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Criminology

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by

emma burn

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Criminology

Health
Criminology
Community perceptions vs reality
Community perceptions vs reality
How accurate are the community's perceptions of criminal characteristics compared to reality?
Gender
Crime
Age
Reality
CRIMINOLOGY
Reality

Perceptions
Perception
51-60%
(4) 7%
61-70%
(16) 28%
71-80%
(24) 42%
81-90% (
11) 19%
91-100%
(2) 4%
Reality
RATE OF IMPRISONMENT:
Race

Reality
Perception
3%= (
7) 12%
9%= (
17) 30%
18%= (
20) 35%
27%= (
11) 19%
34%= (
2) 4%
Males make up the majority of the jail population. What percentage do you think they make up?
What percentage of the prison population do you believe Indigenous Australians hold?
Perception
27%
Indigenous
63%
Non-Indigenous
Between 2002 and 2012, the percentage of males being imprisoned has increased by 29%. Over the same time period, do you think the number of females increased by more or less than the males?
Between 2002 and 2012, the total number of prisoners increased 31%,
Over the same period, the number of
male prisoners increased 29%
and the number of
female prisoners increased by 48%

Acts intended to cause injury
(8) 14%
Homicide
(3) 5%
Illicit drug offences
(9) 16%
Robbery and extortion
(9) 16%
Sexual assault
(27) 47%
Unlawful entry with intent
(1) 2%
Acts intended to cause injury
(10) 18%
Homicide
(4) 7%
Illicit drug offences
(26) 46%
Robbery and extortion
(8) 14%
Sexual assualt
(6) 11%
Unlawful entry with intent
(3) 5%
MALES VS FEMALES
FEMALE
MALE
The most common offences for sentenced male prisoners were:
1.
acts intended to cause injury (17 per cent)
2.
sexual assault (15 per cent).
For females the most common offences were:
1.
illicit drug offences (17 per cent of female prisoners)
2.
acts intended to cause injury (14 per cent).
There is evidence of a worldwide increase in the number and proportion of older prisoners.
During the 10 years to 2010, there was an
84% increase in the number of prisoners aged at least 50 years in Australia,
especially among women; an increase, which cannot be fully accounted for by the ageing of the general population
REALITY
Perception
18-24
(28) 49%
25-34
(15) 26%
35-44
(9) 16%
45-49
(4) 7%
50+ (
1) 2%
The age of the average Australian criminal is 34.0 years
REALITY
Perception
Average criminal sentence length?
REALITY
The average criminal's sentence length is 3.2 years in Australia.
PERCEPTION
Between 2000 and 2010, which age group has increased in numbers by 84%?
REALITY
Prisoners in Australia have a high mental health rate. In 2012, 46% of prison dischargees reported having ever been told they have a mental health issue (including drugs & alcohol)
PERCEPTION
13%=
(5) 9%
23%=
(17) 30%
38%=
(17) 30%
46%=
(8) 14%
75%=
(10) 18%
EXTENSIVE PRISON HISTORY
REALITY
It is more common for males to have an extensive prison history compared to females.
PERCEPTION
True
(52) 91%
False
(5) 9%
Do you believe you have an accurate perception of Australia's jail statistic?
Survey
CRIMINOLOGY
Community perceptions vs reality
Interview
Do you believe that there is a bias in the community in relation to gender and crime? Why?
How do you think false perceptions around crime affect the community?
Do you think people are aware of the high rate of mental illness in jails?
Why do you think Indigenous Australians make up 27% of Australian Jails?
What do you think of the conditions in jails? Do you think they can be beneficial to health?
Reality
Perception
In prison, do you believe the conditions can be beneficial to health? Why?
In reality, 37% of prisoners about to be released said there health had improved.
What percentage of prison dischargees have been told they have a mental health illness (including alcohol and drug use issues)?
Mental Health
Conditions
Indigenous Australian
Perceptions
Full transcript