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Aché Indian Genocide

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sarah beard

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Aché Indian Genocide

Aché Indian Genocide
Background
The Aché Indians reside in Parguay and have since the 16th century
Hunter-gatherers
The Genocide began with their ancestors( Caigua ) around 500 CE when Guarani horticulturists migrated to Parauay
Considered to be the decendents of vikings or shipwrecked explorers
Deforestation has caused them to relocate near the Acaray River
Genocide
Over 1,000 adults killed
Parents and other adults killed in process of kidnapping children to use as slaves
Inter-American Human Rights Commission refused to acknowledge the evidence
In 1959 Manuel de Jesus Pereira pacified the indigenous peoples
Between 1963 and 1968 more than half the population died from disease and abuse from Pereira
Continued raids, murders,kidnappings, and enslavement after their territory became road accessible in 1968, destroying habitats and natural resources
Citations
Hill, Kim Ronald., and A. Magdalena. Hurtado. Ache Life History: The Ecology and Demography of a Foraging People. New York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1996. Print.
Totten, Samuel, and Robert K. Hitchcock. "The Aché of Parguay." Genocide of Indigenous Peoples. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2011. 190-94. Print.
Münzel, Mark. The Aché: Genocide Continues in Paraguay. Copenhagen: IWGIA, 1974. Print.
"Aché People." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Hill, Kim R. "Aché." Arizona State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
"Genocide." Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Quigley, John B. The Genocide Convention: An International Law Analysis. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Pub., 2006. Print.
Current
A missionary, Father Nicolas de Cunha, started a settlement and eventually turned into an Aché settlement
There are six Aché communities (Puerto Barra and Chupa Pou)
Chupa Pou consists of around 80 families and is the largest community
The genocide is still continuing but after the arrest of Periera there have been less kidnappings from the large landowners
Genocide
Mark Munzel was one of the first to investigate genocide
He reports that "manhunts" took place
People in charge of the reserves were responsible and the government was tolerant of the situation
"The Aché reservation is an Aché graveyard" says Bartomeu Melia,director of Catholic missions in Paraguay
Periera was later arrested
Interesting Facts
Also known as the Axe people for their common use of celt-type stone axes
Their language is a variation of Guaraní
Commonly hunt with a bow and arrow
They eat a lot of wild honey, fruits, and meat (armadillo)
They worship "berendy"
They get divorces frequently
Full transcript