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Christmas German Culture

A project about German Christmas culture, as well as Johann Pachelbel, a famous German composer.
by

Kirk Price

on 9 December 2010

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Transcript of Christmas German Culture

German Culture Project By: KIRK PRICE Johann Pachelbel christmas canon German Christmas Recipe German Christmas Traditions Johann Pachelbel Baptized September 1, 1653 Buried March 9, 1706 German Baroque composer, organist, and teacher Brought south German organ tradition to its peak Pachelbel's music enjoyed enormous popularity during his lifetime he had many pupils his music became a model for the composers of south and central Germany Today, Pachelbel is best known for the Canon in D, the only canon he wrote German Christmas
Traditions The Advent calendar (Adventskalender) is a German invention that was originally designed to involve children in the festivities leading up to Christmas. The calendars are usually made of cardboard and have 24 small windows or flaps, one of which is opened on each day leading up to Christmas. Behind each window is a Christmas scene or motif. Nowadays, calendars may contain chocolate or candy behind each window, and sometimes even small toys. The Advent calendar is a more recent invention of modern capitalism. Originally, families would mark the 24 days of December preceding Christmas with a chalk line on the wall. The first hand-crafted Advent calendars were produced in the mid-19th century; the first printed calendar appeared in Munich in 1903. Eventually the custom was exported all over the world. The Advent wreath (Adventskranz) is adorned with four candles, one of which is lit on each of the four Sundays preceding Christmas. The first Advent wreath, which appeared in the mid-19th century, had 4 larger candles and 19 smaller ones. Each day one additional candle was lit to help the children count the days until Christmas. Today only the four larger candles remain. However, the tradition has been exported to many other countries around the world and was adapted to existing customs. The Advent wreath of the Eastern Orthodox Church uses 6 candles to last through its somewhat longer Advent season. The Advent wreath has been attributed religious and elemental significance. The tradition of a ring of light existed among the Germanic tribes many centuries before the celebration of Advent. It is believed that fewer candles were lit with each progressive lighting to represent the shortening of the days until the solstice, at which time the Julfest celebrated the return of light. German Christmas
Recipe Ingredients:

1 cup shortening
2/3 cup sugar
2 eggs
1/2 tsp. salt
1 tip vanilla
1 tsp. almond flavoring
2 3/4 cup flour
Frosting:

1 1/2 cup powdered sugar
2 tbsp milk
1 tip vanilla
food coloring Cooking:

Cream together the shortening and sugar. Beat in the eggs, salt and flavorings. Stir in the flour until smoothly blended. Chill in the fridge for about an hour.
Roll out on a floured surface to a thickness of about 1/4 inch. Cut with your favorite cookie cutters. Bake on an ungreased cookie sheets until lightly browned around the edges, about 8-10 minutes. Let it cool down. Frosting:
Mix the powdered sugar, milk, and vanilla together thoroughly. Divide and color each portion. Frost the cookies. Cites: Pachelbel: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Pachelbel Christmas Canon: http://www.freehandmusic.com/sheet-music/christmas-canon-253013 German Christmas Traditions: http://www.vistawide.com/german/christmas/german_christmas_traditions.htm German Christmas Recipe: http://www.germanculture.com.ua/recipes/blxmas5.htm
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