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Animal Farm Pre-reading Reseacrh

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manpreet brar

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Animal Farm Pre-reading Reseacrh

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov
Born: May 18th 1868
Died: July 17th 1918
From: Pushkin, Russia
Tsar Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia under Romanov rule
A tsar was an emperor or supreme ruler of the Easter-European region
Was blamed for the poor handling of Bloody Saturday and WWI
Tsar Nicholas II
Capitalism
Exists in all countries of the world.
"an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state."
The Capitalism Class takes advantage of the Working Class greatly.
The intentions of Capitalism are to produce goods and
Russian Revolution of 1917
Consisted of 2 revoultions
On February 23rd 1917, 90 000 women protested against autocracy
By February 25th, the entire city of Petrograd was on strike
Following this revolution, a provisional goverentment was formed and tsar Nicholas II was abdicted
The revolution of October 1917 consisted of the Bolsheviks taking over Petrograd under the command of Vladimir Lenin
Caused great civil war in Russia until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991
By: Manpreet, Noor, Darlene, Sheran, Amrit
Animal Farm Pre-Reading Research
Communism
"a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs."
Is similar to Socialism.
Believes that society should not have classes at all.
Could potentially be a solution to the large gap between the rich and the poor.
Karl Marx
 Full name was Karl Heinrich Marx
 Born on 5 May 1818.
 He was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
 He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894).
 Karl Marx began exploring socio-political theories at university among the Young Hegelians.


Vladimir Lenin
30 December 1922 –
21 January 1924
Joseph Stalin
December 18, 1878- March 5, 1953

-dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) after Lenin died from 1929 to 1953
- he transformed the USSR into an industrial and military superpower
- he ruled by terror and had potential enemies executed or sent to forced labor camps
-prevented Nazi invasion in WWII
- ruled under the concept of "socialism in one country"
- Major figures in the Communist Party (Leon Trotsky) were killed after being convicted of trying to overthrow Stalin
- after his death, the Soviets initiated a de-Stalinization process










Leon Trotskey
-Was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army. -Trotsky was initially a supporter of the Menshevik Internationalists faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
-He joined the Bolshevik immediately prior to the 1917 October Revolution, and eventually became a leader within the Party.
- During the early days of the Soviet Union, he served first as People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs and later as the founder and commander of the Red Army as People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs.
-He was a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War (1918–23). He was also among the first members of the Politburo.
-He waged Russia's 1917 revolution alongside Vladimir Lenin. -As commissar of war in the new Soviet government, he helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control. As the Soviet government developed, he engaged in a power struggle against Joseph Stalin, which he lost, leading to his exile again and, eventually, his murder.
George Orwell
 Real name was Eric Arthur Blair but he was known by his pen name George Orwell.
 Eric Arthur Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bengal (now Bihar) India, into a family of the “lower-upper middle class”.
 George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism.
 He is commonly ranked as one of the most influential English writers of the 20th century and as one of the most important chroniclers of English culture of his generation.
 Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction and polemical journalism. Orwell is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) and the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945). Animal Farm (1945) was an anti-Soviet satire in a pastoral setting featuring two pigs as its main protagonists. These pigs were said to represent Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky.
 The novel brought Orwell great acclaim and financial rewards.
 He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.
 He died January 21, 1950

Allegory
"a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole."
Directly involved with common ownership.
The buying and selling system would cease to exist.
Goods would be assigned
Socialism
Animal Farm
Why did George Orwell write it?
- The novel criticized the Soviet Union, one of England's allies in World War II.
-The themes of the book are topics Orwell had been concerned with for much of his life, such as politics, truth, and class conflict.
-He used animals to write this allegorical fable that could be read on the surface as an entertaining story about animals.
-His deeper meaning, however, was an attack on those who misuse their political power. This criticism was directed at Joseph Stalin, the dictator of Russia at that time.
-Orwell used the animals to satirize humans who abuse their power in government.
Work Cited
Karl Marx." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Mar. 2014. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Marx>

"Vladimir Lenin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Mar. 2014. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Lenin

Wolff, Jonathan. "Karl Marx." Stanford University. Stanford University, 26 Aug. 2003. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marx/>








"George Orwell." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Orwell>
"George Orwell Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/george-orwell-9429833>
After Bloody Saturday, he was forced to create a provisional government
After WWI he was abdicted and was placed under house arrest
Was executed by the Bolsheviks under the command of Vladimir Lenin
"Nicholas II Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/nicholas-ii-21032713?page=3>
Rosenberg, Jennifer . "The Russian Revolution of 1917." About.com 20th Century History. nRelate , n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/Russian-Revolution/a/Russian-Revolution.htm>
services for a profit
rather than attending
to the community's
needs.
based on one's input or
amount of labor done.
QUICK FACTS
• NAME: Karl Marx
• OCCUPATION: Historian, Economist, Journalist
• BIRTH DATE: May 05, 1818
• DEATH DATE: March 14, 1883
• EDUCATION: University of Bonn, University of Berlin
• PLACE OF BIRTH: Trier, Germany
• PLACE OF DEATH: London, England
• FULL NAME: Karl Heinrich Marx

 He became a journalist, and his socialist writings would get him expelled from Germany and France. In 1848, he published The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels and was exiled to London, where he wrote the first volume of Das Kapital and lived the remainder of his life there.
 Karl Marx was best known as a revolutionary communist, whose works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century.
 Marx's economic analysis of capitalism is based on his version of the labour theory of value.
 Marx died of pleurisy in London on March 14, 1883.
Socialist Leader
Communist Leaders
- was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist
-served as the leader of the Russian SFSR from 1917, and then concurrently as Premier of the USSR from 1922, until his death
-Remains the greatest Marxist tactician
-had a significant influence on the international Communist movement
-was one of the most influential and controversial figures of the 20th century
- founded Bolshevik Party
- returned to Russia from exile in April 1917 and advocated armed rebellion to establish Communist state
-defined his movement by the slogan
“All power to the soviets”
- a literary device in which characters or events in a literary, visual, or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts.
-Allegory has been used widely throughout the histories of all forms of art; a major reason for this is its immense power to illustrate complex ideas and concepts in ways that are easily digestible and tangible to its viewers, readers, or listeners.
-An allegory conveys its hidden message through symbolic figures, actions, imagery, and/or events. -Allegory is generally treated as a figure of rhetoric; a rhetorical allegory is a demonstrative form of representation conveying meaning other than the words that are spoken.
Allegory." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allegory

("Leon Trotsky Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. http://www.biography.com/people/leon-trotsky-9510793
"Leon Trotsky." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Trotsky
Appignanesi, Richard, and Oscar Zarate. Lenin for beginners. Rev. ed. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978. Print.
Bainton, Roy. A brief history of 1917: Russia's year of revolution. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2005. Print.
"Joseph stalin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Mar. 2014. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_stalin
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