Transition from opening paragraph)
Evidence: Source C & Fifth amendment to empathize
Evidence: Source A to support C
Evidence: Source B to support negative attitude associated with topic
Evidence: Source E to provide counterclaim
Evidence: Source B to qualify
Evidence: Source F to provide exception
Source G to call to action
B/c of time, the writer may use the fourth source as part of the conclusion--but you must still end with YOUR own words/ideas
AP Language Synthesis Question
Tips: Before Writing
Wisely use the allotted, prewriting 15 minutes of reading time.
Read all three prompts? Decide the best strategy for you!
Deconstruct the synthesis prompt
Develop a position?
Evaluate the implications?
Read and annotate each of the given texts related to the synthesis prompt
Decide how you will address the prompt (start to develop before you read sources, but be flexible--you may need to revise "thesis" after reading the sources
8 to 10 minutes planning the support of your position (mapping out sources for each supporting point/paragraph)
25 minutes writing the essay
3 minutes checking to make certain of minimum number of sources and proper citations
Tips: Working the Prompt
Read the introduction
Identify the essential elements of the prompt
Create a brief listing of the major points you want to include, the order in which you will present them, and the sources that support each point
Tips: Developing the opening paragraph
When creating the opening paragraph, most student writers feel more in control if they:
refer specifically to the prompt and or introduction
clearly state their position on the given topic
Synthesis Essay Rubric
Essays earning a score of 9 meet all the criteria for 8 papers and, in addition, are especially full in their understanding of the complex ideas presented in each of the documents chosen. Essays earning a score of 9 are especially apt in their ability to synthesize the information in 3 or more documents in assembling a purposefully argued essay. They also demonstrate particularly
impressive control of language.
Essays earning a score of 8 demonstrate an excellent understanding of the complex ideas presented in each of the documents chosen. These essays effectively synthesize the information in 3 or more documents in assembling a purposefully argued essay. These essays refer to the documents chosen implicitly or explicitly, synthesizing each important idea, correctly grouping more than one source together under the same subtopic. The prose of an 8 essay demonstrates an ability to control a wide range of the elements of effective writing, but it is not flawless.
Essays earning a score of 7 more complete, well developed, and integrated argument or a more mature writing style (than a 6)
Essays earning a score of 6 demonstrate an adequate understanding of the complex ideas presented in each of the documents chosen. These essays adequately synthesize the information in 3 or more of these documents in assembling an adequately argued essay. They refer to the documents chosen implicitly or explicitly, synthesizing most of the important ideas. They group more than one source together under the same subtopic, but sometimes they do so incorrectly. Their writing may contain a few lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear.
McGraw Hill 5 Steps to a 5 (2010-11)
5: Demonstrates the writer understands the prompt. Argument/claim is generally understandable, but the development and/or integration of appropriate evidence and at least three of the given sources are limited, strained, or uneven. The writer's ideas are expressed clearly with a few errors in syntax or diction.
4: not an adequate response to the prompt. The writer's argument indicates a misunderstanding, an oversimplification, or a misrepresentation of the assigned task. The writer may use evidence that is inappropriate, insufficient, or fewer than 3 sources. The writing presents the writer's ideas, but it may indicate immaturity of style and control.
3: less effective than a 4 in addressing the prompt. Also less mature in syntax and organization.
2: little success in addressing the prompt. The writer may misread the question, only summarize the given sources, fail to develop the required argument, or simply ignore the prompt. The writing may also lack organization and control of language and syntax. NOTE: No matter how good the summaries, the essay will never rate more than a 2.
Spend 20-25 minutes writing the body of your essay. After reading the sources, make a quick outline like this one that includes the evidence you will use & a strong verb that states the purpose of the evidence:
Upper Tier Scores encompass the following:
Lower Tier Scores