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Transcript of Popular Sovereighty
*Popular Sovereignty is found in Article 5 and 7.
Popular sovereignty or the sovereignty of the people is the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, or elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
*Article 7 requires that nine states ratify the new constitution before it goes into effect. Article 5 provides for ways to amend the constitution.
Where it took its first place and why it is important?
Popular sovereignty first took place in the United States during the late 1700's. It is important because they establish a stable democracy. It indicates that the mandate of the people created the government and that political power comes from the people. It is an belief that the state is created by the mandate of its people who are the source of all political power.
Voting is one example of popular sovereignty
Another example of popular sovereignty is political parties
A historical example of popular sovereignty is Russia during world war 2. During that time the people voted on every decision the government made.
"We the people" is an example of popular sovereignty in the U.S. constitution
What is popular sovereignty?
Lewis Cass is credited with introducing the idea of ''popular sovereignty'' as a way of compromising on the issue of slavery
Who Created Popular Sovereignty
it is used for people of each new state whether it is a slave-stat or free soil. People have the power to vote on the laws.
How is popular sovereignty used today
six basic principles of the Constitution
How is Limited Government used today?
Police need a warrant to enter your home.
the government can't stop you from peacefully protesting.
The government can't torture you.
The government must give you a jury trial
Limited Government Definition
Government, restricted with reference to governing powers by limitations prescribed in laws and in a constitution.
When it is used?
The United States Constitution of 1787 created a government limited by the terms of the written document itself, by the election by the people of the legislators and the executive, and by the checks and balances through which the three branches of government limited each other's power.
Examples of Limited Government
The first amendment, prohibiting the government to restrict our freedom of speech
Police need a warrant to enter your home
Separation of powers
The theory of limited government contrasts with the idea that government should intervene to promote equality and opportunity through regulation of property and wealth redistribution contrasts with the idea that government should intervene to promote equality and opportunity through regulation of property and wealth redistribution.
Definition of Federalism
Federal principle or system of government.
Examples of federalism
The Federal level is composed of the President, the Congress, and the Supreme Court. While Federal laws do not automatically trump what the states do, they can if state law conflicts with Federal law.
Taxes and public finance is another exam
Definition of Separation of Powers
The constitutional principle that limits the powers vested in any person or institution.
Why is separation of powers important?
It controls the the conferral of wide and unguided powers to a single section of the administration. Some of the institutions that use separation of powers include the government.
Examples of Separation of powers
An example of separation of powers is our present day, US government.It is split up into three different branches,each other if one becomes out of line or gains too much authority .This idea was first invented by Montesquieu during the enlightenment.
Judicial review is the power of the United states supreme court to compare acts of congress, the executive branch, and the state government, with the U.S. Constitution. this means in effect the court can overturn any act of congress or state law the court believes that that act violates the Constitution.
How was judicial review created
It was created through a decision made in Marbury vs. Madison. This legal action involves examining and reviewing courts actions and outcomes
why is judicial review important
It makes sure that laws don't violate the peoples constitutional rights
Checks and balances
one part of the government checking and making sure one brach of the government doesn't have more power than the other branches
why are checks and balances important
they insure that one branch has the same amount of power as the others
Popular Sovereignty by Holland Smith Chrissty Beck
The definition of checks and balances
counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups
Examples of Checks and balances
The executive branch can veto bills from the legislative ,but the legislative can override the veto.
1.The president is the commander-in-chief of the army and the navy, but only Congress can declare war.
2.The president nominates judges.
3.The president can veto congressional legislation .
1.Congress approves presidential nominations.
2.Congress controls the budget
3.Congress can pass laws over the president's veto.
Examples of checks and balances continued
4.Congress can impeach the president and remove him/her from office.
5.The senate confirms the president's nominations (for judges,etc.).
1.The court can declare laws unconsitutional.
2.The court can declare presidential acts