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Special Needs Children
Transcript of Special Needs Children
There are many different types of disabilities, and all come with there own set of challenges, however, learning disabilities can be especially challenging, for both an individual who has one and someone who is trying to help them overcome it. There are many misconceptions about learning disabilities, the way they effect a person is different for everyone. Its important for parents to know what to watch for in early childhood and how they can help there child.
Causes of Learning Disabilities:
Treating a Learning Disability:
Symptoms of Learning Disabilities:
A Learning Disability is:
Attention Deficit Disorder:
Most learning disabilities are present from birth, and will begin to become noticeable once the child begins school, in some cases, depending on the cause they could appear during the teens years or early adulthood. Some of the most common causes have only recently
Brain Damage or trauma:
Early Childhood Development:
Those who are closely related to individuals with learning disabilities are more likely to develop them themselves, it is believed the the brain chemistry or deformity that causes the disability can be passed down.
Damage or trauma can cause a person to develop a learning disability at any point in there life. damage or trauma can change a persons brain function or chemistry, causing the learning disability much like when a learning disability is inherited.
During the first years of childhood, the brain is developing more then any other time in an individuals life. interaction and stimulation of the senses is extremely important at this age to help the brain grow and learn, if the brain dose not receive enough stimulation or interaction it can result in a learning disability, due to the underdevelopment.
It was once believed that poor nutrition was a leading cause for learning disabilities, today we know that a chemical imbalance in the brain (the chemicals that trigger the brains reactions and function) can cause learning disabilities, taking vitamins that help to produce these chemicals can reduce symptoms.
A Learning disability, is defined as "a neurological disorder, witch impairs the brains ability to store, process or learn information" a learning disability dose not mean a person is not smart, physically sees things differently, or that they think backwards, it simply means, that their brain processes information in a different way then that of the average person.
Most learning disabilities will begin to show during the first years of school, and although every learning disability comes with its own symptoms and challenges there are some common ones to watch for.
1.) Difficulty learning the alphabet or sounding out letters or words.
2.) can have trouble and make mistakes when reading out loud, or may have trouble understanding text when reading
3.) Spelling words the way they sound.
5.) easily distracted by surroundings, clothing, or noise.
6.) trouble putting thoughts into words.
7.) `may confuse numbers, symbols, and letters.
8.) Some people with learning disabilities may have trouble putting events in order well speaking, trip over there own words or be thinking about multiple things at once.
9.) it is common for children or adults to write some letters or numbers backwards.
10.) may not know how to start a task or have poor orginization. it is also not uncommon for those with a learning disability to have some level or OCD.
Treating a learning disability is different depending on the person, the disability and its severity. There is no cure for a learning disability, but there are ways to help reduce symptoms
- all children with learning disabilities, need to work on what they have trouble with, whether it be writing reading or math. its important that parents and teachers help guide them with this.
- Knowing the childs learning type and what will help them understand best
- When a child is doing school work homework or practicing reading writing or math, creating a work friendly environment can greatly benefit a child. this environment can include limiting distractions, and keeping things positive to encourage the child.
- Giving children a fun way to preactice reading, writing or math, can help get them to practice what they are having difficulty with, such as learning friendly video games.
- in severe cases a doctor can prescribe medication to help with the difficulty of learning or distractions, but theses should only be used as a last resort, or if a doctor or teacher recommends this.
- Many children with leaning disabilities are hands on or visual learners, and will benefit for work where they can pair writing or math with other subjects, things like art therapy, animal therapy, horticultural therapy, or playing music can greatly help.
4.) with math, those with a learning disability may count on there fingers, or have dificulty doing simple math in there head.
- Because there is no cure for a learning disability, it will be something that your child will have to deal with over there life time, along with helping to teach your child the basics they need for there education, its important to help them to understand that every person faces obstacles in life and that they can overcome this like any other.
Studies show that roughly 1 out of every 5 people have a learning disability.
This means that between 5 to 10 % of students (ages 5 to 17) have a learning disability.
It is more likely for a male to develop a learning disability then a female.
My survey was a set of questions based on the symptoms of learning disabilities to determine if the statistics counted for each area, or if the one in five was diagnosed with a learning disability. there where 40 surveys, 10 students from each grade filled one out roughly half males and half females.
- 4 of the 40 people survaid had been tested positive for a learning disability.
- about 2 to 3 students per grade where Likely to have a learning disability.
- and about 2 to 4 students could possibly have a learning disability.
- Every student had experienced some of the symptoms, things like difficulty reading out loud or putting thoughts into words where most common.
My survey showed very similar results to those done by the learning disability association.
Facts and misconceptions
1.) A person with a learning disability is just as smart as a person who dosent have one.
2.) Although a learning disability can make some subjects difficult, when it comes to hands on or creative work, it is not uncommon for someone to have a genius level IQ in the subject or a higher understanding and skill
3.) Many successful people throughout history have had learning disabilities, such as:
- John Lennon ( Dyslexia )
- Albert Einstein ( Aspergers Syndrom )
- Robin Williams ( ADHD )
- Cher ( dyscalcula )
- Walt Disney ( Dyslexia )
- Napoleon ( Autism )
- Da Vinci ( severe Dyslexia )
4.) A person dose not grow out of a learning disability, and there is no cure.
5.) Depending on the causes a person can develop a learning disability at any age.
6.) Every person is different and so is every learning disability.
Effects the brains ability to precess information, the brain processes at a slower rate then normal impairing reading and writing skills, as well as comprehension ability.
A difficulty understanding and manipulating numbers. this disability can give a person a difficulty understanding mathematics concepts or logic.
Difficulties with social interaction and non verbal communication. Includes a restricted and repetitive set of interests and behavior. in some cases there is a difficulty with language and pronunciation along with a misuse of words.
A person experiences hyperactivity and gose by impulse a person may not act there age at all times, Easily distracted, sometimes fidgety a person may have trouble staying focused and may have trouble staying still this is what can lead to problems in school.
A difficulty with spacial judgment and movement. It can effect a persons memory or ability to comprehend. it can make motor skills difficult and in some cases can also impair the body's immune and nervous system.
What Causes Learning Disabilities?
Learning Disabilities and Disorders
Learning Disabilities: your child