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Constructivism

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by

Trevor Wood

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Constructivism

ConstructIvIsm Constructivism is a movement that originated in Russia around 1919.

It began to evolve into what we know today, just as the Bosheviks came into power in the revolution of 1917.

Constructivism developed along with the revolution, many Russian artists at the time wanted to contribute and support the revolution’s goals through their art. Intro Constructivism was a rejection of autonomous art, or art for arts sake. The Constructivism movement believed that art should have a purpose, and that it should be accessible to all, not just the elite.

Constructivists challenged art’s traditional concern with beauty
and focused more on representing
the world they saw in front of them. Influences Constuctivism was influenced from three previous art movements:
Cubism
Suprematism
Futurism Cubism Suprematism Futurism ConstructIVIST GRAPHIC DESIGN Constructivist graphic design contains a lot of contrast and bright colours. Constructivist design is known for its geometric shapes and patterns. Most constructivist posters contain the color red due to its prominence in Russian culture and history, and its ties to communism. Contrast/Bright Colours Use of Geometric shapes Use of the Colour red Another characteristic of constructivist posters are the cut and paste collage feel and the mix of detailed photographic elements and flat blocks of color. The constructivists worked on designs for everything from political campaigns to movie posters. The Constructivists were early developers of photo montage. Gustav Klutsis
Dynamic City ConSTRUCTIVIST Photo Montage Gustav Klutsis
Lenin and Electrification ContructIVIst ArchItecture Constructivist architecture combined engineering and technology with political ideology. Their buildings emphasized abstract geometric shapes and functional machine parts.The most famous work of constructivist architecture was never actually built. The unbuilt project, called Tatlin's Tower, used spiral forms to symbolize revolution and human interaction. Soaring 400 meters (about 1,300 feet), Tatlin's Tower would have been taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Tatlin's Tower ANd Now a quick VIdeo Break Some artIsts synonymous
wITH ConstructIvISM alexander rodchenko Rodchenko was one of the most versatile Constructivist and Productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. He worked as a painter and graphic designer before turning to photomontage and photography. GUSTAV KLUTSIS Gustav Klutsis a pioneering photographer and major member of the Constructivist avant-garde in the early 20th century. He is known for the Soviet revolutionary and Stalinist propaganda he produced with his wife and collaborator Valentina Kulagina. VLAdamIR TATlIN Vladimir Tatlin is often hailed as one of the creators or Russian Constructivism. A painter and architect, he is most famous for his attempts to create the giant tower, The Monument to the Third International. Sum IT up Constructivism declined in Russia the mid 1920’s due in part to the Bolshevik regime’s increasing hostility to avant-guarde art. Constructivism continued to thrive outside Russia until the 1950’s under the term “International Constructivism”.

Constructivism went on to influence other movements such as the Bauhaus and De Stijl movements. Its influence was pervasive, with major impacts upon architecture, graphic and industrial design, theatre, film, dance, fashion and to some extent music.
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