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Hafsa Akhalwaya

on 11 March 2015

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Semantic field
‘ The system of language means is seen through the semantic principle of their grouping. It is this objective foundation of the grouping of language means employed in speech that provides the possibility of description’(Bondarko 1991).

Polysemy
Lexical Semantics
Hyponymy

‘A word whose meaning is included in that of another word’ (Collins 2015).

Stylistic Analysis
Introduction: Lexical Semantics and Conceptual Metaphor Theory
'It seared with sharp color and ringing
sound
. Cold on her skin,
pain
gripping her limbs, burning them. The
taste
was fiercely metallic in her mouth. And there was the new sense, the fifth sense I'd never had, that took the particles from the air and transformed the into strange messages and pleasures and warnings in her brain-scents.They were distracting, confusing to me, but not to her memory. The memory had no time for the novelties of
smell
. The memory was only
fear
'.


'I had never felt such an emotion as this in all my lives. For another second, my revulsion pulled me away from the memory. A high, shrill keening pierced my

ears

and pulsed in my

head
. The sound scraped through my

airways
. There was a weak pain in my
throat
'.
Antonymy
Conventional Metaphor
Invarience principle
‘A conventional metaphor is a metaphor that is commonly used in everyday language in a culture to give structure to some portion of that culture’s conceptual system'(SIL International 2004).
'The language I found myself using was odd, but it made sense. Choppy, boxy,blind and linear. Impossibly crippled in comparison to many i'd used, yet still it managed to find fluidity and expression. Sometimes beauty.
My language now. My native tongue
'.
Micro and Mega Metaphors
Target and source domain
‘All conceptual metaphors consist of a
target domain
(that which is being discussed) and a
source domain
(the ‘source’ of the metaphor)'(Jeffries and Mcintyre 2010).

Target and source domain

Heat

shot through my
veins
,
and a violent
hatred
nearly
choked
me’.

Target
Source
References
‘The invariance principle hypothesises that the mappings between domains of a conceptual metaphor preserve the schematic structure of the source domain in a way that is consistent with the structure of the target domain’ (Lakoff and Turner1989:82).

Lexical semantics focuses on the study of meaning in language. Conceptual metaphor refers to the understanding of one idea in terms of another. The novel we analysed is ‘The Host’ by Stephenie Meyer.
'Antonymy refers to contrasts of word meaning chiefly in adjectives, but also nouns, and occasionally verbs' (Wales1990).
‘I knew
it would begin with the end
,
and the end would look like death to these eyes. I had been warned. Not these eyes. My eyes. Mine. This was me now'.

'
The language I found myself using was odd, but it made sense
.
Choppy,boxy,blind,and linear. Impossibly crippled in comparison to many I’d used, yet still it managed to find fluidity and expression'.

'Goading the
blunt clumsy limbs foreword but hampering them
at the same time'.

'Megametaphors is the term used to refer to metaphors which have been extended across large segments of a text or across the texts'. (Grigoriou 2009).

'Polysemy describes how words have more than one meaning which is gained over a period of time, without the established meanings being lost. This is allowed in language because of contexts however, ambiguity could occur'
(Wales1990).

'For one second, that discomfort pulled me free of the memory. But it was only a second, and then I was dragged in again, and my eyes
filled
with horrified tears.
...but the pulse is so loud behind my ears it
drowns
everything else out'.
Mega metaphor: CHANGE IS PAIN
Micro- metaphor
'When we interpret conceptual metaphors we map concepts from the source domain onto the target domain' (Jeffries and Mcintyre 2010).
The frameworks we chose to analyse the text are lexical semantics and Conceptual metaphor theory.
Criticism
‘Literary discourse often disregards the invariance principle in the pursuit of a novel metaphor’(Jeffries and McIntyre 2010).

'The
air
in her nose was
uncomfortable'.

'The
memory
that was not mine was so frighteningly strong and clear that it
sliced through my control
'.


Target
Source
Five senses
Descriptive language
Conclusion

Both frameworks support the text, because they both highlight the thoughts and feelings represented by the protagonist .

Using textual analysis we were able to identify the protagonists personality.

Body :
hands, Stomach, limbs, mouth,eyes
About Education (n.d)
Conventional Metaphor
[online] available from < http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/convmeterm.htm> [03 March 2015]

Bondarko, Alexander V. (1991)
Functional Grammar. A Field Approach.
Herndon: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Collins (n.d)
Definition of hyponym
[online] available from<http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/hyponym>[03 March 2015]

Glossary of Linguistics terms (n.d) Conventional Metaphor [online] available from < http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/glossaryoflinguisticterms/WhatIsAConventionalMetaphor.htm> [03 March 2015

Gregoriou,C.(2009)
English literary stylistics.
Palgrave:Macmillan

Jeffries,L and McIntyre,D.(2010)
Stylistics
. New York: Cambridge University Press

Lakoff,G and Johnson,M.(1980)
Metaphors we live by
.Chicago:Chicago University Press.

Tsameret Samuels (n.d)
Conceptual Metaphor Theory
[online]available from<http://www2.rz.hu-berlin.de/linguistik/institut/syntax/docs/workshop_ws10_samuels.pdf> [03 March 2015]

Wales, K. (1990)
A dictionary of Stylistics.
Harlow: Longman

'The language I found my self using was odd, but it made sense. Choppy, boxy, blind and linear.
Impossibly crippled in comparison to many I’d used
, yet still managed to find fluidity and expression'.

'The memory came..
.
it seared with sharp color and ringing sound.
Cold on her skin
,pain gripping her limbs,burning them
.The taste was
fiercely metallic in her mouth'
.

'The memory that was not mine was so
frighteningly strong
and clear that it
sliced through my control'
.

Thank you for listening

Any Questions?
'The air in her
nose
was uncomfortable.'
By Hafsa Akhalwaya, Zenab Akhalwaya, Mona Tayasiir Mohamoud and Amal Ali Houssein
Full transcript