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Child Development: Lecture 1

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Christopher Maymon

on 13 July 2015

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Transcript of Child Development: Lecture 1

Child Development
Domains of Development
Discontinuous
Child Development
. constancy and change from conception through adolescence.
.Developmental Science: all changes we experience throughout the lifespan
Cognitive Development
Pujol, et al (1993)
-measured growth in the corpus
callosum and used its age of
maturity as the point where
child development ends.
However, it's important to
remember: This is only
cognitive development
.
Continuous
Process of gradually adding
more of the same typs of
skills that were there to begin
with.
Process in which new ways
of understanding and responding to the world
emerge at specific times.
Examples:
Reading print

.Stages of development
Examples:
Learning how to play the guitar and sing simultaneously
One Couse of Development
Many Courses of Development
Nature
Nurture
Inborn biological Givens
Genetics
Based on the theory of
evolution
Context
Complex forces of the
specific environment we
grow up in
Destiny or Fate
Stability
Plasticity
Early experiences establish
a lifelong pattern of behaviour
favorable life circumstances can help children recover from negative events
Theorists and Philosophes of the Enlightenment
John Locke
1632 - 1704
British 17th Century
philosopher
Considered children to
be born a "
tabula rasa
"
or: "
blank slate
"
Nurture
Children are entirely shaped by their environment!
.Many courses of development
.Plasticity
Very important role of:
Good Parenting
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
1712 - 1778
French 18th century
philosopher
Children are: Noble Savages

Naturally endowed with a sense of right vs. wrong
with an innate plan for
orderly, healthy growth.
Maturation
: a genetically determined, naturally unfolding course of growth
Maturation
Development is Discontinous
Unified: One course of development
Nature
Scientific Beginnings
of the 19th century
Charles Darwin
1809 - 1882
Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection
Survival of the Fittest
Emotional & social Development
Developing until up to age 32
in males
Develops quicker in females
Amygdala & The Limbic System
Physical Development
G. Stanley Hall
Arnold Gesell
(1844-1924)
(1880-1961)
Neo-Darwinians
Maturation
Normative Approach
Statistics
Certain behaviours
Measured
using a Large # of
Individuals
Yields
age-related
Averages
Represents: Typical Development
.G. Stanley Hall created a battery of descriptive analyses
.Arnold Gesell used the information to inform parents on child-rearing.
Alfred Binet
Theodore Simon
(1872 - 1961)
(1857 - 1911)
Lecturer: Christopher Maymon
Sir Ken Robinson
.Using Amphetamines to motivate children who are routinely innatentive
Curriculum
Teaching
Assessment
Finland vs. US
.Properly Nurturing Creativity
.Customized Personalized
Development
French Psychologists
Asked to help devise methods for identifying learning problems for students.
What is Intelligence?
Good Judgement
+
Planning
+
Critical Reflection
IQ = Mental Age
Chronological Age
X
100
Full transcript