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Folk Tales

Students learn about a variety of folktales and create their own folktale.
by

Denise DiCocco

on 28 April 2012

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Transcript of Folk Tales

FOLK TALES
By Denise DiCocco
This presentation will introduce some of the different genres that folk tales encompass. The students will be introduced to trickster tales, fables, pourquoi tales, and fairy tales. The students will learn the different characteristics of each genre and be able to identify those characteristics when reading/listening to a story. The first part of the presentation was designed to be used as a whole group activity but the other sections will be used as learning centers. Each genre will be a different center. (The teacher will have to load the first section to access the instructional Power Point. The other sections can be used by the students independently.)

To assess the students synthesis of the information, the students will write their own folk tale based upon what they learned. The students will also view some tall tales to discover some common characteristics of this genre and to compare it with the other genres.
Trickster Tales
Fables
Pourquoi Tales
Fairy Tales
PA Standards
1.2.5A : Evaluate text organization and content to determine the author’s purpose.
1.3.5A: Read, understand, and respond to works from various genres of literature.
1.3.5B: Identify and analyze the characteristics of different genres.
1.4.5A : Write multi paragraph stories. Include literary elements and devices.
http://mediashare.discoveryeducation.com/mediashare/index.cfm?event=pushFile&guidAssetMediaFileId=3c9f6244-1cc4-41a8-326c-5b73c7f30aeb
There are many different kinds of folk tales. Let's learn what a folk tale is and some different genres of folktales.
Click the url above to begin.
Watch this video. Then answer the following questions with a partner.
What does this tale explain about the world?
How was life in the beginning of the story different from the end?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture this story is from?
Now read another pourquoi tale by yourself and answer the same questions. You may choose a story from our classroom library or from one of the online stories below.
http://tinyurl.com/RainbowTale
http://tinyurl.com/sea-tale
http://tinyurl.com/scales-on-fish
http://tinyurl.com/cheetah-cheeks
Watch this video and answer the following questions with a partner.
Who was the trickster?
What was the problem?
What was the resolution?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where the story is from?
Now read another trickster tale by yourself and answer the same questions. You may choose a story from our library or read/view one of the stories below.
http://tinyurl.com/clever-jackal
http://tinyurl.com/mouse-deer-tales
http://tinyurl.com/anansi-stories
http://tinyurl.com/anansi-story2
Please watch this fable and answer the following questions with a partner.
What is the lesson of this fable?
What theme does this fable stress?
What human characteristics do the animals in this fable have?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where this story is from?
Now read/view another fable by yourself and answer the same questions. Use one of the links below or a book from our classroom library.
http://tinyurl.com/grasshopper-ants
http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/japan.html#twofrogs
http://tinyurl.com/horse-s-mistake
http://tinyurl.com/crow-and-pitcher
Watch the video below and answer the following questions with a partner.
Who was the good character and who was the bad character? Support your answer with details from the story.
Did the fairy tale have a predictable beginning or end? What was it?
Was there any magic in this story? What was it?
What helped the characters overcome their problems?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where the story is from?
Now read/view another fairytale and answer the same questions by yourself.
You may use a book from our classroom library or one of the links below.

http://www.koausa.org/Folk/folk1.html
http://tinyurl.com/arrogant-princess
http://tinyurl.com/rumplestilskin
http://tinyurl.com/123eyes
http://tinyurl.com/rapunzel-tale
Now it is your turn to write a folktale. It could be a fairytale, trickster's tale pourquoi tale, a fable, or a tall tale. Remember to include the characteristics of your genre. (You may refer back to the Powerpoint presentation if you need reminders about the characteristics.) We will share your tale with the class. You may use either of the planning tools below. Have fun!
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/storymap/
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/plot-diagram/
A tall tale is another genre of folk tales. Become a story detective! After viewing/reading at least three tall tales, answer the following questions.
What are the common characteristics between the different tall tales you read?
How are they the same as the other folk tale genres you learned about?
How are they different from the other folk tale genres you learned about?
(Use the tall tale chart and Venn diagram at the links below to answer these questions.)
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/venn/index.htm
Tall Tales
http://tinyurl.com/pecos-billcowboy
http://tinyurl.com/annie-christmas
http://tinyurl.com/paul-bunyanUS
Venn diagram:
Tall tale chart:
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson327/chart.pdf
http://tinyurl.com/john-henry-s-road
Credits
Images:
Day, Alexandra. Mirror. (1997)
Discovery Education. Girl Writing (Image)
Available at http://gtm-media.discoveryeducation.com/videos//imagelibrary/web//AAJX001222.jpg

Florida’s Educational Technology Clearinghouse
Clipart Etc. (2010). Tortoise and Hare (Image).
Available at: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/5200/5222/hare&tortoise_1.htm

Glogster Edu. sm2pzy.
Paul Bunyan (Image)
Available at: http://edu.glogster.com/media/3/10/94/70/10947023.jpg

Kipling, Rudyard. Elephant Child, The. (1902)
Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Elephant (Image).
Available at: http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/93/98993-003-CB5CBCD4.gif

McDermott, Gerarld. Zomo the Rabbit. (1992).
mystudiyo.com http://www.mystudiyo.com/_img/media/2010-12/636755.pjpeg
Rabbit Trickster (Image).
Available at http://www.mystudiyo.com/_img/media/2010-12/636755.pjpeg
And they all lived happily ever after.
Questions for Fable
What is the lesson of this fable?
What theme does this fable stress?
What human characteristics do the animals in this fable have?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where this story is from?

Questions for Fairy Tales
Who was the good character and who was the bad character? Support your answer with details from the story.
Did the fairy tale have a predictable beginning or end? What was it?
Was there any magic in this story? What was it?
What helped the characters overcome their problems?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where the story is from?

Questions for Tricksters' Tales
Who was the trickster?
What was the problem?
What was the resolution?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where the story is from?

Questions for Pourquoi Tales
What did this tale explain about the world?
How was life in the beginning of the story different from the end of the story?
What does this story tell us about the values of the culture where the story is from?

Questions for Tall Tales
What are the common characteristics between the different tall tales you read?
How are they the same as the other folk tale genres you learned about?
How are they different from the other folk tale genres you learned about?
(Use the tall tale chart and Venn diagram at the links below to answer these questions.)
Full transcript