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The Rise and Fall of the Russian Empire
Transcript of The Rise and Fall of the Russian Empire
empire due to
Ivan III overthrowing mongol domination in 1480 Russia Socially/
Economically Russia Politically Bibliography! Until it's Demise Until it's Demise Howard Spodek's "The World's History" fourth edition. The Russian
Empire Freedom for Expansion
After the expenditure of the Mongols from Russia in 1480, The independent state began to expand.
At first, Russian began to move southeastward.
Defeating the khanate of Astrakhan in 1556. Expansion and Trade
After capturing the Volga river, south of the Caspian sea, Russia gained access to the silk trade in Persia.
Russia continued moving eastward towards the Pacific, reaching and capturing Siberia.
Siberia is rich in fur bearing animals which later becomes one of Russia's chief exports. Russia's Population
Due to major isolation and foreign rule, very little of Russia's population was Urban.
Russia's trading class was very tiny.
Contained very little city markets.
The Vast majority of Russia's population lived as serfs, with little room for mobility. Serf Uprising
After 1675, Landlords were granted the ability to sell serfs off of their land.
Serf uprisings occur occasionally, one such led by Stepan Razin (1667).
All of which were brutally suppressed.
Gulf between the free and the serf increases. Peter the Great!
Russia stood bottled up without any Baltic port by it's principle external enemy, Sweden.
Sweden at the time already held up Finland and the entire eastern shore of the Baltic.
After an attempt to conquer Sweden, resulting in a crushing defeat (8,000 Swedish troops defeated 40,000 Russian soldiers), Peter Embarked on a "Grand Embassy of Western Europe."
He traveled under an assumed name throughout England, the Netherlands, Baltic ports and the Holy Roman empire. Peter the Great! cont.
on Peter's "Grand Embassy of Europe," Peter searched for allies for the wars he predicted against the Turks from Russia's push towards the Black sea.
He studied closely the economic, cultural, and military-industrial systems of the Western European powers
Even worked as a ship's carpenter in Amsterdam. Peter the great! and Westernization!
Peter, impressed with western militaristic power, invited west military experts to Russia.
Copied European artillery
Established naval bases, and reorganized the army along western lines, armed w/ muskets.
Peter promoted metallurgy, mining, and textile manufacturing.
Designed the new capital (st. Petersburg) as a western city.
Required western education, demanded aristocrats to acquire the morals and tastes of the western elites.
All the way down to the way the Russian's dressed.