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EDUCATIONAL REFORMS in the 1980s
Transcript of EDUCATIONAL REFORMS in the 1980s
NAN NOR NUHA BT LONG MUHAMMAD AZAHARI
NUR AMALINA BT MOHD MISPAN
NURLAILA BT YAHYA
THE AIM OF KBSM
a) The aim of KBSM is similar to KBSR that is to expand the individual potential as a whole , balance , and integrated and it covers the expect of intellectual , spiritual , emotion , and physical to produce a well balance , harmonious and a good moral values individual.
b) It also designed to achieve the aims of the national education philosophy.
STRUCTURES OF KBSM
Focus in given to the integration of curriculum , co-curiculum , and school culture.
KBSM includes :-
a) Communication fields that covers language subjects and mathematics.
b) Human development and nature consists of religion , moral , and social science.
c) Self development that covers art subject , physical education and curriculum activities.
COMPONENT OF KBSM :
LOWER SECONDARY ( FORM 1-3 )
UPPER SECONDARY ( FORM 4-5 )
MODIFICATION FOR KBSM SYLLABUS
KBSM was recheck in 1990 to fulfill Vision 2020 , globalization , ICT and communication.
The concept of Smart School was introduced in mid of 1990 , where 90 schools were given the chance to undergo the processes.
Malaysian government had prolong the compulsory education system from 9 years to 11 years.
Secondary public examination was also recheck.
After PMR , students will continue their study whether in science stream or art stream in daily school , boarding / islamic school based on their interest.
Starting from January 2003 . Mathematics and Science in Standard 1, Form 1 and Lower 6 were taught in English Language.
The current trend in KBSM is the introduction if science subject to standard one and the curriculum was modified again stage by stage from 2003.
The focus is more towards the use of science and technology as well as innovative methods in P&P.
THE OBJECTIVE OF KBSM
To achieve a life – long education.
To enable students to master interaction skills in every life situation , to expand the way of thinking .
It stresses on problem solving skills in every expect of life.
This program is in line with government policies and needs to inculcate solidarity among the malaysian citizen.
To cater students’ needs in order to face life challenges and able to surpass other individuals.
To expand ICT skills , creative thinking and also knowledge on time management.
CHARACTERISTICS OF KBSM
- Focus on life – long education and elements of JERI.
- To install positive moral values.
- Stress on the importance of mastering Bahasa Malaysia.
HISTORY OF KBSM
a) KBSM was introduced in 1980 by the government to build a well established curriculum for all secondary school.
b) It was introduced for language subject in 1988.
c) Later on, it was introduced for all subjects in 1989.
d)KBSM is continuation of KBSR that is based on 3M (reading, writing, and calculating).
THE NATIONAL EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY
Education in Malaysia is an going effort towards developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner , so as to produce individuals who are intelectually, spiritually, emotionally and phisically balanced and harmonious based on a firm belief in and devotion to God.
Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent , who possess high moral standards and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well being as well as be ing able to contribute to the harmony and betterment of the family, society, and the nation at large.
THE NATIONAL EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY and
INTEGRATED CURRICULUM (KBSM)